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MYCOLOGY

CODE 84462
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 2 cfu during the 3nd year of 8762 SCIENZE BIOLOGICHE (L-13) - GENOVA
  • 4 cfu during the 2nd year of 10589 CONSERVAZIONE E GESTIONE DELLA NATURA(LM-60) - GENOVA
  • 4 cfu during the 2nd year of 9916 SCIENZE AMBIENTALI E NATURALI (L-32) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/03
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites
    You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
    • Biological Sciences 8762 (coorte 2021/2022)
    • INSTITUTIONS OF MATHEMATICS 52344
    • BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY AND LABORATORY 65531
    • ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND LABORATORY 67060
    • BOTANY AND LABORATORY 80813
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The mycology is the discipline which studies the fungi, unicellular and multicellular organisms, object of investigation, both by the microbiologists and naturalists. Fungi play a fundamental role in the economy of nature and human, present in all environmental compartments, today, they are protagonists in many innovative biotechnologies. Knowing and studying them makes it possible not only to understand the phenomena in which they are involved, including pathologies, but also to be able to adequately exploit them in various biotechnological fields including environmental bioremediation.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The teaching aims to provide the basic elements of mycology (biology, ecology, systematics); to illustrate the importance of fungi in the economy of nature, man, biodegradation and biotechnology. Topics in the field of mycopathology will also be addressed, considering various aspects of human and animal mycology, as well as plant pathology.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Attendance, active participation in face-to-face classes together with individual study will allow the student to

    - to know in synthesis the history of mycology also in relation to botany;

    - to know the morphological, metabolic, reproductive, trophic, and ecological characteristics of fungal organisms;

    - to understand the evolution and have the basic notions of modern fungal taxonomy;

    - to learn the methodology to identify macrofungi on a morphological basis.

    PREREQUISITES

    General notions of general biology, molecular biology, and biochemistry are necessary to deal with the contents of the teaching.

    TEACHING METHODS

    The teaching consists of lectures and practical activities, delivered through multimedia presentations. Class attendance is highly recommended.

    The lectures and practical experiences will be carried out in presence, in case this is not possible, the lessons will also be delivered remotely via synchronous video.

    Any activities in presence will be carried out as provided for by the regulations in force following the COVID19 emergency.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    The program of module includes the presentation and discussion of the following topics.

    - Brief history of mycology and relations with botany.

    - General characteristics of fungal organisms (including lichen fungi): structure, ultrastructure, growth, and differentiation. Modes of sexual and asexual reproduction. Nutrition. General aspects of metabolism. Factors influencing the development of fungi.

    - Role of fungi in natural systems. Ecological strategies. Mutualistic and pathosistic symbiosis. Entomopathogenic and mycoparasite fungi.

    - Fungi as bioremediation agents (nods) and some applications in biotechnology (nods).

    - Nods to modern taxonomy and synthetic illustration of the main phyla.

    - Essential method for the recognition of edible mushroom on a morphological basis.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    The multimedia teaching material used by the teacher during the lectures and practical activities will be available on AulaWeb at the end of the cycle of lectures / laboratory exercises.

    The texts listed below are supporting texts and are available at the library of Scuola di Scienze M.F.N:

    • Deacon W.B., 2005. Fungal Biology. Blackwell Publishing.
    • Rambelli A., Pasqualetti M., 1996. Nuovi fondamenti di Micologia. Jaca Boock SpA, Milano.
    • Zotti M., Traverso M., Boccardo F., 2006. – Funghi di Liguria. Marco Sabatelli Editore, Savona. 159p.
    • Boccardo F., Traverso M., Vizzini A., Zotti M., 2008. – Guida ai funghi d’Italia. Zanichelli Editore, Bologna. 620 p.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    MIRCA ZOTTI (President)

    GRAZIA CECCHI

    SIMONE DI PIAZZA (President Substitute)

    MAURO MARIOTTI (Substitute)

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    The lessons of the first semester will begin on ? September 2022 and will end by ? January 2023, the lessons of the second semester will begin on ? February 2023 and will end by ? June 2023.

    See detailed timetable at the following link: https://easyacademy.unige.it/portalestudenti/

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The examination consists of an oral test during which the student must answer questions on the topics covered in the lectures and practical activities.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The oral examination will focus on the topics covered during the lectures and practical activities. The aim is to evaluate the degree of learning, autonomy, synthesis, and exhibition skills achieved by the student.

    The exam could take place on the Teams platform, if required by the authorities. Due to COVID-19 emergency, users are invited to refer to AulaWeb site to get updated info regarding the exams.

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    The regular attendance of the lessons is strongly recommended.