CODE 71772 ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022 CREDITS 6 cfu anno 3 9916 (L-32) - GENOVA SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR GEO/12 LANGUAGE Italian TEACHING LOCATION GENOVA SEMESTER 2° Semester PREREQUISITES Propedeuticità in ingresso Per sostenere l'esame di questo insegnamento è necessario aver sostenuto i seguenti esami: ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES 9916 (coorte 2019/2020) PHYSICS 72718 2019 ENVIRONMENTAL APPLIED PHYSICS 84044 2019 MODULES Questo insegnamento è un modulo di: ENVIRONMENTAL GEOPHYSICS TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB AIMS AND CONTENT AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES The course focuses on the study of atmospheric phenomena and their influence on everyday life (just think to the global warming). In this case the Student will be able to: know and describe the main meteorological phenomena; select the correct study methods to solve specific problems; interpret the analytical results deriving from the use of meteorological instruments; critically evaluate the data collected during monitoring activities in order to correctly predict meteorological forecasts; produce scientific and / or professional reports; correctly interpret the "meteorological" signals that the environment around us sends us; evaluate the meteorological information received objectively and critically TEACHING METHODS Please refer to the specific AulaWeb application for teaching for any updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation. SYLLABUS/CONTENT Force of Coriolis. Ekman's Spiral. Atmosphere. Solar constant. Albedo. Thermal balance. Radiative budget. Air temperature. Balance of the heat of the ocean. Atmospheric pressure. Humidity in the air. Clouds. Rainfall. Fog and mist, smog. Examples of meteorological and/or climatological applications in the fields of wind engineering and wind enegy, realized through experimental and numerical techniques. The forced and convective lifting mechanisms of the air parcel. Reversible adiabatic processes, and irreversible and reversible pseudoadiabatic processe in the atmosphere. The potential temperature and the dry adiabatic lapse rate (DALR). The equivalent potential temperature and the saturated adiabatic lapse rate (SALR). The environmental lapse rate. Radiosondaggi. The concept of static stability in the atmosphere based on the local method. The atmosphere in stable conditions, the frequency of Brunt-Vaisala, the lenticular clouds and gravity waves. The atmosphere in unstable conditions. Thermodynamic diagrams of the atmosphere. Determination of the lifting condensation level (LCL) and the level of free convection (LFC). The temporal indices (CAPE, Whiting, Lifted Index). Determination of the convective condensation level (CCL), Stau and föhn, thermal inversions. The process of homogeneous nucleation in the clouds. Definition and role of condensation nuclei for the formation of cloud droplets. The heterogeneous nucleation and the effect of the solute. The growth processes of raindrops in hot clouds: condensation and collision-coalescence growth. Experiment in creating a cloud in the bottle. The Bergeron process in the cold clouds and the formation of snowflakes. Precipitation types: rain, frozen rain, sleet, snow, hail. The international classification of clouds. The cloud atlas of the WMO and their international coding. RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY During the year, the PowerPoint of the lectures and various didactic material with character and Meteorological themes will be uploaded in the AulaWeb . Recommended books: Francesco Fantauzzo (1976), Dalla brezza all'uragano (meteorologia moderna) ; M. Giuliacci, A. Giuliacci, P. Corazzon (2010), Manuale di meteorologia . S. Gallino (2015), Il meteo per la vela. TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD MARCO CAPELLO Ricevimento: Please, Contact the teacher by e-mail or telephone (information available on the DISTAV website: http://www.distav.unige.it/drupalint/user/67) MASSIMILIANO BURLANDO Ricevimento: By appointment. Phone: +39 010 353 2509, email: firstname.lastname@example.org Exam Board MASSIMO VERDOYA (President) GABRIELE FERRETTI MARCO CAPELLO (President Substitute) DANIELE SPALLAROSSA (Substitute) LESSONS LESSONS START For lessons and timetables, please go to http://www.distav.unige.it/ccsambnat/orariolezioni Class schedule METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY EXAMS EXAM DESCRIPTION Please refer to the specific AulaWeb application for teaching for any updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation. ASSESSMENT METHODS The oral exam will focus mainly on the topics covered during the lessons and during the seminars/study visit at the ARPAL Weather Center, and will have the purpose of assessing whether the student has reached an adequate level of knowledge and has acquired the ability to link all the theoretical information by applying it to situations real (weather forecast). The property of language and the knowledge of the correct scientific and technical terminology will also be evaluated. Exam schedule Data Ora Luogo Degree type Note 07/06/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale 30/06/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale 18/07/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale 04/08/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale 01/09/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale 16/09/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale FURTHER INFORMATION We recommend to follow the lessons.