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INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES

CODE 65858
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 6 cfu during the 2nd year of 9269 INGEGNERIA MECCANICA - PROGETTAZIONE E PRODUZIONE(LM-33) - GENOVA
  • 6 cfu during the 1st year of 9270 INGEGNERIA MECCANICA - ENERGIA E AERONAUTICA(LM-33) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR ING-IND/08
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The course deals with the most relevant topics relating to reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (ICE).

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The aim of the course is to provide an adequate qualification in the field of reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (ICE), deepening some of the most important topics with special reference to the automotive application. The main topics of the course are: engine part load operation (referring to both conventional and innovative regulating systems), operational aspects of ICE, electronic engine control, supercharging and turbocharging, ICE exhaust emissions control and after treatment.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    At the end of the course the student will acquire specialist knowledge on some aspects of current relevance for the development of alternative internal combustion engines, with particular reference to the road traction. The student will therefore be able to handle complex issues related to the design, management and control of the main systems and devices of modern automotive ICE.

    TEACHING METHODS

    Lectures, practice and laboratory.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    A. Lectures

    • Real cycle and operational aspects of ICE – Real cycles of SI and diesel engines: analysis of loss contributions - ICE energy balance - Fuel supply circuits of SI and diesel engines.  
    • Engine part load operation – Control engine parameters – Constant speed and constant load curves, engine performance maps – Part load operation of spark ignition and diesel engines – Analysis of engine performance and fuel consumption at different speed and load levels – Road vehicle performance simulation – Engine downsizing – Introduction to innovative engine regulating systems.
    • Electronic engine control – General aspects on ICE control – Layout and components of ICE electronic control systems: sensors, ECU, actuators – Open and closed loop control - Components and operation of the main electronic control systems in automotive SI and Diesel engines.
    • Supercharging and turbocharging – Engine-compressor matching in mechanical supercharging and turbocharging - Determination of turbocharger operating conditions – Constant pressure and pulse turbocharging: quantitative considerations, energy aspects, engine exhaust circuit design – Transient response, torque characteristic curves of supercharged and turbocharged engines – Turbocharger control systems (waste-gate valve, variable geometry turbine) – Design aspects of exhaust turbochargers - Alternative charging systems.

    B. Practice

    • Test bench measurements on an automotive engine.
    • Measurement of a turbocharger performance maps.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    • M. Capobianco - “Motori a combustione interna” – Notes to the course (in Italian)
    • G. Ferrari -  "Motori a combustione interna" - Esculapio, 2016.
    • J.B. Heywood -  "Internal Combustion Engine Fundamentals" - Mc. Grow-Hill, 1988.
    • K. Zinner -  "Supercharging of Internal  Combustion  Engines" - Springer Verlag, 1977.
    • N. Watson, M.S. Janota – “Turbocharging the Internal Combustion Engine” – MacMillan Press Ltd, 1982.
    • AA.VV. – “Bosch Automotive Handbook” – 7th Edition, Robert Bosch GmbH, 2007.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    MASSIMO CAPOBIANCO (President)

    DARIO BARSI

    MATTEO DELLACASAGRANDE

    MATTEO LUZZI

    SILVIA MARELLI

    FRANCESCA SATTA

    DANIELE SIMONI

    VITTORIO USAI

    GIORGIO ZAMBONI

    ANDREA CATTANEI (President Substitute)

    DAVIDE LENGANI (President Substitute)

    PIETRO ZUNINO (President Substitute)

    LESSONS

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    Oral exam on the topics covered in the lectures and exercises.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The oral examination will be focused on the topics treated during the lessons and will be aimed at evaluating not only the fulfilment of an adequate knowledge level, but also the acquisition of critical analysis skills on the topics of the exam and the aptitude of correlation of different topics.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    20/12/2021 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    11/01/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    14/02/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    17/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    11/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    06/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    Pre-requisites:

    - Basic thermodynamic and fluid dynamics knowledge.

    - Basic knowledge on ICE: ICE classification, components and nomenclature, main operational parameters – Ideal and real operation of 2 and 4 stroke engines – Indicated diagrams, indicated and brake mean effective pressure, engine power correlations. Reference thermodynamic cycles for SI and diesel engines - Combustion processes in SI and diesel engines.  ICE pollutant emissions, emission control systems and aftertreatment devices for SI and diesel engines.