|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||ICAR/21|
The course analyzes the processes at the origins of the urban fact under its multiple declinations (the urbanization process) and the tools for its formation and transformation (the urban planning and the construction / transformation tools of the city).
The detailed training objectives refer to the following skills that the student will have to acquire:
• Interpret and analyze cities, urban and territorial systems at different scales and according to multi-disciplinary approaches (taking into account that urban planning is formed at the confluence of many disciplines: urban geography, urban and regional economics, sociology, political science, archeology, anthropology, statistics, demography as well as of course architecture).
• Acquire analytical skills in relation to the processes of formation and transformation of cities and urban and metropolitan regions through the historical reconstruction of the social, economic and technological conditions that are at the basis of the urban phenomenon.
• Master the structural mechanisms of urban and territorial plans through the knowledge of their historical evolution from the nineteenth century to today.
• Know the technical methods and understand the formal languages used by the plans to represent the structures of cities and territories and govern their transformations.
• Interpret the design value of the normative structures, drawn and written, through which the plans regulate the transformations of the city and the territory and know how to apply them in a responsible and conscious way.
The course does not include specific prerequisites, but the knowledge of the basic elements of mathematics, history of architecture and project theories is required.
The course includes lectures for the treatment of basic theoretical-methodological topics, seminar meetings, group discussions, educational trips, inspections in the Genoese urban context and, where possible, in other significant urban places.
A. Urbanization, cities and territories from modernity to the present day
Industrialization and urbanization - Economic cycles (social and institutional) and urbanization processes - From the modern city to the industrial city and to the metropolis, to the megalopolis - Post-urban scenarios: planetary urbanization - The challenges: climate change, demographic transition, globalization , sustainability
B. Origins and development of modern town planning
The first phase: urban planning and the first industrial city: references, plans and interventions - The second phase: the mature industrial city (utopias, models and achievements of the Modern Movement)
C. Urban planning in Italy, in Europe and in the world: models and practices
The planning system in Italy: actors, tools, processes, themes from the post-war period to today - The structural planning model - The strategic planning model - The environmental theme and planning models for sustainability - Plans and projects in Europe - The States United - Globalization and prospects for the new Millennium - Places: Paris - London - New York - Chicago - Milan - Rome
E. Elements of urban planning technique
The "Techniques" of urban planning: Zoning - Indices and parameters - Design and control of the urban form - Spatial Economies (rent and localization) - Regional planning - Sizing and urban welfare - Intervention on the existing: from reuse to urban regeneration - Sustainability, resilience and ecosystem services. Spatial-thematic areas: urban infrastructure networks, residential and public housing, urban green areas, the governance of agricultural and extra-urban areas - Historic centers
Gabellini, P. (2001); (ristampato 2010), Tecniche urbanistiche, Roma: Carocci.
Gaeta L., Janin Rivolin U., Mazza L. (2017 nuova edizione), Governo del territorio e pianificazione spaziale, Milano: Città Studi.
Cassetti R., Paolillo P.L. (2016), Urbanistica in Transizione. Principi e metodi, Milano, Mimesis.
Selicato F., Rotondo F. (2009), Progettazione urbanistica: teorie e tecniche, Milano, McGraw Hill.
Urban planning handbooks
Calabi, D. (2004), Storia dell’urbanistica europea, Milano: Mondatori.
Spagnoli L. (2008), Storia dell’urbanistica moderna, Bologna: Zanichelli (vol.II).
Essays on urbanization Process
Balducci A., Fedeli V. (2017), Oltre la metropoli. L’urbanizzazione regionale in Italia, Milano: Guerini & Associati.
Brenner N. (2016), Stato, spazio, urbanizzazione, Milano: Guerini & Associati.
Indovina F. (2017), Ordine e disordine nella città contemporanea, Milano: Franco Angeli.
Indovina F. (2017), La metropoli europea: una prospettiva, Milano: Franco Angeli.
Pileri P., Granata E. (2012), Amor loci. Suolo, ambiente, cultura civile, Milano: Cortina
Secchi B. (2005), La città del XX secolo, Roma-Bari: Laterza.
Italian Urban planning
Bonfantini B., 2017, Dentro l’urbanistica. Milano: Franco Angeli.
Campos Venuti G. (2010), Città senza cultura. Intervista sull’urbanistica, Roma-Bari, Laterza.
Lanzani A. (2015), Città territorio urbanistica tra crisi e contrazione, Milano: Franco Angeli.
Magnaghi A. (2010), Il progetto locale. Verso la coscienza di luogo, Torino, Bollati Boringhieri.
Mazza L., (2016), Spazio e cittadinanza. Politica e governo del territorio, Roma: Donzelli.
Salzano E. (2003), Fondamenti di urbanistica, Roma-Bari: Laterza.
Secchi B. (2000), Prima lezione di urbanistica, Bari-Roma, Laterza.
Office hours: Monday from 14.30 to 18.30 by email appointment.
GIAMPIERO LOMBARDINI (President)
ANDREA VERGANO (President Substitute)
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
The exam will conclude with an oral discussion on the results of the reading sheets and the topics covered in class.
Elaboration and discussion of critical reading sheets
Oral interview on the topics of the program.