|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||MAT/07|
|MODULES||This unit is a module of:|
In this course will be presented the basic concepts of quantum mechanics, highlighting the mathematical techniques necessary for the strict formalization of this theory. In particular, the algebraic structure of quantum observables will be studied and the theorems necessary for the representation of this algebra will be analyzed. Finally, some instruments of operator theory and analysis of Hilbert spaces will be used to derive the evolution equations of Schrödinger and Heisenberg and to discuss their solutions.
Starting from few basic concepts from quantum mechanics, which will be recalled in the first lectures, the course will emphasize the mathematical tools that play a crucial role in the formalization of quantum mechanics as a rigorous mathematical theory. In order to pursue this goal, it will be necessary to examine the canonical algebraic structure carried by the set of quantum observables. This point of view naturally guides us to foundational theorems in the representation theory of the algebra of quantum observables. Furthermore, it helps us unravelling the main features of such representations. Eventually, these results lead to a change of perspective from an abstract algebraic approach to a more concrete one, based on the theory of operators on a Hilbert space, where a concrete description of the quantum particle and of its dynamics through the Schrödinger equation becomes explicitly tractable. Towards the end of the course, in order to deal with applications to concrete problems of physical interest, it becomes necessary to develop some tools from the theory of selfadjoint unbounded operators on Hilbert spaces.
Preliminary physical observations
Algebraic description of a physical system
Quantum systems and non-commutativity
The quantum particle
Examples and applications
References will be provided during the course.
Office hours: By appointment.
PIERRE OLIVIER MARTINETTI (President)
CLAUDIO BARTOCCI (President Substitute)
MARCO BENINI (President Substitute)
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
The exam consists of an oral test, during which the student is asked to demonstrate familiarity with concepts and tools presented in the lectures. More specifically, the studente is expected to have learnt definitions and theorems exhamined during the lectures and to be able to prove them autonomously.
The exam consists of an oral test. Please get in touch with the teacher to schedule an appointment.
Attendance is recommended for this course.