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CHEMISTRY AND INTRODUCTORY BIOCHEMISTRY

CODE 58089
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 6 cfu during the 1st year of 8746 ODONTOIATRIA E PROTESI DENTARIA (LM-46) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/10
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites (for future units)
    This unit is a prerequisite for:
    • School of Dental Medicine 8746 (coorte 2021/2022)
    • DENTAL MATERIALS, DENTAL POLYMERS, AND PROSTHETIC TECHNIQUES 67200
    • BIOCHEMISTRY 62659
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The students attending this class are supposed to learn the main notions of chemistry that are especially important to better understand the functioning of the chemical processes involved in biochemistry. For this reason these basics are usually combined with examples from biological chemistry in order to facilitate the incoming study of biochemistry, physiology, pathology and so on.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    To provide fundamental information on basic chemistry thus giving  important tools  to understand the mechanisms underlying biochemical reactions.

     

     

     

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    To understand the formation of strong and weak bonds that are formed in chemistry as a function of the chemical features of the atoms/molecules involved. To know the chemistry of water for understanding why it is the most important biological solvent. To learn the significance of pH and buffer solutions also from a quantitative point of view. To understand why the 3D structure of a given molecule and its exposed groups are important for reactivity in biological conditions. To learn the basic thermodynamic and kinetics principles for their application in biochemistry. To understand  how the energy exchange underlying all the chemical and biochemical reactions is involved in the processing of biomolecules important for living organisms.

    TEACHING METHODS

    Teacher-led lessons are delivered to stimulate when possible, the interaction teacher-students on the notions just exposed, by resolving examples/exercises both in class and at home. These exercises are aimed to improve the student's sequential learning. The students have to pass an oral examination.

    Lessons, depending on the rules given by the University,  will be held either in presence or online. In this second case,  the lessons will be synchronous and recorded.

     

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    General chemistry: atoms, quantum numbers, electron configuration, Periodic table  and recurring chemical properties. Strong and weak bonds, measure of atomic and molecular weight, quantitative expressions of solute concentration in a solution. Acids and bases and how acid-base chemistry is related to chemical equilibrium, Ionic product of water, pH definition and calculation, buffer solutions. Colligative properties, osmosis and osmolarity. Basic concepts of chemical kinetics. Thermodynamics, free Gibbs energy and coupled reactions. Organic chemistry: carbon hybridization, chirality and other types of isomers. How to calculate the oxidation number of an atom. Hydrocarbons, benzene, alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, and their derivatives: primary chemical reactions including examples concerning important biological molecules (esters, thioesters, acid anhydrides, amides, hemiacetals, acetals). Peptide bond. Resonance structures, keto-enol and enamine-imine tautomerism, aldol condensation and important biochemical examples. Structure of important carbohydrates in living organisms (monosaccharides, disaccharides, starch, cellulose, glycogen). Organic acids and lipids occurring in biological structures (dicarboxylic acids, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, (omega-3, omega-6 nomenclature), phospholipids, sphingolipids, glycolipds, cholesterol, eicosanoids). Amino acids: properties of the different sidechains, ionization state, isoelectric point. Proteins and four levels tridimensional structure. Basic notions of nucleic acids structure.

     

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    General Chemistry: "Chimica" di J.E. Brody e J.R. Holum ed. Zanichelli

    Organic Chemistry: "Chimica organica" di Hart H et al. ed Zanichelli

    Chemistry and propaedeutic biochemistry:" Chimica e propedeutica biochimica" Bettelheim F.A. et al ed. EdiSES

    The students attending this course can also refer to the files of the lessons published on Aulaweb.

    If the lessons will be provided online, then the attending students will have the possibility of download the recorded lessons.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    ROBERTA DE TULLIO (President)

    MONICA AVERNA

    LESSONS

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    Oral examination including also brief written exercises and examples of organic molecules having biological interest.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The oral examination has a duration of  20-30 minutes and consists generally  of three main questions. The first one concerns general chemistry, the second organic chemistry and the third propaedeutic biochemistry. 

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    20/01/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale L'esame sarà di tipo orale e si terrà in presenza salvo diverse disposizioni da parte dell'Ateneo
    15/02/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale L'esame sarà di tipo orale e si terrà in presenza salvo diverse disposizioni da parte dell'Ateneo
    08/06/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale L'esame sarà di tipo orale e si terrà in presenza salvo diverse disposizioni da parte dell'Ateneo
    22/06/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale L'esame sarà di tipo orale e si terrà in presenza salvo diverse disposizioni da parte dell'Ateneo
    12/07/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale L'esame sarà di tipo orale e si terrà in presenza salvo diverse disposizioni da parte dell'Ateneo
    14/09/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale L'esame sarà di tipo orale e si terrà in presenza salvo diverse disposizioni da parte dell'Ateneo