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PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

CODE 65120
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 9 cfu during the 2nd year of 8455 FILOSOFIA (L-5) - GENOVA
  • 9 cfu during the 3nd year of 8459 STORIA (L-42) - GENOVA
  • 6 cfu during the 2nd year of 8769 INFORMAZIONE ED EDITORIA (LM-19) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR M-FIL/02
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The course is an introduction to the major problems of contemporary philosophy of science. The course will address topics and concepts such as: deduction vs. induction, the problem of confirmation, theory and observation, scientific progress, realism vs. anti-realism, scientific explanation, values and science.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Students will have a critical understanding of relations between philosophy and science in Contemporary Age. Special importance will be placed on classic topics such as: deduction vs. induction, the problem of confirmation, theory and observation, scientific progress, realism vs. anti-realism, scientific explanation, values and science. Students will study the major epistemological trends through specific texts. 

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The aims of this course are: 
    - introducing the conceptual and terminological apparatus needed to analyze philosophical issues about science;
    - setting the metaphysical and epistemological basis to reflect on relevant issues about science;
    - critically analyzing the central issues and problems of the philosophy of science;
    - discussing the main philosophical positions about the nature of science, its structure, and its role within conteporary society.

    At the end of the course, students will be able to:
    - know the basic vocabulary and the main concepts of the discipline;
    - understand, explain, and resume classical and contemporary texts in the philosophy of science;
    - apply the analytical and conceptual tools of the discipline to the discussion of relevant problems regarding the various sciences.​

    PREREQUISITES

    None

    TEACHING METHODS

    Lectures and students' presentations. External scholars could be invited to discuss specific issues.

    Students must register to Aulaweb to obtain relevant teaching material.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    Program for 6 CFU

    The course is an introduction to some general topics of the philosophy of science.

    The first part of the course discusses some classical topics, such as: the distinctive character of scientific activity, the demarcation problem, scientific reasoning, the problem of confirmation, the relationship between theory and observation, alternative conceptions of scientific progress, the debate between reductionism and anti-reductionism, the dispute between realism and anti-realism, the problem of scientific explanation. 

    Program for 9 CFU

    The course is an introduction to some general topics of the philosophy of science.

    The first part of the course discusses some classical topics, such as: the distinctive character of scientific activity, the demarcation problem, scientific reasoning, the problem of confirmation, the relationship between theory and observation, alternative conceptions of scientific progress, the debate between reductionism and anti-reductionism, the dispute between realism and anti-realism, the problem of scientific explanation. 

    The second part of the course examines some contemporary topics, such as: the distinction between cognitive and non-cognitive values, the value-ladeness of the scientific enterprise, feminist and naturalist epistemologies, the relationship between science and democracy. 

     

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    6 cfu

    1) The following volume:
    - P. Godfrey-Smith, Teoria e realtà. Introduzione alla filosofia della scienza, Milano, Cortina, 2022. (or. ed. Theory and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, Un. of Chicago Press, 2003)

    2) One volume among the following:
    - P.K. Feyerabend, Contro il metodo, Milano, Feltrinelli, 1995 (or. ed. Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge, New Left Books, London, 1975).
    - T.S. Kuhn, La struttura delle rivoluzioni scientifiche, Torino, Einaudi, 2009 (or. ed. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1962).
    - I. Lakatos, La metodologia dei programmi di ricerca scientifici, Milano, Saggiatore, 2001 (or. ed. The methodology of scientific research programmes, Cambridge, University Press, Cambridge 1978).
    - K.R. Popper, Logica della scoperta scientifica, Torino, Einaudi, 1998 (or. ed. The Logic of Scientific Discovery, Routledge, London 1959).
    - W.V.O. Quine, Da un punto di vista logico, Milano, Raffaello Cortina, 2004 (or. ed. From a logical point of view, Harward University Press, Cambridge 1980).
    - B.C. van Fraassen, L’immagine scientifica, Bologna, CLUEB, 1985 (or. ed. The Scientific Image, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1980).

    9 cfu

    1) The following volume:
    - P. Godfrey-Smith, Teoria e realtà. Introduzione alla filosofia della scienza, Milano, Cortina, 2022. (or. ed. Theory and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science, Un. of Chicago Press, 2003)

    2) One volume among the following:
    - P.K. Feyerabend, Contro il metodo, Milano, Feltrinelli, 1995 (or. ed. Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge, New Left Books, London, 1975).
    - T.S. Kuhn, La struttura delle rivoluzioni scientifiche, Torino, Einaudi, 2009 (or. ed. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1962).
    - I. Lakatos, La metodologia dei programmi di ricerca scientifici, Milano, Saggiatore, 2001 (or. ed. The methodology of scientific research programmes, Cambridge, University Press, Cambridge 1978).
    - K.R. Popper, Logica della scoperta scientifica, Torino, Einaudi, 1998 (or. ed. The Logic of Scientific Discovery, Routledge, London 1959).
    - W.V.O. Quine, Da un punto di vista logico, Milano, Raffaello Cortina, 2004 (or. ed. From a logical point of view, Harward University Press, Cambridge 1980).
    - B.C. van Fraassen, L’immagine scientifica, Bologna, CLUEB, 1985 (or. ed. The Scientific Image, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1980).

    3) One volume among the following:
    - H. E. Douglas, Science, policy, and the value-free ideal, Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 2009.
    - P. Kitcher, La scienza in una società democratica, Milano, Ariele, 2014 (or. ed. Science in a democratic society, Prometheus Books, New York 2011).
    - H. Longino, Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1990.

    Other relevant readings in English will be proposed to incoming students.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    MARIA CRISTINA AMORETTI (President)

    MARCELLO FRIXIONE

    DAVIDE SERPICO (Substitute)

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    February 2021

     

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    Oral exam (in English upon request)

     

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The oral exam evaluates students' ability to
    - know the basic vocabulary and the main concepts of the discipline;
    - understand, explain, and resume classical and contemporary texts in the philosophy of science;
    - apply the analytical and conceptual tools of the discipline to the discussion of relevant problems regarding sciences.

    The oral exam evaluates students' ability to
    - know the basic vocabulary and the main concepts of the discipline;
    - understand, explain, and resume classical and contemporary texts in the philosophy of science;
    - apply the analytical and conceptual tools of the discipline to the discussion of relevant problems regarding sciences.​

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    20/01/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale Gli esami sono in presenza, come da direttive di Ateneo. L'aula è consultabile su easyacademy.
    03/02/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale Gli esami sono in presenza, come da direttive di Ateneo. L'aula è consultabile su easyacademy.
    12/05/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale Gli esami sono in presenza, come da direttive di Ateneo. L'aula è consultabile su easyacademy.
    26/05/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale Gli esami sono in presenza, come da direttive di Ateneo. L'aula è consultabile su easyacademy.
    16/06/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale Gli esami sono in presenza, come da direttive di Ateneo. L'aula è consultabile su easyacademy.
    30/06/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale Gli esami sono in presenza, come da direttive di Ateneo. L'aula è consultabile su easyacademy.
    08/09/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale Nel caso in cui gli esami siano online, si terranno su Teams, al seguente canale: iolg21b

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    Students of "Informazione ed Editoria" must have the 6 CFU program.