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SYSTEMATIC BOTANY

CODE 57291
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 10 cfu during the 2nd year of 9916 SCIENZE AMBIENTALI E NATURALI (L-32) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/02
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER Annual
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites
    You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
    • ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES 9916 (coorte 2020/2021)
    • GENERAL BIOLOGY AND ELEMENTS OF BOTANY AND ZOOLOGY 84005
    Prerequisites (for future units)
    This unit is a prerequisite for:
    • ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES 9916 (coorte 2020/2021)
    • GEOBOTANY AND ELEMENTS OF APPLIED BOTANY 84444
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    Systematic Botany deals with the diversity of the plant world, understood in a broad sense (Procarioti, Fungi, Algae, Land plants); it is one of the fundamental disciplines for the study of biodiversity which is a key element in the formation of a naturalist both as regards the knowledge of how it has come to its current expression and the applicative aspects related to its management and conservation.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The purpose of the course is: - to understand modern and historical plant systematic principles and methods and plant classification schemes; - to give an understanding of  biodiversity, evolution and systematic of  bacteria, algae, fungi, plants with emphasis on terrestrial plants; - to learn use of identification keys for plant species; - to learn the characteristics and common examples of the major families of flowering plants; - to be able to name the family and the species of italian vascular flora on sight.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    1) Educational objectives

    The teaching aims to provide students with the basic notions of Systematic Botany and the main tools for identifying plant diversity and recognizing its main components.

    The course provides:

    • knowledge of the different modes of propagation and reproduction of plant organisms, particularly in higher plants;
    • insights into the evolutionary lines and rules of botanical nomenclature;
    • definition of taxonomic groups, including the characters of the main families of Italian flora;
    • understanding of the meaning and value of biodiversity.

     

    2) Expected learning outcomes

    At the end of the teaching the student will be able to:

    • present principles and methods of historical and modern systematics;
    • describe the main plant groups in the broadest sense: Prokaryotes, Algae, Mushrooms and, in particular, terrestrial plants (Musks, Ferns, Gymnosperms, Angiosperms), highlighting their main characteristics, also with the help of examples;
    • understand and illustrate the different trends and evolutionary stages that have led to the current plant diversity;
    • illustrate the characteristics and indicate the main examples of the most important families of angiosperms;
    • use dichotomous keys for the identification of vascular plant species;
    • identify "by eye" the most important families and species of Italian flora.

     

    PREREQUISITES

    Concepts and basic mechanisms of biology (cell, mitosis, meiosis, cell cycles, metagenetic cycles) and of plant biology (in particular cellular organelles, tissues and plant organs)

    TEACHING METHODS

    Lectures, exercises in the classroom, in the laboratory and in the field.

    For the first semester, the lessons will be available in the presence, eventually the use of the lessons also remotely, through video recording, synchronous or asynchronous. The laboratory exercises will be organized possibly in the presence, possibly with multiple shifts.

    All face-to-face activities will be carried out in compliance with the capacity limits of the classrooms / laboratories and the distance provided for by the current legislation following the emergency COVID19.

    Attendance is not mandatory, but strongly recommended, especially for lab and field exercises.

    Please refer to the specific AulaWeb application for teaching for any updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    The teaching will cover the following topics:

    • Introduction to plant taxonomy and systematic. Reviews taxonomic groups of bacteria (with emphasis on Cyanophyta), algae (with emphasis on Rhodophyta, main groups of Heterokontophyta and Chlorophyta), fungi (Oomycetes, Chytridiomycota, Zygomycota, Glomeromycota,  Ascomycota, Basidiomycota),  lichens. Origin of land Plants. Bryophyta ( Hepaticopsida, Anthocerotopsida, Bryopsida).
    • General features and evolution of vascular plants.
    • Pteridophyta: main fossil groups, Licophytes, Monilophytes (Equisetopsida, Psilotopsida, Polypodiopsida). Topics include: taxonomic position, morphology, variety of forms, diversity of reproductive cycles in relation to evolution.
    • Spermatophyta: biology, ecology, systematics, speciation and evolution of seed plants.
    • Gymnospermae: main fossil groups, Cycadales, Ginkgoales, Pinales (Conifers and Gnetophytes).
    • Angiospermae: structure and morphology of flowers and fruits, principal taxa of  Dicotyledons and Monocotyledons.

    The course  will include training in the identification of families and species of italian vascular flora with emphasis on flowering plants.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    The slides of the lessons will be available on AulaWeb. The notes taken during the lessons may constitute the main study basis for the preparation of the exam, but it is advisable to consult texts of the University level systematic botany and botany to verify the completeness and correctness of the notes themselves and for any further study of the topics. treated.

    The following are some recommended texts, also found at the Library of the School of Sciences MFN:

    • Pasqua G., Abbate G., Forni C. (eds.), 2015 – Botanica generale e diversità vegetale. III edizione. Piccin
    • Strasburger E. et al. - Trattato di Botanica. Evoluzione, Sistematica ed Ecologia. X edizione italiana. Antonio Delfino Editore, Roma
    • Evert R.F., Eichorn S.E. – LA BIOLOGIA DELLE PIANTE DI RAVEN - Zanichelli
    • Gerola F.M. - Biologia vegetale: sistematica filogenetica. III edizione. UTET. Torino 1997

    During the laboratory exercises, the Guida botanica d'Italia di Baroni E. (Ed. Cappelli) will be used and a key will be provided of the main Italian families of Tracheophyta and a table illustrating the main diagnostic features useful for the use of the key.

    In the Library of the School of Sciences, a useful atlas of the main vascular plant families is available:

    • Marchi P., Pepe D’Amato E., Bianchi G., 2002 – Famiglie di Piante vascolari italiane. 2 vol. Università degli Studi La Sapienza e Rubettino Editori

     

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    LUIGI MINUTO (President)

    SIMONE DI PIAZZA

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    Available on AulaWEB at the site https://2021.aulaweb.unige.it

    Class schedule

    SYSTEMATIC BOTANY

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The exam consists of a practical / written and an oral part.

    The written evidence consists in the identification of a plant sample of Italian flora with the use of dichotomous keys, up to the species; for admission to the oral exam the written test must be passed at least up to the level of identification of the family.

    The oral exam includes open questions on the topics of the program, the first including the "sight" recognition of a sample of one of the most important and / or common species or families of Italian flora.

    The evaluation of the topics covered in the first teaching period will be carried out through an on-going audit (multiple choice test + an open question) whose evaluation will compete for about 2/5 for the final evaluation. The in itinere verification is considered outdated if the student has achieved a score for each of the two parts of at least 8 points / 15 and an average of at least 18/30. The student who has not done or passed the on-going verification will be evaluated on the whole program for the oral exam.

    Five appeals will be available in the session (June, July, September) and 2 calls for the winter session (January-February)

    The practical / written test can be sustained on the dates of all official appeals, but is valid for only one academic year. To support it you must send a reservation email to the teacher at least 3 working days before the call.

    Please refer to the specific AulaWeb application for teaching for any updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation.

    The check in progress, if exceeded, is valid for one academic year

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The practical / written test of phytognosy serves to evaluate the student's ability to correctly use dichotomous keys for the identification of plant samples.

    The oral exam is aimed at verifying the knowledge of the characteristics of the main plant taxa and the understanding of the evolutionary mechanisms that have led to the current plant diversity; moreover, through the recognition "by eye" of a sample, it serves to assess the knowledge of the main taxa, especially at the family level, of the Italian flora and the ability to quickly identify the most important diagnostic elements in the sample.

    The in itinere test (optional) verifies in the first part (closed answer test on specific topics of the program) the learned notions and the ability to discern the manifestly wrong answers and in the second part (open question on a broad topic), besides the knowledge acquired, the ability to identify the most important and characteristic elements that allow to describe a taxon or an evolutionary event.

    Evaluation matrix

     

    Check in progr.

    Phytognosia

    Oral

    Weight value %

    20

    40/50

    40/50

    presenting the principles and methods of historical and modern systematics

    X

     

    X

    describing the main plant groups in a broad sense with examples

    X

    X

     

    understanding and illustrate the different trends and evolutionary stages that have led to current plant diversity

    X

     

    X

    using dichotomous keys for the identification of vascular plant species

     

    X

     

    distinguishing the main taxonomic groups of the plant kingdom

     

    X

     

    identifying the main families of Angiosperms

     

     

    X

    identifying 'by eye' the most important families and species of the Italian flora

     

     

    X

     

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    28/01/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    11/02/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    09/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    23/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    07/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    21/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    01/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    The presence at lectures and laboratories is strongly suggested