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FUNDAMENTALS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROCESSES

CODICE 98066
ANNO ACCADEMICO 2021/2022
CFU
  • 5 cfu al 1° anno di 10720 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (LM-35) - GENOVA
  • SETTORE SCIENTIFICO DISCIPLINARE ING-IND/24
    SEDE
  • GENOVA
  • PERIODO 1° Semestre
    MODULI Questo insegnamento è un modulo di:
    MATERIALE DIDATTICO AULAWEB

    PRESENTAZIONE

    OBIETTIVI E CONTENUTI

    OBIETTIVI FORMATIVI

    The course provides the basic knowledge of material balances and phase equilibria in multicomponent and multi-reacting systems, useful for modelling environmental compartments and environmental interfaces. Applications are related to health risk assessment, environmental contamination and processes for the treatment of chemical pollutants

    OBIETTIVI FORMATIVI (DETTAGLIO) E RISULTATI DI APPRENDIMENTO

    The purpose of this course is the application of basic principles and methods for modelling environmental processes, in order to solve simple problems related to the assessment of environmental contamination and health risk. Applications are about the reaction of chemicals in mixed and segregated volumes, repartition of pollutants into soil and groundwater, evaporation of liquid spills, filling /discharging of environmental compartments. Some basic concepts about health risk assessment are also given.

    Attendance and active participation in the proposed training activities (lectures, exercises) and individual study will allow the student to:

    - write mass and energy balances for reacting systems at macroscopic scale and apply them to environmental systems and processes;

    - write constitutive equations for thermodynamic equilibrium and chemical kinetics and apply them to environmental systems and processes;

    - Solve simple dynamic problems on environmental reacting systems  and processes.

    MODALITA' DIDATTICHE

    The course provides lectures (with the help of slides provided by the teacher) and exercises/ group activity.

    Theoretical contents alternate exercises and case studies  aimed at encouraging the learning and discussion of specific problems involving the analysis of different approaches.

    Transversal competences as autonomy of judgment will be acquired during the solution of the case studies, to be carried out in a group, communication skills will be acquired during the discussion of case studies and oral examination.

    The course is on-line, using the Teams platform, or in mixed teaching modality. Lectures are recorded and available to the students. Work groups are created on Teams platform and case studies are discussed individually with each group.

    PROGRAMMA/CONTENUTO

    1. Introduction and definitions (5 hours)
    • Main chemical-physical quantities and their units.
    • Closed and open Environmental Systems (ES). Definition of the control volume and its boundaries.
    • Physically based (mechanistic) models and phenomenological models.
    • Scales of representation.
    • Static and dynamic ES. Environmental Compartments (EC) and Environmental Interfaces (EI).
    1. Constitutive equations (10 hours)
    • Recalls on the first and second law of thermodynamics
    • Chemical and phase equilibrium
    • Chemical kinetics in homogeneous and heterogeneous ES.
    • Chemical potential. G-L equilibrium. Raoult and Henry laws. L-L, L-S, G-S equilibrium.  Partition coefficients. Fugacity based models.
    • Exercises and applications
    1. Mass and energy balances for reacting ES (15 hours)
    • Macroscopic scale: Filling, discharging, mixing, heating of reacting ES.
    • Exercises and applications
    1. Assessment of contamination and Environmental Risk (5 hours)
    • Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) and Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA).
    • The main four steps of Environmental Risk Assessment.
    • Definitions of sources, receptors, pathways, exposition routes and effects.
    • Definition of Reference Dose and Slope factor;
    • Hazard Index (HI), Hazard Quotient (HQ), Cancer Risk (CR)
    1. Case studies (15 hours)
    • Mixing of reacting chemicals in gas /liquid phase (macroscopic scale: dynamic models)
    • Liquid spill of H-C in seawater/soil (phase equilibrium)
    • Study of a chemical process: optimizing yield and  reducing pollution (mass and energy balances, reaction networks)

    TESTI/BIBLIOGRAFIA

    Course handouts and slides supplied by the teacher (full bibliography is also contained).

    R. Byron Bird, Warren E. Stewart, Edwin N. Lightfoot, “Transport Phenomena”, John Wiley & Sons, 2006.

    R.H. Perry, D.W. Green, “Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ handbook” VIII ed., Mc Graw Hill 2008.

    M.C. Annesini, “Fenomeni di trasporto. Fondamenti e applicazioni”, Edizioni Hoepli.

    Kalliat T. Valsaraj, “Elements of Environmental Engineering Thermodynamics and Kinetics”, Lewis Publishers, Washington 2000.

    O. Paladino, G. Hodaifa, M. Neviani, M. Seyedsalehi, A. Malvis , “Modelling in Environmental Interfaces”, in Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science, Vol. 30 1st Edition, G. Kyzas and A. Mitropoulos Eds, Academic Press, 2019.

    DOCENTI E COMMISSIONI

    Commissione d'esame

    OMBRETTA PALADINO (Presidente)

    BARBARA BOSIO

    MARCO PANIZZA

    ELISABETTA FINOCCHIO (Presidente Supplente)

    LEZIONI

    Orari delle lezioni

    L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

    ESAMI

    MODALITA' D'ESAME

    Written exercise: a real problem about a simple environmental process (contamination by chemicals).

    Oral examination: questions about about theory.

    MODALITA' DI ACCERTAMENTO

    Written exercise: it is used to evaluate the ability of the students to apply theory in order to assess contamination / risk at screening level  (with different types of simple models).

    Oral examination: it is used to evaluate the contribute of each student inside the team work and her/his capability to apply theory.

    Calendario appelli

    Data Ora Luogo Tipologia Note
    13/01/2022 11:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    27/01/2022 11:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    10/02/2022 11:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    09/06/2022 11:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale