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METALLURGY

CODE 72563
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 6 cfu during the 2nd year of 9009 METODOLOGIE PER LA CONSERV. RESTAURO BENI CULTURALI(LM-11) - GENOVA
  • 6 cfu during the 3nd year of 10375 INGEGNERIA CHIMICA E DI PROCESSO (L-9) - GENOVA
  • 8 cfu during the 3nd year of 8757 CHIMICA E TECNOLOGIE CHIMICHE (L-27) - GENOVA
  • 7 cfu during the 2nd year of 8765 SCIENZA DEI MATERIALI (L-30) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR ING-IND/21
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites
    You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
    • Chemistry and Chemical Technologies 8757 (coorte 2020/2021)
    • MATHEMATICAL INSTITUTIONS 72564
    • Chemistry and Chemical Technologies 8757 (coorte 2019/2020)
    • MATHEMATICAL INSTITUTIONS 72564
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    Metallic materials are part of our daily life and correspond to a great achievement of millenia of research and development in various fields of knowledge and techonology. This is why the Metallurgy classes touch the fields of archaeology as well of engineering passing through the chemistry and the materials sciences. It starts from "How did we reach this point" to finsh with the modern iron metallurgy.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Basic knowledge of structure and properties of metallic mateirals, their manufacturing and process transformation, thermal treatments and application. Knowledge of the principles to select and manufacture the best matching materials in relation with their practical and industrial usage. Main metallgraphic methods. Skills to recognize the typical microstructures of steels, cast iron at various stages of manufacturing with the link to their properties. 

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    To learn how to correlate the properties of metals with the chemical composition and their thermomechanical history.

    Iron base alloys (carbon steel and cast iron) are presented more in detail with practical examples.

    PREREQUISITES

    It is suggested but not mandatory to have a basic knowledge in Inorganic Chemistry, binary phase diagrams, lattice principles, chemical bonds.

    The classes are organized on various levels of complexity in order to support the learning process of students coming from various previous experiences. 

    TEACHING METHODS

    Most of classes are held in the classroom with slides and the support of expert's seminars

    Lab activities are carreid out as last lessons in the laboratory of metallurgy at the DCCI. These classes are meant to make the student aquainted with the manufacturing and shaping of FCC alloys.

     

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    Metals in humankind history, from the discovery to the usage. Why metals and main applications: achievements and perspectives. A closer insight: metal bond and lattice (FCC, BCC, HCP). Fundamentals of crystallography. Defects: punctual linear and volumic. Lattice defects and diffusion. Fick's laws. Defects and plastic deformation. Burger's vector. Frank-Read sources. Cottrel atmospheres and dislocations mobility. Dislocations interaction with inclusions, grain boundaries, precipitates and second phases. Metallic materials characterization methods: Optical Metallography (sampling, polishing, etching, observation), Electron microscopy and chemical analysis (SEM, EDXS), mechanical tests (stress-strain, hardness, toughness), fatigue, creep. Fragile-ductile transition temperature. Critical shear stress. Strengthening methods: alloying, hardening, thermal treatment. Solid solution, intermetallic phase and compound, eutectic reaction, peritectic reaction, phase diagrams. Molten - solid transition of a pure metal, on an alloy. Micro- and Macro-segregation. Primary etching, Fe-C phase diagram. Carbon steel and cast iron. Bain curves, CCC curves. Thermal treatments: in gamma field (annealing, normalizing, quenching), in alpha field (recrystallization annealing, recovery, tempering). Introduction to quenchability measurements (Jominy). Thermo-chemical surface treatments. Practical metallography.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    A. Cigada, T. Pastore, Struttura e proprietà dei materiali metallici, McGraw-Hill,

    W. Nicodemi, Metallurgia, Zanichelli

    R. E. Smallman and A. H.W. Ngan, Physical Metallurgy and Advanced Materials, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007

    In case the student autonomously individuate a book the teachers are available for its evaluation before to proceed with the purchase

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    PAOLO PICCARDO (President)

    ROBERTO SPOTORNO (President Substitute)

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    September 28th, 2020 (the final schedule will be available on http://www.chimica.unige.it/didattica/orari_CTC  and https://corsi.unige.it/8757)

    Class schedule

    METALLURGY

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    Oral with daily sessions of 12 students. 

    The ora exam corresponds to three questions, each answer maximum grade il 10, the sum of the three results makes the final grade 

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    Three main topics: 1) General metallurgy (metallic bond, solidification, phase diagrams, solid state transformations, Fe-C diagram, microstructural features at the equilibrium); 2) Practical metallurgy (out of equilibrium diagrams, thermal treatments on steels, mechanical treatments, surface modifiations); 3) Characterization (metallography, mechanical tests)

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    03/02/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    03/02/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    21/02/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    21/02/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    20/04/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    06/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    13/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    13/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    30/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    30/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    14/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    14/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    21/07/2022 09:30 GENOVA Compitino Sostituisce la data del 16 luglio per tutte le materie
    21/07/2022 09:30 GENOVA Orale Sostituisce la data del 16 luglio per tutte le materie
    07/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    07/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    23/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    23/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    The notations are from 18 to 30 on 30 . The special mention (con lode) is attributed when the whole exam is considered outstanding.