|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||SECS-P/02|
Choices in the health field are today more and more difficult. On the one hand, the progress of research in the medical field is able to increase survival and quality of life, but at the same time there is also an increase of inequality among people. Health policy should choose how to allocate resources at best reconciling individual and social interest.
The course is aimed at deepening the understanding of the principles of economic policy in the health sector with particular reference to concrete cases designed to evaluate the introduction of new technologies and the impact of certain instruments of health policy (different modes of remuneration of regulators, rules for the allocation and cost standard mode of co-payment) In details: 1. Methods for the economic analysis of health care systems 2. Socio-economic conditions and deprivation 3. Allocative efficiency, cost-benefit analysis, Health Technology Assessment 4. Production efficiency, analysis of the production costs. Care pathways. 5. Individual and collective choices (demand vs need, public financing vs. public production 6. Financing and standard cost; monitoring assistance levels 7. Parametric and non parametric model to assess efficiency (Data Envelopment Model) 8. Method for economic evaluation in health care 9. Remuneration of health care providers
The course aims to take up some of the basic concepts of economics to apply them to health systems, where decisions are particularly hard from an economic point of view. Economic analysis in the health field provides additional elements to politicians to choose followint criteria of efficiency, equity and appropriateness.
At the end of the lessons the students will be able to:
It is recommended to have some knowledge of Microconomics and Macroeconomics topics (demand, market, production, public goods and externalities, gross national product, public expenditure)
An active frequency is required to take advantage of all participatory educational initiatives that will be implemented. In particular, laboratories will be held with the use of clickers and economic assessments will be carried out on concrete cases in the computer lab using simple applications on xls.
An alternative teaching amethod and program for non attending students is foreseen which provides online lessons accessible through aulaweb, the e-learning platform of the University
The 6 credits program includes the first 6 points; The 9 credits program include all the 9 points
Material will be distributed and suggested during the lessons
For non-attending students, it is mandatory to check aulaweb regularly in order to utilize all e-learning tools provided by the teacher: on line lessons, slides, papers to read, link to Department Library, discussion forum.
ANGELA TESTI (President)
Written exam (open questions).
For attending students there are also applications of simple evaluation software in the computer room and the presentation of group research work.Active participation in the laboratories contributes to the final evaluation
Question requiring to give definitions are proposed to verify knowledge and understanding. Question about interpretation of some document and reports are proposed to verify the ability to apply knowledge and understanding.
Simple exercises are proposed to verify the ability to use the knowledge acquired with autonomous evaluation skills with reference to applied case studies
The course gives 9 CFU, but a part of the course can be included in the study plan as a chosen activity giving 6 CFU.
It is strongly recommended to have already passed the Microeconomics and Macroeconomics exams.
The following skills are provided:
Knowledge and understanding. Students must be able to understand and describe health systems at the macro and microeconomic levels
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding. Students must be able:
-to apply the knowledge acquired to read and discuss documents and data produced by the main national and international institutional authorities;
-to develop simple economic evaluations (indicators, cost effectiveness analysis, measurement of production efficiency)
Making judgments Students must know
-how to use the knowledge acquired with autonomous evaluation skills with reference to applied cases, both on a conceptual and operational level.
-how to choose reliable information sources to obtain data to evaluate specific contexts.
Communication skills Students must acquire the typical technical language of health economics in order to communicate clearly and unambiguously with specialist interlocutors (managers, professionals etc).