Prerequisites (for future units)
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The main aim of the course is to provide an overview of the cell as a functional autonomous unit and as a component of more complex structures, as well as to provide the basis of Human Anatomy necessary to understand physiology, with the final goal to be able to understand drug action mechanism and related toxicity.
The course aims at providing students with basic knowledge of the molecular mechanisms supporting the principal cell functions (from morphology and internal organization up to gene expression regulation, generation of differentiated cell lineages and genetic traits transmission).
Proper attention will be given to the human body organization and to the morphology of different systems and organs. The structure of the various organs will be studied at microscopic level to provide understanding of their function.
The course includes classroom teaching on topics of Cell and Molecular Biology, Genetics and Human Anatomy.
The course is divided in two main areas:
1. Macromolecules – Topics to be developed: Basic structure and properties of nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates shall be presented with focus on chemical bonds and molecular structure and interactions to provide notions to understand the basic cell biology.
2. Citology – Topics to be developed: Cell morphology and structure of procariotes and eucariotes. Biological membranes (models, chemical composition and functions), cell organelles (Golgi, endoplasmic reticulum, lisosomes, peroxisomes, mitochondria, nucleus), cytoskeleton (composition and functions of the different systems).
3. Cell-cell and cell-ECM interactions - Topics to be developed: Cell junctions (different systems, meaning and functions), extracellular matrix (different forms, meaning and functions), cell communications (different systems, meaning and signaling mechanisms).
4. Gene expression - Topics to be developed: Nucleic acids structure and functions, DNA duplication, transcription, translation, gene expression regulation.
5. Cell proliferation - Topics to be developed: Cell cycle and control mechanisms, mitosis, meiosis, gametogenesis, mechanisms and meaning of cell death (apoptosis and necrosis), mechanisms of cell differentiation and cell transformation.
6. Basic genetics - Topics to be developed: Mendel’s Laws of Heredity, probability of inheritance, alleles and genes, dominant and recessive alleles, homozygous and heterozygous definitions. Sex Chromosomes and Sex-Linked Inheritance. Karyotype aneuploidy.
-Alberts et al.; "L'essenziale di biologia molecolare della cellula"; Zanichelli Editori.
-Becker et al.; "Il mondo della cellula"; Pearsons Eds.
-Solomon et al.; "Biologia"; Edises
-Karp et al.; "Biologia cellulare e molecolare"; Edises
-Pollard et a.; "Biologia Cellulare"; Elsevier-Masson Eds.
-Martini/Timmons/Tallitsch: Anatomia Umana. EdiSES
RODOLFO QUARTO (President)
KATIA CORTESE (President Substitute)
SVEVA BOLLINI (Substitute)
ROBERTA TASSO (Substitute)
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
Final test is based on 30 written questions (multiple choice) and an oral test. Passing of the written test (with at least a score of 18/30) allows the student to be admitted to the oral test.
Should COVID19 restrictions be continued, final tests shall be held orally in remote mode.
During the examination teachers will verify the acquisition of the learning outcomes as well as the competence and the ability to make connections of the students.