CODE 90693 ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023 CREDITS 6 cfu anno 1 MATEMATICA 9011 (LM-40) - GENOVA SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR FIS/03 TEACHING LOCATION GENOVA SEMESTER 2° Semester TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB OVERVIEW "Elementi e Applicazioni di Fisica Moderna" (EAFM, code 90693) is a 7 credits worth class held during the second semester of the First year of the "Laurea Magistrale". Lectures are held in Italian. Study material for subscribing students can be found on the AulaWeb website. AIMS AND CONTENT LEARNING OUTCOMES The course provides a basic knowledge on several topics concerning modern physics, with a particular emphasis on quantum mechanics and some topics of special relativity. The aim is stimulating interest and comprehension of several physical phenomena related to these topics and to highlight important applications, especially in the field of the structure of matter. AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES The student should acquire a knowledge of the fundamental quantum and relativistic phenomena and their role in shaping the principal physical and chemical phenomena (e.g. the electronic structer of atoms) as well as how general purpose devices (such as lasers), innovative technologies (such as the GPS) and even advanced instrumentation (such as electron microscopes) work. TEACHING METHODS Traditional: oral lectures and examples worked out by teachers. SYLLABUS/CONTENT Introduction to Special Relativity Short recapitulation about classical relativity, the electromagnetic waves equation The Michelson-Morley experiment Einstein postulates Lorentz transformations A brief introduction to relativistic dynamics Applications Quantum mechanics 2.1 Wave-matter dualism for electromagnetic radiation Recapitulations about the interference of electromagnetic waves The photoelectric effect, the concept of photon Blackbody radiation Principle of complementarity, probabilistic interpretation Uncertainty relationship for photons 2.2 Wave-matter dualism for matter Atomic phenomena: emission spectra and the Bohr model The De Broglie hypothesis Interference effects among particles The Heisenberg uncertainty principle and wave packets 2.3 The Schroedinger equation Stationary and time-dependent equation Probabilistic interpretation of the wave function Particle in a box Tunnel effect Application: scanning tunnel microscope and atomic force microscope 2.4 Atomic models and particle statistics Hydrogen atom, spin, statistics The Pauli exclusion principle Fermi and Bose statistics Many-electron atoms RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY K. S. Krane "Modern Physics, 3rd edition" (Wiley) V. A. Ugarov "Special Relativity" (MIR) TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD MAURA SASSETTI FABIO CAVALIERE Ricevimento: By appointment, either by internal phone/email, or after classes. Exam Board MAURA SASSETTI (President) DARIO FERRARO FABIO CAVALIERE (President Substitute) GIOVANNI RIDOLFI (Substitute) LESSONS LESSONS START The class will start according to the lecturing calendar approved by the "Consiglio di Corso di Studi". Class schedule L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile all'indirizzo EasyAcademy. EXAMS EXAM DESCRIPTION Oral examination ASSESSMENT METHODS The oral examination will allow to assess the knowledge of the fundamental quantum and relativistic phenomena and the ability to identify their role in the explanation of natural phenomena and of the working principles of devices and technologies as discussed in the course.