Salta al contenuto principale della pagina

BIOLOGY II (CYTOLOGY, HISTOLOGY) AND LABORATORY COURSE

CODE 80795
ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/2018
CREDITS 10 credits during the 1st year of 8756 Biotechnology (L-2) GENOVA
LANGUAGE Italian
TEACHING LOCATION GENOVA (Biotechnology)
PREREQUISITES
Prerequisites (for future units)
This unit is a prerequisite for:
  • Biotechnology 8756 (coorte 2017/2018)
  • CELLULAR BIOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENT AND CELLULAR CULTURE AND DEVELOPMENT LABORATORY 66910
  • MICROBIOLOGY 66903
  • BIOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT AND LABORATORY 66916
  • GENERAL PATHOLOGY (IMMUNOLOGY) 66904
  • CELLULAR BIOLOGY AND CELLULAR CULTURE LABORATORY 66914
MODULES This unit is composed by:
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

The course titled "Biology II" aims to integrate the knowledge of "functional histology" and cell biology by aiming to provide students with knowledge about the organization and function of cells and human tissues with particular attention to the connection between morphology and function.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Know structure, organization and function of different human tissues and morphological-functional characteristics of cells that compose them.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

In order to provide the student with a complete view of the tissue organization, basic and advanced methods for analyzing the organization of human tissues and how this organization is instrumental in ensuring full homeostatic tissue function are discussed.

The course thus aims at:

1. provide basic concepts on morphology, cellular and molecular organization of human tissues;

2. discuss in depth the cellular and molecular characteristics of the different stem cell populations in the various tissues;

3. describe the functional properties of the various tissues and cells that compose them, focusing on physiopathological aspects as well.

TEACHING METHODS

Class teaching and practical exercises under an optical microscope and laboratory.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

EUKARYOTIC CELL:

The main steps in eukaryotic cell evolution

The plasma membrane:

Structure and functions

Membrane transports

Endocytosis and esocytosis

The cytoplasm:

Hyaloplasm

Ribosomes

Rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (RER)

Smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (REL)

Golgi apparatus

Lysosomes

Peroxisomes

Mitochondria

The cytoskeleton

Cell movement

Cell motility and intracellular transport

Cell junctional comlexes

The nucleous

The nucleolus

Cell cycle and mitosis

 

TISSUES:

Epithelial tissue:

Main characteristics of epithelia

Lining epithelia: organization and classification

Structural surface differentiations of epithelial cells (microvilli, stereocilia, cilia)

Secretory epithelia:

•          exocrine glands

•          endocrine glands

 

Connective tissue:

Extracellular matrix:

•          fibers

•          ground substance

Cell components of connective tissue

Connective tissue proper

Support connective tissue: cartilage and bone tissue

Ossification

Trophic connective tissue: blood and lymph

Lymphatic tissue

Cells of the innate and adaptive immune system

Muscle tissue:

  • striated skeletal and cardiac muscle
  • smooth muscle tissue

Myofibril structure and muscle  contraction

Nerve tissue:

  • neurons
  • glial cells
  • nerve fibers
  • synapses and impulse transmission

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alberts et al.,  Biologia molecolare della cellula, Zanichelli

Istologia (a cura di Rosati, Colombo e Maraldi) Edi-Ermes

Istologia (testo e atlante) di M.H. Ross e W. Pawlina Casa Editrice Ambrosiana

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

SIMONA CANDIANI (President)

ROBERTA CASTRICONI (President)

EMANUELA MARCENARO (President)

ALESSANDRO MORETTA (President)

LESSONS

TEACHING METHODS

Class teaching and practical exercises under an optical microscope and laboratory.

LESSONS START

March 1, 2018

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Oral.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

The exam is oral. It is always led by the owners of the course and lasts for at least 30 minutes (typically 45 minutes). With these modes, given the long experience of examinations in the discipline, the commission is able to verify with high accuracy to achieve the educational objectives of teaching. When these are not met, the student is invited to deepen the study and to use further explanation on the part of the teacher.