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DYNAMICS AND CONTROL OF CHEMICAL REACTORS

CODE 90897
ACADEMIC YEAR 2017/2018
CREDITS 5 credits during the 2nd year of 10376 CHEMICAL AND PROCESSES ENGINEERING (LM-22) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR ING-IND/24
LANGUAGE English
TEACHING LOCATION GENOVA (CHEMICAL AND PROCESSES ENGINEERING)
SEMESTER 2° Semester
MODULES This unit is a module of:

OVERVIEW

The course provides tools and methods for the definition of dynamic models of the most common chemical reactors, analysis of the dynamic behaviour  during all phases of operation and control strategies.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course provides tools and methods for the modeling of the dynamic behavior and control of chemical reactors, with particular reference to safe start-up and shut-down. The course provides tools and methods for the acquisition, processing and extracting information from time series process data.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Students will be able to define operating conditions for continuous and batch chemical reactors and  to evaluate the possible start-up and operation problems. Students will be able to analyze process data and / or operating databases and  to extract information for identifying faults or management issues. Students will be able to design pilot-scale experimental campaigns or simulation campaigns (with different types of models) for the study of the dynamics of chemical reactors.

TEACHING METHODS

Lectures with the help of slides provided by the teacher.

Lab activities using simulation tools and sw.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Deterministic, black-box, mechanistic, stochastic dynamic models. - Estimation of characteristic times of process equipment. - Study of stability, steady states, oscillations and nonlinear dynamics of reactions and chemical reactors. - Thermal runaway, parametric sensitivity, adjustment and control of chemical reactors, adaptive control, dynamics of start-up and shut-down, on-line fault diagnosis. - Early warning criteria. -Methods for process data analysis, gross errors detection and filters.- Group activities on analysis of process data and dynamic simulation of controlled reactors (Matlab, Simulink).

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Course handouts and slides supplied by the teacher (full bibliography is also contained)

Said S. E. H. el-Nashaie, Shadia S. el-Shishini, "Dynamic Modelling, Bifurcation and Chaotic Behaviour of Gas-Solid Catalytic Reactors", Gordon & Breach Publishers, 1996, ISBN 2-88449-078-7.

Roffel B., Betlem B., "Process Dynamics and Control", Wiley, 2006, ISBN-10: 0-470-01663-9.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

RENZO DI FELICE (President)

OMBRETTA PALADINO (President)

ELISABETTA ARATO

BARBARA BOSIO

LESSONS

TEACHING METHODS

Lectures with the help of slides provided by the teacher.

Lab activities using simulation tools and sw.

LESSONS START

February 2018

Class schedule

All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Written test (multiple choice questions), written exercise (carried out in group, on reactors simulation or data analysis tasks) and oral examination (discussion of the written exercise).

ASSESSMENT METHODS

Written test: questions about theory and definitions.

It is used to evaluate the ability of the student to discriminate between different dynamic models, to evaluate stability, to know main controllers properties, to know the principal design crieria to prevent runaway and for safe start-up and shut-down of chemical reactors

Written exercise: a real problem about a pilot or lab-scale reactor (with some experimental data) is posed  and must be solved in team.

It is used to evaluate the ability of the students to design pilot-scale experimental campaigns or simulation campaigns (with different types of models) for the study of the dynamics of chemical reactors.

Oral examination: questions about the written exercise

It is used to evaluate the contribute of each student inside the team work and about the application of theory.