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DENTAL MATERIALS, DENTAL POLYMERS, AND PROSTHETIC TECHNIQUES

CODE 67200
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS 16 credits during the 3nd year of 8746 School of Dental Medicine (LM-46) GENOVA
TEACHING LOCATION GENOVA (School of Dental Medicine)
PREREQUISITES
Prerequisites
You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
  • School of Dental Medicine 8746 (coorte 2019/2020)
  • CHEMISTRY AND INTRODUCTORY BIOCHEMISTRY 58089
Prerequisites (for future units)
This unit is a prerequisite for:
  • School of Dental Medicine 8746 (coorte 2019/2020)
  • ODONTOSTOMATOLOGICAL DISCIPLINES I 67236
MODULES This unit is composed by:
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

 

The integrated course includes basic disciplines that provide students with the skills necessary for clinical practice, communication with the patient, the definition of the diagnosis and the choice of the most appropriate therapy, using cutting-edge dental materials.

 

AIMS AND CONTENT

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

 

 

 

The theoretical module on Materials deals with the chemical-physical characteristics of many polymers, in solid phase and in solution, with particular attention to those used in the medical and, above all, dental fields. The clinical-application module of Dental Materials explains the main characteristics of the materials used in the dental field, how to recognize them and how to use them correctly. The Prosthetic Technologies module provides the knowledge necessary to correctly create both mobile and fixed prostheses. The English 3 module of Prof. Carlo Pesce concerns the clinical aspects of the medical and dental profession: interview with the patient and history collection, objective examination and specific terminology of different specialties.

TEACHING METHODS

Teaching methods: 

 

Formal lectures and practical sessions. Course layout is discussed and agreed upon with the students during the first meeting.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

SYLLABUS

 

MATERIALS (Grossi) 
The main topics covered include the following: (a) solid state polymers with their classification, natural sources or synthetic production, characterization of their chemical-physical properties (molecular weight, glass transition and tensile strength, plasticization and crystallization phenomenon, classification according to on the cohesive forces in the chain); (b) polymers in solution (behavior of polymer molecules in solution, study of the thermodynamics of polymer solutions); and (c) polymeric materials used in dentistry (for prostheses, fillings, impressions, and threads for sutures).

 
DENTAL MATERIALS (Pin)
 Introduction to the course. Dental materials: what they are, their use and their handling. Dental materials: their relationship between with possible biointegration. Classification of Dental Materials by (1) type (laboratory, clinical and clinical-dental technicians); (2) chemical composition; and (3) clinical use. Properties of Dental Materials: physical, chemical, biological, technological, thermal, electrical, and optical.
Plasters: chemistry, training up to products for dental use, uses and commercial compositions, their correct use. Casting coating. Waxes: chemistry, difference between plastic and rigid products, production from animal, vegetable and mineral precursors for dental use, classification according to usage, adoption of commercial products, and their correct handling. Amalgams: history and usage of a disappearing material: the legislature, its origin, chemistry, metallic classification, biocompatibility and possible galvanic effect. How it is handled and used in Dentistry.
Alloys: the great field of metals: chemistry and inclusion in the periodic table of elements, general information, differences and technical characteristics with the study of the crystal lattices of different metals and their transformations. Classification for dental use, dental technician and classification for physical characteristics. Titanium.Definition of crown, bridge, structure, adequate terminology and diversification of metals for ceramic and resin coating. Thicknesses calculation for a prosthetic product. Skeletons: definition, classification and nomenclature, with practical examples.
The "lost wax" technique. Synthetic polymers: The chemistry and the inclusion of the main components in the periodic table, definition, polymerization, their uses in the dental field and subdivision. Introduction to acrylic resins. Impression materials: classification and dental use.
Resins: chemistry, classification, how they are handled in the direct and indirect technique. Their characteristics related to appropriate metals. The sealants. The substrates. Resinous and composite cements. Ceramics: chemical nature, classification of ceramics, sintering, feldspathic ceramics and variants of new generation ceramics. The zirconia structures, the oxidation phenomenon, handling and management of chromatic characteristics. Luting cements, glass ionomers, surgical cements, endodontic cements.

 
PROSTHETIC TECHNOLOGIES (Baldi)
Introduction to the prosthesis: fixed, mobile, fixed-mobile. The execution:  Design, Execution procedures. Pre-prosthetic evaluation. Definition of chewing and its affecting factors. Fixed Prosthesis: design, clinical crown, dental relationship between the arches, occlusion, mandibular-cranial relationship: Vertical Dimension (VD) at rest, VD at occlusion, free space at rest, minimal phonetic space. Defects and excesses in the VD. Horizontal dimension: mandibular-cranial relationship, central position, maximum interdental space, central occlusion, central relationship. Techniques for recording inter-arch relationships: Dowson, chin point, swallowing or free closure. De-connecting techniques. Analysis and evaluation of clinical cases
Introduction to impressions (through lectures and practical sessions); alginates and how they must be treated to obtain the plaster model (practical sessions). Study models and diagnostic wax-ups. Joint analysis. Occluders, articulators and profile determinants. Analysis of the different types of dental preparation. Impression taking and working models.  Production of different prosthetic crowns. Recording the definitive fingerprints (analog and digital)
Model casting. The unitary removable models.  The muffle. Wax and its use in dentistry. Mobile Prosthesis:  Features, impression taking, the wall in wax, the tooth test, the finished work. The skeletons: definition, technical terminology and classification, modeling, the merger, the finishing.

 
Medical English (Pesce)

 

Patient-Doctor Interaction, Clinical History, Physical Examination and chief concern definition.  Pneumology and Cardiology.  Musculoskeletal Disorders and Rehabilitation. Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diet.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Recommended reading: 

Teaching material including Powerpoint series and videos freely available on Aulaweb. During the lessons, students' learning assessment sessions are held for dialogue and response on their requests for clarification or specific area amplification for Dental Materials. For the prosthetic technologies module, the student has the freedom to choose updated and specific texts. All the material (PPT and video) presented in class is available as well as a syllabus prepared by the teacher. For English 3, Carlo Pesce, Medical English, Zanichelli, 2020.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

DOMENICO BALDI (President)

CORRADO CAMERONI (President)

GIANCARLO GROSSI (President)

DANIELE PIN (President)

CARLO PESCE (President and Coordinator of Integrated Course)

LESSONS

LESSONS START

Lessons start:
September 2022.

EXAMS

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
21/04/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
22/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
05/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
22/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
12/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
23/01/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
20/02/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale