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MEDICAL RADIOLOGY

CODE 80810
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 3 cfu during the 4th year of 8745 MEDICINA E CHIRURGIA(LM-41) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR MED/36
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites (for future units)
    This unit is a prerequisite for:
    • MEDICINE AND SURGERY 8745 (coorte 2019/2020)
    • SURGERY AND LOCOMOTOR SYSTEM DISEASES 87020
    • INTERNAL MEDICINE 67520
    • MEDICINE 67519
    • SURGERY I 67505
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The course has the aim to teach and make the medical students familiar with the science of diagnostic imaging in the field of diagnostic and interventional radiology and nuclear medicine. Students will learn the clinical indication and appropriate use of imaging. Special emphasis will be put on radiation protection principles and the main procedures of radiation therapy. 

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The main objective of the course is the achievement of professional competences related to the science of diagnostic imaging, including the core principles of image production, interpretation and clinical indications. Special attention will be devoted to familiarize the medical student with the role of diagnostic imaging to assess a variety of pathologic conditions affecting different organs and tissues. Students trained in the course will be able to ask for the appropriate imaging modality as regard the patient and the clinical context. Principles of radioprotection and dosimetry will also be addressed.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Students trained in the course will acquire the following skills:

    1. Familiarize with the use of conventional and advanced imaging modalities in the field of diagnostic radiology, nuclear medicine and radiation therapy
    2. Know the basics of physics and technology of the current diagnostic imaging modalities
    3. Be able to choose the appropriate imaging technique based on the clinical context and patient history.
    4. Be aware of radiation safety and protection.
    5. Be aware of the main procedures and side effects of radiation therapy and nuclear medicine.

    TEACHING METHODS

    The educational program consists of:

    • Frontal Lecturing
    • Professional Traineeship (Ultrasound, CT, MR imaging, Emergency Radiology) at the Radiology Units of the Hospital
    • Elective Placements (ADE) at the Radiology Units of the Hospital

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    MODULE #1. Radiation Physics; Radiographic Examination; Computed Tomography: physical principles and technology; Ultrasonography: physical principles and technology; Doppler Imaging: physical principle and technology; Magnetic Resonance Imaging: physical principles and technology; Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Pulse Sequences and Acquisition Parameters; Angiography and Interventional Techniques; Nuclear Medicine Imaging Techniques: physical principles; Nuclear Medicine Imaging Techniques: clinical indications - Case Studies Nuclear Medicine

    MODULE #2. Chest Imaging (incl. respiratory system and mediastinum); Cardiac Imaging - Case Studies Thoracic Imaging

    MODULE #3. Gastrointestinal Tract Imaging; Diagnostic Imaging of the Liver, Biliary Tract and Pancreas; Diagnostic imaging of the Spleen, Retroperitoneum and Peritoneal Cavity; Endocrine System Imaging; Urological Radiology; Imaging of the Male Reproductive System; Imaging of the Female Reproductive System - Case Studies Abdominal Imaging

    MODULE #4. Breast Imaging

    MODULE #5. Musculoskeletal Imaging; Diagnostic Imaging in Rheumatology - Case Studies Musculoskeletal Imaging

    MODULE #6. Maxillofacial Radiology; Oral Radiology

    MODULE #7. Neuroradiology; Nuclear Neurology - Case Studies Neuroradiology

    MODULE #8. PET Imaging in Oncology; Radiometabolic Therapy; Oncologic Imaging: assessing tumor response to therapy - Clinical Indications and Radiological Guidelines; Statistic Guide to Interpretation of Imaging Findings

    MODULE #9. Radiation Therapy: role, technology and techniques; Radiation Therapy: clinical and oncological indications; Principles of Radiobiology of Tumors and Normal Tissues; Principles of Radiation Protection: clinical dosimetry. Case Studies Radiation Therapy

    Regarding the outline, the course is organized around 60 hours of frontal lectures, three seminars of one hour duration each and a series of eight two-hours long interactive meetings based on case studies and further theoretical learning. Overall, the course engages for a total of 79 hours of intensive teaching and learning. Six of the meetings underlined above have been also included in the path of professional training activities (attività professionalizzanti) according to the information available on AulaWeb:

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Cittadini G. Cittadini G., Sardanelli F. Diagnostica per immagini e radioterapia. Edra Ed., Milano, 2015. ISBN: 978-88-214-4000-7

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    LILIANA BELGIOIA (President)

    CARLO MARTINOLI (President)

    SILVIA DANIELA MORBELLI (President)

    LUCA ROCCATAGLIATA (President)

    GIANMARIO SAMBUCETI (President)

    ALBERTO TAGLIAFICO

    LESSONS

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    In the first session of examination (primo appello), the exam will consist of a written test based on a series of 33 multiple choice questions (4 answers/1 correct) and an oral test (optional). For getting through the written test, the student is asked to correctly answer 18 questions. If the student responds correctly to 31, 32 or 33 question, the final score will be 30 cum laude. Passing the written test is required to access the oral exam. The following exam sessions (appelli) will consist of an oral test only. Both the first and the following exam sessions will be based on the actual content carried out in class which has to be integrated with the recommended textbook. The course does not include ongoing evaluations or midterm exams.

    The access to the first session of examinations (primo appello) is limited to only current fourth-year medical students. Medical students in the fourth and following years can instead access regular exam sessions (appelli).

     

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The exam will evaluate the candidate’s achievement of theoretical learning. It will also test the candidate's ability to apply theoretical learning to practice by means of an interactive discussion of how and why we should select the individual imaging modalities as regard the patient's and clinical context.