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Technical Directions.

Steps of preparation

Preparation of the paper consists of several steps:

  1. Request to the reference lecturer and definition of the topic:
    you must contact the lecturer of your chosen topic always keeping in mind the deadline for registration for the final exam

  2. Online application confirmation:
    you can only register if there are no exams owed

  3. Bibliographical research and study of the topic:
    based on the directions agreed with your lecturer, you will need to delve into your chosen topic

  4. Writing the table of contents:
    after retrieving and studying the material you need to structure an outline outline to discuss with the lecturer

  5. Writing the text:
    after approval of the table of contents you must:
    • proceed with the drafting of your paper (between 30 and 70 pages)
    • read and possibly complete the bibliographical research
    • take special care to ensure that the text is correct in Italian.


Structure of the paper

Here are some broad guidelines:

  • frontispiece: we recommend that you use this template
  • index: it can be two-level (chapters and paragraphs) or three-level (with added sub-paragraphs) and should immediately bring out the content and logical consequentiality of your paper
  • abstract (in Italian and English):
    • must be between 150 and 200 words
    • explain the subject of the paper
    • clarify the rationale behind the choice of topic
    • describe briefly the research method followed and the results obtained
  • chapters: use short periods, use the impersonal form and rich vocabulary, and explain any new concepts or terms
  • conclusions: should be clear and concise, summarize the acquisitions developed in the course of the work, and hint at future developments in the topic



In order to write your paper correctly, format the text following these standards:

  • use the frontispiece as the first page
  • margins: right and left, bottom and top 3 cm
  • text alignment: justified
  • page numbers: bottom right
  • text format:
    • Times New Roman 12
    • line spacing 1.5
    • first line indent 1 cm
  • footnote format:
    • Times New Roman 10
    • single line spacing
    • no indentation
  • format of bibliography:
    • Times New Roman 12 font
    • single line spacing
    • indent 1 cm overhang
  • character: bold only for chapter headings, paragraphs, sub-paragraphs, and for numbers and captioning of charts and tables
  • numbers: Roman numerals for chapters and Arabic numerals for paragraphs and sub-paragraphs
  • notes: at the end of the page and not at the end of the chapter, with numbering starting from 1 in each new chapter

Graphs and tables

Charts and tables within the paper should:

  • be named with a title at the top
  • be marked with a sequential number from which one can understand the location within the different chapters
    For example: Tab. 2.3 (the third chart of ch. 2), Graph 5.1 (the first graph of ch. 5), Fig. 1.1 (the first figure of ch. 1)
  • report the source indication at the bottom unless they are graphs and tables that you have personally prepared
    For example: Source: Istat, 2003: p. 235


With regard to citations you must keep in mind that:

  • in the body of the text, sources must be cited with the citation, in parentheses, of the author's last name and the year of publication
    Example: Income is understood as a change in the wealth conferred by the owners, caused by the conduct of business management (Zappa, 1951)
  • If you have to quote a short passage literally, put it in quotation marks and indicate the page from which it was taken
    Example: It seems useful to recall what Torre (2002: p. 93) argues: "an effective implementation of flexibility etc."
  • justify literal quotations only in cases where it is really necessary to recall a thought in its original formulation or when you want to give special emphasis to a certain statement


At the end of the thesis you should include an alphabetical list of the bibliography reviewed and cited in your paper.

You must include sources respecting the following editorial conventions:

  • Articles from scholarly journals: Pugh D.S., Hickson D.J., Hinings C.R., MacDonald K.M., Turner C., Lupton T., 1963, "A conceptual Scheme for Organizational Analysis," Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 289- 315

  • Monographs: Butera F.., 1972, I frantumi ricomposti - Struttura e ideologia nel declino del "taylorismo" in America, Marsilio, Venice

    Monographies in foreign languages whose Italian edition has been consulted: Thompson J.D., 1967, Organizations in Action, McGraw-Hill, New York (ed. it., Organizational Action, Isedi, Turin, 1988)

  • Curatele: Rossi P., Mori M., Trinchero M. (eds.), 1975,The problem of sociological explanation, Loescher, Turin

  • Book Chapters: Maggi B., 1992, "Social Research in Organizations," in Costa G. (ed.), Manual of Personnel Management, Utet, Vol. 1, pp. 83

  • Reports to Workshops and Conferences: Masino G., 2003, New Technologies for Decision Making, paper presented at the Fourth Workshop of Teachers and Researchers of Business Organization, Florence, 13

  • Web Resources: Ciani E. and De Blasio G. (2014). Sometimes they work: subsidies to the stabilization of precarious workers. Web resource available at: (accessed June 25, 2014)


Antiplagiarism control

To combat the incorrect use of sources available on the Web the texts of final papers are subjected to an anti-plagiarism check using specific software.

If your lecturer feels that you have not used sources correctly, he or she may ask you to revise the paper and possibly postpone the final exam to a later session.

N.B. Remember to use sources correctly, citing them both in the text and in the final bibliography and always quote third-party words in quotation marks.
There are legal consequences of both a criminal and disciplinary nature for plagiarism.

You can make, with the consent of your lecturer, a presentation to be projected during the graduation session by uploading the file to a USB flash drive.
If you need more information or clarification send an email to DIEC.