|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||BIO/16|
Prerequisites (for future units)
The teaching of Human Anatomy (10 CFU, 100 hours) takes place in the second half of the first year of the degree course in Dentistry and Dental Prosthetics. The topics deal with concern of all the systems and apparatuses of the human body with particular attention to the articular, muscular, skeletal, vascular and nervous structures that generate the stomatognathic apparatus. The topics are presented in a systematic way, but the course provides an introduction to regional anatomy and the topographical context of the anatomical structures described is also presented.
The aim of the teaching in Anatomy is for the student to acquire knowledge in normal anatomical structures of the body and its various tissue and organ systems. After the completion of the course the student should be able to describe the normal structures of the body at tissue- and organ level, the normal anatomy of the head and neck as well as adjacent areas, the nerve supply of teeth in detail as the basis for the safe administration of local infiltration anaesthesia, the normal structures of dental and oral tissues, the normal morphology of the human teeth, the normal development of teeth, their eruption and exfoliation. The understanding of the issues discussed during the lectures should allow the students to deepen specific issues autonomously.
The teaching activity is organised in lectures. During these lectures all the issues the student has to know for the final exam will be explained and discussed with the help of visual aids.
Introduction to the study of anatomy: anatomical terminology
Position and movement
Bones of the head: bones of the neurocranium, bones of the viscera, cavities common to the neurocranium and the viscera, craniofacial growth
Articulations: General, classification of synaarthrosis and diarthrosis.
Head and spine joints
Muscles: General, head muscles, neck muscles.
Cardiocirculatory system: heart, pericardium, innervation of heart, aorta and its branches, hollow vein system, azigos vein system, portal vein system, main lymphatic ducts, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow, head and neck lymph nodes.
Stomatognathic: organization, morphology, structur and topographical characteristics of the mouth, lips, cheeks, vestibule of the mouth, floor of the mouth, hard palate, soft palate, tongue, salivary glands, dental gums, temporomandibular articulation and chewing muscles. Morphological characteristics of deciduous and permanent teeth, structure of the periodontium, and of the tissues forming the tooth with reference to the way in which the tooth forms (ontogenesis).
Digestive system: organization, morphology, structur and topographical characteristics of the isthmus of the jaws, oesophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, glands attached to the digestive system, peritoneum.
Respiratory system: organization, morphology, structur and topographical characteristics of nasal cavities, larynx, trachea and bronchi, lungs and pleuras
Urinary system: organization, morphology, structur and topographical characteristics of kidneys and urinary tract.
Male genital system: organization, morphology, structur and topographical characteristics of the testicle, sperm pathways, annexed glands
the male genital apparatus.
Female genital system: organisational, morphological, structural and topographical characteristics of the ovary, female genital pathways.
Endocrine system: organization, morphology, structur and topographical characteristics of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, surrene, endocrine pancreas.
Nervous system: general organisation and structural characteristics of the central nervous system with reference to spinal cord, brainstem, quadrigeminal lamina, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon, cortical areas. Organization of sensitivity and motor pathways.
General organization of spinal and encephalic nerves with deepening of trigeminal, facial, glossopharyngeal, vague, hypoglossal nerves characters.
Anatomia Umana (Anastasi –edi-Ermes)
Anatomia funzionale e clinica dello splancnocranio (Luciano Fonzi – edi-Ermes)
SILVIA BRUNO (President)
FRANCO FAIS (President)
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.