|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||BIO/16|
You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
Prerequisites (for future units)
This unit is a prerequisite for:
The "Nervous System and Endocrine Anatomy" course (code 80240) represents the third part of the Human Anatomy teaching. Topics covered include the Nervous System (SN), both central and peripheral, and the Endocrine System.
Given the distribution of the SN and Endocrine System throughout the body, the teaching coverage is systematic in nature. In addition, being the last teaching of Human Anatomy and often dealing with the multifunctional regulation of organs, it represents for the student a moment of synthesis of the knowledge acquired in the previous lessons of Human Anatomy.
The educational objectives of the course "Anatomy of the Nervous and Endocrine Systems" are intended to provide students with the acquisition of the knowledge necessary to understand the morphofunctional organization of the Nervous and Endocrine Systems, the acquisition of knowledge of the basic mechanisms that allow the Nervous and Endocrine Systems to perform their functions within the human body; the understanding of the basic mechanisms through which the Nervous System performs the reception, integration and processing of the diverse signals. This anatomical knowledge is at the basis of the understanding of the different clinical pictures resulting from damages of the Nervous and Endocrine Systems. The understanding and knowledge of the topics covered in class should allow the student to further investigate specific topics in complete autonomy.
The teaching activity is organised in lectures. During these lectures all the issues the student has to know for the final exam will be explained and discussed with the help of visual aids.
Introduction to the Nervous System (NS).
Embryologic development of NS.
Meninges, ventricular system and barriers of the NS.
Spinal cord. The spinal nerves.
Brain stem and cranial nerves from III to XII.
The limbic system
The afferent compartment. Classification of receptors. Definition of receptor field. Receptors and pathways of general somatic sensitivity. Taste receptors and gustatory pathway. Olfactory receptors and olfactory pathway. The eye and optical pathways. The ear and acoustic pathways.
The efferent compartment. The motor unit. Spinal reflexes. The pyramidal and extrapyramidal systems. The basal ganglia. The circuitry involving the cerebellum. The visceral nervous system.
Structure, morphology and microscopic organisation of pineal gland, hypophysis, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenal gland, islets of Langerhans, endocrine function of the kidney and feto-placental unit.
Office hours: By appointment, email: email@example.com
Office hours: By appointment by email: firstname.lastname@example.org
ERMANNO CICCONE (President)
FABIO GIUSEPPE GHIOTTO (President)
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
During the exam, the knowledge and understanding of the structures of the human nervous and endocrine systems and how they work together, as well as the communication skills used by the student, will be assessed.