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TOPOLOGICAL PHASES OF CONDENSED MATTER

CODE 102447
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS 6 credits during the 2nd year of 9012 PHYSICS (LM-17) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR FIS/03
TEACHING LOCATION GENOVA (PHYSICS)
SEMESTER 1° Semester
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

The lectures provide an overview of the effects of topology in condensed matter systems

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The lectures aim at providing the tools for a theoretical understanding of the effects of topology in condensed matter physics. The main aim is to address topological phase transitions in fermionic and spin systems.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The main aim is to provide the tools for the understanding of the effects of topology on condensed matter physics. The main aspects to be inspected are the quantization of the Hall conductance, Thouless pumping, the Jackiw-Rebbi model,  and Majorana fermions. A particular focus will be devoted to the experimental results and their theoretical explanation.

PREREQUISITES

  • FISICA DELLA MATERIA 2 61844
  • FISICA TEORICA 61842
  • FISICA NUCLEARE, DELLE PARTICELLE E ASTROFISICA 2 61847

TEACHING METHODS

blackboard lectures (online if necessary) where the concepts are explained and, if necerrary, derived. The slides will be used to better describe the relevant experiments.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

In the first part, the phase transitions are discussed, with particular reference to second order phase transitions. The aspects that will be addressed are

the phenomenology,

the general picture, as emerging from the Ginzburg-Landau theory, 

Spontaneous symmetry breaking and Goldstone modes,

The exact solution of the one-dimensional Ising model,

The approximate solution of the two-dimensional Ising model, based on the quantum-classical correspondence.

In the second part the following topics will be discussed:

the Hubbadr model,

the Heisenberg model as a limit of the Hubbard model,

Ferromagnetic magnons,

Antiferromagnetic magnons,

The xy model and the quantum phase transitions,

The Kitaev chain and the topological phase transitions,

The Jackiw-Rebbi model,

Thouless pumping,

The quantization ofthe Hall conductance.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

SUGGESTED BOOKS * H. Bruus, K. Flensberg, "Many-body Quantum Theory in Condensed Matter Physics" Oxford University Press (2004). * G.F. Giuliani, G. Vignale. "Quantum theory of the electron liquid"". Cambridge University Press (2005). * B. A. Bernevig, T. Hughes, "Topological insulators and topological superconductors". Princeton University Press (2013).

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

NICCOLO' TRAVERSO ZIANI (President)

FEDERICO CAGLIERIS

FABIO CAVALIERE

DARIO FERRARO

LESSONS

Class schedule

All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Oral exam

ASSESSMENT METHODS

The exam will be held by the teacher and by a second expert in the subject. Its duration is approximately 45 minutes. In the first part of the exam a topic previously chosen by the student is presented. In the second, starting from the presented topic, questions on all parts of the lectures will be asked. 

This method aims at understanding not only the level of understanding, but the communication skills as well and allows to understand in the main aims have been reached. If this is not the case, the student will be encouraged to deepen the understanding, even by asking to the teacher.