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QUANTITATIVE ECOLOGY

CODE 94745
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS 6 credits during the 2nd year of 10723 MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY (LM-75) GENOVA
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/07
LANGUAGE Italian
TEACHING LOCATION GENOVA (MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY)
SEMESTER 2° Semester
MODULES This unit is a module of:
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The teaching aims to provide students the fundamental knowledge for the organization and study of ecological data, the structuring of an experimental design in ecology and the choice and use of the main univariate and multivariate analysis techniques. Students will also be introduced to the use of the open source software R for the creation of graphs, data exploration and statistical analysis of univariate and multivariate data.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Attendance and active participation in the proposed training activities, which include lectures and practical exercises, will allow the student to:

- learn how to structure an experimental design in the ecological field;

- organize and explore the data collected through an experiment;

- choose and use the correct uni or multivariate analysis techniques to test hypotheses;

- interpret and comment on the results of a statistical test;

- use the open-source software R for the creation of graphs, data exploration and statistical analysis on univariate and multivariate data.

TEACHING METHODS

The teaching consists of lectures and applied lessons (in the computer room, if possible according to covid restrictions) where students will learn to apply data analysis techniques using the R software.

Lectures are delivered through multimedia presentations, video, quiz and individual or team practice exercises, which can be performed both in the classroom or on-line.

Seminars will complete the teaching with focus on specific topics.

Please refer to AulaWeb application specific for the teaching for potential updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

INTRODUCTION TO QUANTITATIVE ECOLOGY:

1) The experimental design in ecology, the hypothetical deductive method

2) Parameters of a population, statistical inference

UNIVARIATE ANALYSIS

1) Frequency distributions, asymmetry and kurtosis

2) The Analysis of Variance: algebraic distribution of variability, the linear model

3) Multi-factorial, hierarchical and orthogonal designs

4) Multi-factorial designs for impact assessment: BACI and beyond BACI 

5) Correlation and linear regression

6) Multiple regressions and Regression Trees

MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS

1) Similarity coefficients and cluster analysis

2) PCA and MDS orders

3) Multivariate tests (ANOSIM, PERMANOVA)

SOFTWARE R

1) Introduction to the use of R software

2) Frequency distributions

3) Data exploration

4) Univariate analyses

5) Multivariate analyses

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Available (downloadable from the AulaWeb or Teams) presentations, videos and all material of the lessons.

Recomended reading:

Fowler, Cohen. Statistics for Ornithologists and Naturalists. Natural Sciences Texts, Franco Muzzio Editore, 2010.

Dytham, Calvin. Choosing and using statistics: a biologist's guide. John Wiley & Sons, 2011.

D. Borcard et al., Numerical Ecology with R, Use R, 1 DOI 10.1007/978-1-4419-7976-6_1, © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Underwood A.J., 1997. Experiments in ecology. Cambridge University Press

Gambi M.C., Dappiano M., 2003. Handbook of sampling methodology and study of Mediterranean marine benthos. Marine Mediterranean Biology, vol 10 (Suppl.).

Camussi A., Möller F., Ottaviano E., Sari Gorla M., 1995. Statistical methods for biological experimentation. Zanichelli.

Zar J.H., 1999. Biostatistical Analysis. Fourth Editino. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458.

Legendre, Pierre & Louis Legendre. 1998. Numerical ecology. 2nd English edition. Elsevier Science BV, Amsterdam. xv + 853 pages.

DC Schneider Quantitative Ecology, 2nd edn, 2009. London: Academic Press. 432 pp.

A.F. Zuur, E.N. Ieno, G. M. Smith. Analysing Ecological Data. Statistics for Biology and Health. Springer, 2007

 

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

STEFANO FERRETTI (President)

MARIACHIARA CHIANTORE

VALENTINA ASNAGHI (President Substitute)

LESSONS

LESSONS START

The lessons of the second semester will start from February 21, 2022.

Refer to the detailed timetable below link: https://easyacademy.unige.it/portalestudenti/

 

Class schedule

QUANTITATIVE ECOLOGY

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

The exam consists of an oral test concerning the topics covered in the course. The exam is passed if the student has obtained a grade greater than or equal to 18/30.

Five appeals will be available in the summer session (June, July, September) and 2 calls in the winter session (January-February).

Please refer to AulaWeb application specific for the teaching for potential updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

Details on how to prepare for the exam and the degree of detail required for each topic will be provided during the lessons. Additionally, students will be invited to present a case study.

The exam will verify the actual acquisition of knowledge, which the student will have to be able to connect and integrate. The ability to synthesize and recognize the main aspects of the topic will be evaluated and the ability to expose the arguments clearly and with correct terminology will also be considered.

 

Exam schedule

Date Time Location Type Notes
13/06/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale
29/06/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale
15/07/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale
25/07/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale
14/09/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale

FURTHER INFORMATION

Frequency is recommended.