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MEDICINAL AND TOXICOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY I

CODE 80446
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 9 cfu during the 3nd year of 8451 CHIMICA E TECNOLOGIA FARMACEUTICHE (LM-13) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR CHIM/08
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites
    You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
    • Pharmaceutical chemistry and technology 8451 (coorte 2020/2021)
    • GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (PHAR)(MD) 55413
    • ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 60795
    • ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (PCT)(MD) 60828
    Prerequisites (for future units)
    This unit is a prerequisite for:
    • Pharmaceutical chemistry and technology 8451 (coorte 2020/2021)
    • DRUG SYNTHESIS (WITH PRACTICE) 80453
    • PHARMACEUTICAL TECHNOLOGY AND LAW I (PCT) 67569
    • PHARMACEUTICAL TECHNOLOGY AND LAW II (WITH PRACTICE)(PCT)(MD) 67615
    • PHARMACEUTICAL AND TOXICOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY II (PCT) 67558
    • APPLIED PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY 67617
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    Pharmaceutical and Toxicological Chemistry studies the design, synthesis, structures, structure-activity relationships (SAR), mechanisms of action, fields of application and secondary effects of drugs. In particular, Pharmaceutical and Toxicological Chemistry I is aimed at the study of disinfectant, antibacterial, antiprotozoal, antifungal and antitumor drugs and vitamins.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The course aims to study the design, synthesis and use of the drug. It then examines in depth the structural characteristics that affect the pharmacokinetics and mechanism of action of a wide range of compounds, as  topical and systemic antimicrobial, antiparasitic, antiviral and antitumor compounds. The aim of the course is to provide the student with the theoretical tools necessary to understand drug  design,  synthesis and use of the most commun pharmaceutical compounds used in therapy.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The course aims to provide the student with the knowledge of drugs currently in use as disinfectants, antibacterials, antiprotozoal, antifungal and antitumor, their synthesis, mechanism of action and toxic effects. Syntheses, structure-activity relationships (SAR), optimization studies and action mechanisms of these therapeutic classes are reported. Furthermore, the course aims to provide students with the basic knowledge useful for design and synthesis of biologically active molecules.

    Another fundamental objective of this course is the demonstration of the practical application in the field of pharmaceutical chemistry of all the knowledge acquired by the student during other courses, in particular those relating to general and organic chemistry and biochemistry.

    At the end of the course the student will be able to recognize the main drugs of the categories listed in the program, describe their synthesis, structure-activity relationships, know the mechanisms of action and toxic effects.

    PREREQUISITES

    Knowledge of general inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry and biochemistry.

    TEACHING METHODS

    Theoretical frontal lessons during with slides available as teaching material on Aulaweb. These slides are a basis for detailed explanations by the teacher on the various topics of the course, in particular regarding syntheses and mechanism of action of discussed drugs. Both the frontal lessons and the exams can be carried out by team platform.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    The program of the Pharmaceutical and Toxicological Chemistry I course is divided into various chapters, listed below.

    General part - Definition of drug. Drug design. From design to the market. Pharmacokinetics. Proteins (enzymes, receptors, transport and structural proteins) as drug targets. Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) as drug targets. Lipids and carbohydrates as drug targets.

    Specific Classes of Drugs - Disinfectants and Antiseptics. Antibiotics and antibacterial chemotherapeutic agents: introduction, sulfonamides, nitro derivatives, fluoroquinolones, oxazolidinones, penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapemas, monobactams, beta lactamase inhibitors, peptide antibiotics, glycopeptides, phosphomycin, antibiotics. Anti-tuberculosis and anti-leprosy drugs. Antifungals. Antimalarials and other antiprotozoals. Anthelmintics. Antivirals against DNA viruses, antivirals against RNA viruses and anti-HIV. Anticancer drugs: classical chemotherapeutic agents, anticancer for hormone-dependent tumors. Anticancer with specific targets (enzyme inhibitors). Biotechn.  drugs. Vitamins.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Chimica Farmaceutica” Autori Gasco, Gualtieri, Melchiorre, Editore CEA

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    CHIARA BRULLO (President)

    SILVIA SCHENONE

    FRANCESCA MUSUMECI (Substitute)

    ANDREA SPALLAROSSA (Substitute)

    BRUNO TASSO (Substitute)

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    The course usually starts in the last week of September.

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The exam consists in an oral test in the presence of two teachers, The duration varies according to the student's preparation, in any case between 30 and 60 minutes.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    From the oral interview and discussion on the topics, we evaluate:

     1) the knowledge of the topics,

    2) the ability to apply the acquired knowledge,

    3) the ability to expression using appropriate scientific language

    4) the ability to link between the various topics covered in the course itself or between the topics of others courses.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes