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COMPLEMENTS OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

CODE 80286
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 6 cfu during the 1st year of 9018 SCIENZE CHIMICHE (LM-54) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR CHIM/06
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    Complements of Organic Chemistry is one of the main courses of the Master's Degree in Chemical Sciences, specifically activated for the curriculum Organic Chemistry applied to Material and Life Science. The topics covered are chosen in such a way as to revisit in particular reactions seen in the basic courses but with an in-depth study aimed most of all at understanding the stereochemical aspects. Particular emphasis is placed on the use of the most modern methodologies, in particular of the catalytic type, capable of positively influencing the stereochemical outcome of stereoselective reactions.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The aim of the course is to study the concepts of organic stereochemistry and their applications to the most advanced problems of stereoselective organic synthesis. The acquisition of knowledge is envisaged in the following topics: a) methodologies that allow asymmetric induction; b) analytical techniques for evaluating the stereoselectivity of reactions; c) interpretative models of the experimental stereochemical results. Added to this are the ability: a) to critically interpret specific literature; b) to apply to practical cases some of the most efficient and modern strategies for producing enantiomerically enriched molecules, with particular attention to the construction of C-C and C=C bonds, also with the use of organometallic catalysis and organocatalysis.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The aim of the course is to study the concepts of organic stereochemistry and their applications to the most advanced problems of stereoselective organic synthesis. The acquisition of knowledge is envisaged in the following topics: a) methodologies that allow asymmetric induction; b) analytical techniques for evaluating the stereoselectivity of reactions; c) interpretative models of the experimental stereochemical results. Added to this are the ability: a) to critically interpret specific literature; b) to apply to practical cases some of the most efficient and modern strategies for producing enantiomerically enriched molecules, with particular attention to the construction of C-C and C=C bonds, also with the use of organometallic catalysis and organocatalysis.

    Specifically, the student will be able to:

    • correctly establish complex synthetic pathways that require the control of stereochemistry in the consecutive formation of stereocenters (internal and relative asymmetric induction and double stereodifferentiation);
    • analyze the stereochemical results of stereoselective reactions in order to optimize the reaction under study;
    • correctly use the most modern methods for the effective determination of the enantiomeric excess and/or the diastereomeric ratio.

    PREREQUISITES

    A good knowledge of basic organic chemistry.

    TEACHING METHODS

    The course is divided into lectures on the topics covered by the program. The files with the presentations of the lessons are available on Aulaweb.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    • Advanced stereochemistry concepts: a) symmetry properties of organic molecules: symmetry elements and point groups; b) conformations of acyclic and cyclic molecules; c) chirality of molecules without stereogenic centers (allenes, biphenyls, etc.); d) prostereoisomerism
    • Methods for the experimental determination of the enantiomeric excess
    • Enantio- and diastereoselective reactions [stoichiometric reactions, catalytic reactions (organometal catalysis and organocatalysis), use of chiral auxiliaries]
    • Examples of enantio- and diastereoselective reactions: reductions of C=C and C=O bonds, C-C and C=C bond forming reactions, oxidations etc. In particular catalytic reaction will be deeper investigated
    • Claisen rearrangement
    • [4+2] Cycloadditions: the Diels-Alder reaction

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Being a rather specialized course there are no textbooks. The didactic material made available on Aulaweb and the notes taken in class are essential for the preparation of the exam. Interested students can however ask the teacher for bibliographic material for further information.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    From February, 27, 2023 see https://chimica.unige.it/didattica/orari_SC  

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The exam consists of an oral test on the topics covered in class. Furthermore, the student is required to discuss, with the help of a short presentation prepared by him, 1-2 very recent scientific papers on topics consistent with the program, previously assigned to him by the teacher. The CCS guarantees the correspondence between the exam topics and those actually carried out during the course. To this end, the CCS makes public (on a site called Aulaweb reserved for University teachers and students) the detailed program and the register of lessons so that students themselves can verify compliance with this rule.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The exam, exclusively in oral form, is conducted by two tenured teachers and lasts at least 30 minutes. In this way, the commission is able to verify with high accuracy the achievement of the learning outcomes of the course. When these are not achieved, the student is invited to deepen the study and to take advantage of further explanations by the teacher.

     

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    06/02/2023 15:00 GENOVA Orale
    20/02/2023 15:00 GENOVA Orale
    19/06/2023 15:00 GENOVA Orale
    10/07/2023 15:00 GENOVA Orale
    24/07/2023 15:00 GENOVA Orale
    11/09/2023 15:00 GENOVA Orale
    25/09/2023 15:00 GENOVA Orale