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CODE 75386
  • 12 cfu during the 1st year of 11162 RELAZIONI INTERNAZIONALI (LM-52) - GENOVA
    LANGUAGE Italian
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:


    The course is intended to promote the knowledge of both historical facts and theories which inspired projects leading to the early attempts at unifying Europe.




    At the end of the course the student is able to:

    - know the historical processes that led to the first attempts at European unification, the theoretical principles underlying them, the initiatives of movements, parties, political, economic and social forces in favor of continental unity from the second post-war period to the present day;

    - be aware of the historical dimension of the reality of the European Union and its possible evolutions;

    - understand the historiography and sources of European integration;

    - develop in-depth papers on specific topics.


    The course aims to provide the student with:
    * In-depth historical notions about the history of European integration from 1945 to present
    * Notes on the history of the idea of ​​Europe
    * Direct knowledge of documentary and oral sources on the history of European integration
    * Knowledge of different historiographic trends on the subject
    * The ability to apply a methodology that allows the student to prepare and present specific papers, based on an individual search on historical sources
    * Appropriate tools to analyze and understand the complexity of the European Union, between national efforts and supranational integration, that can be practically used to prepare dossiers with innovative proposals on topical issues


    The lessons are frontal.

    Students could be involved in the simulation of a meeting of an EU institution or a European supranational body.

    During the course, thematic seminars on topical issues of the European integration process will be organized and recommended.

    Unless different indication due to the evolution of the health situation, the course will take place in a traditional way (in classroom).

    To access, students must follow the rules indicated by the University:

    - reserve a seat in the classroom on the website; when booking you will also be asked for a declaration of absence of symptoms and close contacts with positives;

    - access the spaces with Greenpass and equipped with a surgical mask, keeping the distance;

    - follow the instructions of the reception staff;

    - always keep the same place in the classroom with the mask on, frequently sanitize your hands, do not crowd into common areas and bathrooms.

    For those who cannot book a seat in the classroom, it is possible to follow the lessons through Teams, code 3f2vzl4.


    Tuesday 8-10

    Wednesday 12-14

    Thursday 8-10


    Roots of Europe. A moving Europe
    The idea of ​​Europe in the history
    The turning point of the end of 700
    Characters and major figures of nineteenth-century Europeanism
    The First World War and the Society of Nations. Einaudi's criticism at SdN
    Projects, movements, ideas of European unification in Europe between the two wars
    The Briand Plan
    The Franco-British Union Monnet project
    Europe's idea and European constitution projects in the Second World War and in the post-war period
    The movements for the European unity
    Europe at the start of the Cold War
    Strategies for European unification
    Jean Monnet and Altiero Spinelli
    The American attitude towards European unification: from the period between the two wars to the Marshall Plan
    The OEEC
    The Brussels Pact
    The Hague Congress
    The Council of Europe
    The Schuman Plan
    The ECSC
    The CED
    The founding fathers of Europe: Alcide De Gasperi, Konrad Adenauer, Robert Schuman, Paul-Henri Spaak
    Article 38 of the CED and the draft European Community Policy
    The Ad Hoc Assembly
    From the fall of the CED to the WEU
    The Treaties of Rome
    The common agricultural policy
    Italy in the EEC and its entry into EMS: 1958-1978
    De Gaulle's European policy. The Fouchet Plans and the empty chair crisis
    Kennedy's proposal of equal partnership of July 1962
    Europe in the late 1960s and early 1970s and the international context
    The enlargements of the EEC / EU
    The crisis of the Bretton Woods system
    The Hague Conference and the re-launch of the integration process: completion, enlargement, deepening
    The first monetary unification projects. The Werner Plan
    The Money Serpent
    From direct EP elections to the Spinelli project
    The European Single Act
    The Treaty of Maastricht and the constitutional last twenty years
    Italy's entry into monetary union
    The Treaty of Nice
    The Laeken Declaration and the Constitutional Treaty
    The Treaty of Lisbon
    The Euroscepticism


    Recommended texts:

    - U. MORELLI, Storia dell’integrazione europea, Milano, Guerini, 2011

    - D. PREDA, Alcide De Gasperi: European Founding Father, Brussels, Peter Lang, 2017


    - Corrado Malandrino, Stefano Quirico, L’idea di Europa. Storie e prospettive, Carocci, 2020

    Non-attending students must also report on one of the following volumes:

    • Matteo Antonio Napolitano, Verso l’Europa unita. Il percorso politico-istituzionale di Giulio Bergmann, Roma, Aracne, 2020.

      Francesco Bonini, Sandro Guerrieri (a cura di), Le Costituzioni degli altri. La Carta italiana in un quadro globale

      Lara Piccardo, Dalla Patria all’Umanità. L’Europa di Giuseppe Mazzini, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2020

      Giorgio Grimaldi, I Verdi italiani e l’Europa. Il Sole che ride dagli albori all’azione nel Parlamento europeo (1978-2009), Bologna, Il Mulino, 2020

      Giorgio Grimaldi, I Verdi in Germania. L’ecologia in politica dai movimenti all’Europa, Pavia, Collana del Jean Monnet Interregional Centre of Excellence, 2020

      Raffaella Cinquanta, Partigiani di tutta Europa, unitevi!”. L’ideale dell’Europa unita nelle riviste clandestine della Resistenza italiana, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2020

      Euroscepticisms. Resistance and Opposition to the European Community/European Union, a cura di Guido Levi e Daniela Preda, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2018

      Daniela Preda, Alcide De Gasperi: European Founding Father, Brussels, Peter Lang, 2017

      Guido Levi, L’europeismo ai tempi della Costituente, Padova, Cedam, 2020

    Erasmus students will have to submit a detailed report on a theme of their choice and report on one of the following volumes:

    U. MORELLI, L’Unione europea. Storia, istituzioni, politiche, Loescher 2007

    S. PISTONE, L'integrazione europea. Uno schizzo storico, UTET, 1999.

    W. LOTH, Building Europe, a history of European integration, Berlin, de Gruyter, 2015

    M. T. BITSCH, Histoire de la construction européenne, Ed. Complexe, 1999.


    Exam Board

    DANIELA PREDA (President)


    MARIA ELEONORA GUASCONI (President Substitute)



    II semester, 1 March 2022.


    Tuesday 8-10

    Wednesday 12-14

    Thursday 8-10

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.



    The exam aims to ascertain the adequate knowledge of the topics covered by the course and its duration varies, modulating with respect to individual cases, in order to allow such verification. The exam is oral and includes questions on both the institutional and the monographic part. Students attending the course will prepare dossiers and present oral reports, which will be included in the overall evaluation. Non-attending students will have to deepen a theme chosen by reading a volume among those published on aulaweb


    The Commission is designated by the Department Council and chaired by the course professor. The evaluation is based mainly on the knowledge of the subject, but also on the quality of the exposure, the correct use of the specialized lexicon and the critical reasoning ability on the study carried out.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    14/12/2021 09:00 GENOVA Orale Prof.ssa Piccardo
    14/12/2021 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    11/01/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Prof.ssa Piccardo
    11/01/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    25/01/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Prof.ssa Piccardo
    25/01/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    24/05/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Prof.ssa Piccardo
    24/05/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    14/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Prof.ssa Piccardo
    14/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    12/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Prof.ssa Piccardo
    12/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    06/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Prof.ssa Piccardo
    06/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale