|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||FIS/03|
"Elementi e Applicazioni di Fisica Moderna" (EAFM, code 90693) is a 7 credits worth class held during the second semester of the First year of the "Laurea Magistrale". Lectures are held in Italian. Study material for subscribing students can be found on the AulaWeb website.
The course provides a basic knowledge on several topics concerning modern physics, with a particular emphasis on quantum mechanics and some topics of special relativity. The aim is stimulating interest and comprehension of several physical phenomena related to these topics and to highlight important applications, especially in the field of the structure of matter.
The student should acquire a knowledge of the fundamental quantum and relativistic phenomena and their role in shaping the principal physical and chemical phenomena (e.g. the electronic structer of atoms) as well as how general purpose devices (such as lasers), innovative technologies (such as the GPS) and even advanced instrumentation (such as electron microscopes) work.
Traditional: oral lectures and examples worked out by teachers.
2.2 Wave-matter dualism for matter
Atomic phenomena: emission spectra and the Bohr model
The De Broglie hypothesis
Interference effects among particles
The Heisenberg uncertainty principle and wave packets
2.3 The Schroedinger equation
Stationary and time-dependent equation
Probabilistic interpretation of the wave function
Particle in a box
Application: scanning tunnel microscope and atomic force microscope
2.4 Atomic models and particle statistics
Hydrogen atom, spin, statistics
The Pauli exclusion principle
Fermi and Bose statistics
Application: quantum dot
2.5 Crystals and latice structures
Diffraction from crystals
Basic concepts about band theory
Metals and insulators
Basic concepts on semiconcuctor-based devices
K. S. Krane "Modern Physics, 3rd edition" (Wiley)
V. A. Ugarov "Special Relativity" (MIR)
Office hours: By appointment, either by internal phone/email, or after classes.
MAURA SASSETTI (President)
FABIO CAVALIERE (President Substitute)
GIOVANNI RIDOLFI (Substitute)
The class will start according to the lecturing calendar approved by the "Consiglio di Corso di Studi".
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
The oral examination will allow to assess the knowledge of the fundamental quantum and relativistic phenomena and the ability to identify their role in the explanation of natural phenomena and of the working principles of devices and technologies as discussed in the course.