|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||FIS/07|
The class explores physics processes, in particular those related to of ionizing radiations, that find application in medicine, environmental sciences and archaeometry.
Students will receice an overview of the applications of nuclear physics techniques in various fields: from technology to health protection, environment and art.
Studenwt will get the essential elements to pursue a career in medical physics, environmental sciences and cultural heritage; in particular for what concern the application of the physics of ionizing radiations.
None but the knowledges of the bachelor in physics.
The class is mainly based on classroom lectures.
A laboratory training session and visits to specific equipment in a hospital bring the student closer to the typical instrumentation related to ionizing radiation and spectrometric techniques and to the clinic application.
Dosimetry of ionizing radiation. Biological effects of radiation, dosimetric units (Exposure, Dose, Equivalent Dose), dosimetric measurements, cavity theory, outline of radiation protection legislation. Shielding. Calculation of shielding for α, β, γ, X and neutron radiation: point-like and extended sources, build-up. Shielding of large installations. The Monte Carlo method. Spectrometric chains. Detectors for α, β, γ, X and n used in the applied physics, electronic chains for spectrometric measurements, tissue-equivalent fchambers, portable detectors for environmental inspections, radioactive contamination measurements. Medical physics: X-ray and tomography, SPECT, PET and NMR diagnostics, radiotherapy and hadrontherapy, Dating techniques: Dating with 14C and other isotopes, thermoluminescence. Compositional analysis techniques. Neutron activation and analysis with beams of ions and photons: physical principles of the different methods, sensitivity, typical instrumentation, examples of application .
Laboratory. training on γ spectrometry: calibration of a spectrometric chain for quantitative measurements, analysis of environmental samples.
Book-texts on specific topics will be indicated during the class. All the didactic material (slides, tables and other documents) is available on the web.
PAOLO PRATI (President)
MAURO GINO TAIUTI
First semester, the timetable will be announced on September 2020
Oral exam. The student will chose and discuss a scientific article and then will answer questions related to the class program
During the oral exame, the commission, composed of the teachers the class, will formulate questions in order to assess the degree of preparation of the student and her/his ability to critically discuss the contents of the class. Synthesis and communication skills will also be evaluated.
More information at the site: https://www.ge.infn.it/~prati/Fisica%20Nucleare%20Applicata/FNA.htm