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FROM THE ANALYSIS OF HISTOLOGICAL SAMPLES TO THE SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS

CODE 105106
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS 4 credits during the 3nd year of 8756 Biotechnology (L-2) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/17
LANGUAGE Italian (English on demand)
TEACHING LOCATION GENOVA (Biotechnology)
SEMESTER 2° Semester
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

Histology is focused on  solid and liquid tissues. These tissues require different methodologies capable of characterizing the sample for the expression and function of different molecules. Appropriate statistical analyzes allow the comparison of histological characteristics between groups of samples allowing to derive meaningful information. The course aims to describe the methodological path leading from the histological sample to the scientific publication.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The main purpose of the theoretical part of this teaching is to provide students with criteria for a a correct selection of histological samples, knowledge of the most useful methodologies for the analysis of different samples and more informative statistical tests. The practical lessons aim to provide students with skills for: i) the isolation and preparation of histological samples that can be analyzed by microscopy or flow cytometry ii) the acquisition of analytical data ii) the analysis of data and the evaluation of their biological significance iii ) the organization and preliminary drafting of a scientific article

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Attendance and active participation in the proposed training activities (lectures and practical lessons) and individual study will allow the student to:
- know the characteristics of the scientific method
- know the different possible methodological approaches for sample collection (solid, liquid)
- being able to evaluate the suitability of the sample taking into account its histological characteristics
- knowing how to evaluate the suitability of the case studies considering the objective of the study
- to know in detail the methodological approaches for the processing of ex vivo samples derived from solid or liquid tissues
-knowing in detail the techniques for isolating particular cell types from ex vivo samples derived from solid or liquid tissues and being able to evaluate the effectiveness of the various isolation methods
- to know in detail the different methods of preparation and analysis of ex vivo samples, derived from solid or liquid tissues, for microscopy analysis (optical, confocal, electronic) and flow cytometry; know the merits and limits of the various applicable methodologies
- to know other methodologies (i.e imaging) useful for the phenotypic and functional study of cells derived from ex-vivo samples, derived from solid or liquid tissues
- to know other in vitro (3D) and in vivo (animal models) tissue study models for the consolidation of the experimental, biological and clinical significance.
-know how to organize and present the results of a possible research for the purpose of its publication in scientific journals

PREREQUISITES

To effectively address the teaching contents, knowledge of cytology and histology is required

TEACHING METHODS

The teaching consists of lectures and practical lessons

SYLLABUS/CONTENT


 
1) Introduction to the scientific method (lectures)
2) Introduction to methodological approaches for the study of biological material from healthy donors and patients. Suitability of the sample and case studies (frontal and practical lessons)
3) Preparation and observation of histological samples by microscopy and flow cytometry: comparison techniques (practical lessons)
4) Methodological approaches for sample processing and isolation of tissue cells from ex-vivo samples. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the various insulation methods (practical lessons)
5) Experimental assays useful for the phenotypic and functional study of tissue cells from ex vivo samples (practical lessons)
6) Sample analysis and data collection (practical lessons)
7) Data validation (lectures and practical lessons) and interpretation of data (lectures)
8) Meaning, scientific impact and clinical impact (lectures)
9) Organization and presentation of results aimed at drafting a scientific publication (lectures)

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

All the slides used during the lessons and other teaching material will be available on aulaweb. In general, the notes taken during the lessons and the material on aulaweb are sufficient for the preparation of the exam.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

ROBERTA CASTRICONI (President)

EMANUELA MARCENARO (President)

MARIELLA DELLA CHIESA

ALESSANDRA DONDERO

SILVIA PESCE

LESSONS

TEACHING METHODS

The teaching consists of lectures and practical lessons

LESSONS START

Second semester

Class schedule

All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

The exam consists of an oral exam in which a written paper carried out by the students will be discussed independently based on the teacher's trace and aimed at drafting parts of a possible scientific manuscript.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

The exam will verify the real acquisition by the student of the ability to process and discuss a presentation in digital format. This presentation must describe the methodological path that can be used for the analysis of a specific histological sample based on the knowledge acquired during the course.
It is possible that emergency situations prevent the examination in presence. In this case, the examination procedures will be the same but the Teams IT platform will be used.