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MICROBIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY

CODE 67405
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 3 cfu during the 4th year of 8745 MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA(LM-41) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR MED/07
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    Microbiology is a science that studies microorganisms, microscopic organisms having an extraordinary impact on the entire life and the composition of our planet. Microorganisms and humans have a very close relationship.

    Upon the completion of this course the students should know the biology of the microorganisms and their strategies to cause diseases in humans.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Objectives:
    General Microbiology: to know the characteristics of microorganisms useful to isolate them from clinical samples in the laboratory and the microbiological bases of antibiotic use.
    Clinical microbiology: to know the basic principles in the direct and indirect microbiology diagnosis of infectious diseases
    Clinical microbiology: to know the microbiological diagnostic flow-charts that can be used for the diagnosis of respiratory tract (high and low tracts), uro-genital tract, gastro-enteric tract, central nervous system, cardiovascular system infections and sepsis.
    Clinical microbiology: to know the microbiological diagnostic flow-charts that can be used for opportunistic infections in the immunocompromised patient

    TEACHING METHODS

    The teaching methods include: lectures (30 total hours)

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    Differential characteristics for the identification of the following microorganisms: Staphylococci, Streptococci, Pneumococci, Enterococci,
    Mycobacteria, Neisseria, Hemophiles, Moraxella, atypical germs, Enterobacteria, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Clostridia, Fungi (candida and aspergillus), Herpesvirus, HIV, Hepatitis, Paramyxovirus, HPV.
    Microbiological diagnosis (direct-indirect diagnosis, executive protocols, microscopic examination, culture, antibiogram, molecular microbiological techniques, ELISA, IF
    Microbiological diagnosis of respiratory, uro-genital, cardio-circulatory infections (blood culture and endotoxin test), gastro-enteric, central nervous system
    Microbiological diagnosis of HIV and opportunistic infections in the immunocompromised patient

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Microbiologia Clinica a cura di E.A. Debbia.  Casa Editrice Esculapio

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    ANDREA DE MARIA (President)

    MALGORZATA KAROLINA MIKULSKA (President)

    ANTONIO DI BIAGIO

    DANIELE ROBERTO GIACOBBE

    ANNA MARCHESE

    ANTONIO VENA

    MATTEO BASSETTI (President and Coordinator of Integrated Course)

    LESSONS

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    Oral examination

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The evaluation is carried out through the only final exam which seeks to ascertain the actual acquisition by the student of the expected learning results. To demonstrate their knowledge, the students will be able to know:

    -the main characteristics of prokaryotes, eukaryotes and viruses and their classification. The host-microbe interactions (symbiosis, parasitism, opportunism, colonization, infection, disease);

    -the characteristics of bacteria (bacterial structure, growth and microbial metabolism, overview of bacterial genetics);

    -the bacterial pathogenicity and virulence factors (input, adherence to host tissue, invasion, permanence, exotoxins and endotoxins, hydrolytic enzymes, antiphagocytic mechanisms), intracellular parasites and heterogeneity antigen;

    -the major classes of chemotherapeutic agents and antibiotics (beta-lactams, glycopeptides, aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, quinolones, chloramphenicol, macrolides, clindamycin, oxazolidinones, streptogramins, nitroimidazoles, rifampin) and their main characteristics (spectrum of action, target, pharmacokinetics and mechanisms of drug resistance);

    -susceptibility and antimicrobial resistance  and quantitative and qualitative determination of antibiotic activity;

    -the general characteristics of the viruses (structure and composition,  viral classification, viral replication, viral genetics overview);

    -the mechanism of viral penetration into the host,  viral transmission, spreading, tropism, virulence and cytopathic effects, persistence, latency, reactivation);

    -the antiviral drugs and resistances;

    -the general characteristics of pathogenic fungi and parasites.

    A minimum mark of 18/30 is required to pass the module. The mark 30/30 with any honors will correspond to an excellent knowledge of all argoments.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    20/01/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Codice Teams: 19wxaz5 Nota Bene: chi non avrà sostenuto l'esame di Farmacologia 1 (esame propedeutico obbligatorio) non potrà sostenere l'esame.
    10/02/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Codice Teams: hucebfp Nota Bene: chi non avrà sostenuto l'esame di Farmacologia 1 (esame propedeutico obbligatorio) non potrà sostenere l'esame.
    25/02/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale invio il codice Teams “dhr56n1” per accedere all'esame Nota Bene: chi non avrà sostenuto l'esame di Farmacologia 1 (esame propedeutico obbligatorio) non potrà sostenere l'esame.
    09/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    07/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    21/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    08/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale