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CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY - MOD. 1

CODE 80586
ACADEMIC YEAR 2020/2021
CREDITS 5 credits during the 1st year of 11159 BIOENGINEERING (LM-21) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR CHIM/07
LANGUAGE Italian (English on demand)
TEACHING LOCATION GENOVA (BIOENGINEERING)
SEMESTER 1° Semester
MODULES This unit is a module of:
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The aim of the course is to provide  knowledge of the structure, reactivity and properties of complex molecules, with a special focus on biomolecules.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course will provide an in-depth knowledge of the structure, reactivity and properties of organic molecules. It is developed through three successive steps: classification and structure of functional groups characterizing the main classes of compounds in organic chemistry and fundamentals on the chemistry of coordination compounds, reactivity and reaction mechanisms for the conversion of different classes of compounds, description of structure, properties and reactivity of polyfunctional macromolecules of biological and biomedical / technological interest.

By the end of the course the student should be able to:

-describe the main functional groups and classes of compounds in organic chemistry (structure, nomenclature and isomerism),
-describe the coordination compounds,
-describe, with examples, (bio) macromolecules and polymeric structures,
-explain the general mechanisms of reactions in organic chemistry,
-evaluate, based on its chemical functional groups, the reactivity of an organic compound,

-predict the products of specific organic reactions
-evaluate the macroscopic properties of simple and complex organic compounds in relation to their structure.

TEACHING METHODS

Lectures, exercises and discussion of problems on chemical reactions and properties during class hours

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Common functional groups in Orgnaic Chemistry, IUPAC nomenclature and classifications of main organic compounds. Single bonds: alkanes, alcohols, ethers, amines. Double bonds: alkenes, carbonyl compounds (aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and functional derivatives of carboxylic acids). Triple bonds: alkynes and nitriles. Aromatic hydrocarbons: benzene and main derivatives. Essentials of nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus containing organic compounds. Properties. Stereochemistry. Main organic reaction mechanisms: nucleophilic substitution, electrophilic addition, elimination, nucleophilic addition, nucleophilic acyl substitution, chemical reactivity of benzene. Oxidation-reduction reactions. Synthetic polymers:  polymerisation reactions and structure-property relationships. Molecules of biological interest: carbohydrates (monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides), amino acids and proteins, lipids, DNA and RNA. Essentials of coordination compounds.

 

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Lecture notes, aulaweb, Chemistry reference textbooks: J.McMurry, Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry; W.Brown, T.Poon, Introduction to Organic Chemistry, J.Wiley and Sons; J.G.Smith, Organic Chemistry, McGraw Hill

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

SANTINA BRUZZONE (President)

GIANLUCA DAMONTE

GIANGUIDO RAMIS

ELISABETTA FINOCCHIO (President Substitute)

LESSONS

TEACHING METHODS

Lectures, exercises and discussion of problems on chemical reactions and properties during class hours

LESSONS START

1st semester

Class schedule

All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Oral (partial) exam. The final exam result is the average mark of the two modules marks.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

After completing this course, the student will be able to manage skills and operating method for the approach of problems related to properties and structure of biomolecules and their reactivity, focusing on their role in technological and biomedical applications.

The oral exam will verify the ability of the student to assign the correct name to simple and complex organic compounds, and to analyze and compare properties and structure of the main classes of compounds in organic chemistry (including polymers, biomacromolecules and complexes). During the exam, the student should also be able to discuss reaction mechanisms and products, describing them in general and critically analyzing specific problems. The correctness and completeness of the answers and also the quality of the exposure, with the use of the appropriate specialized lexicon, will be evaluated.

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
07/01/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
09/02/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
29/03/2021 09:00 GENOVA Orale
08/06/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
01/07/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
20/07/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale
10/09/2021 09:30 GENOVA Orale