Salta al contenuto principale della pagina


CODE 53271
  • 6 cfu during the 1st year of 9917 SCIENZE STORICHE (LM-84) - GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester


    The Course focuses on the documents produced by the Commune by the Episcopal curias during the Medieval age through the study of the external and internal features of the documents, their evolution, the redactors (notaries, scribes, registrars). Plenty of time will be dedicated to help the students acquire the skills to properly read and analyze the different kinds of documents.



    The 3 main objectives of the Course are:

    • Knowledge of the historical development of the forms and features of the documents produced by the Italian Commune and Episcopal curias chancelleries during the Medieval age
    • Understanding the relationship between the notaries and the Communal/Episcopal authorities, and how this relationship affected or influenced the making, the use and the conservation of the documents


    • Teach the student how to read the different kind of the writings on the documents produced within the above-mentioned institutional contexts


    At the end of the Course the students should be able to:


    • detail the different reasons and the main steps of the historical evolution of the documentary sources produced by the Italian Communes and Episcopal chancelleries.
    • display independence of judgement and express analytical observations on the production, use and conservation of the documents originated by the mentioned institutions.
    • show competence in reading the documentary sources of the Medieval age.
    • acquire communication abilities to verbally express the concepts learned, with consistency in argument, systematic rigorousness, and a good grasp of the specific vocabulary.



    Teacher-to-students classes, with practical readings and observations with the help of facsimile (slides)

    Documents and facsimiles used during the lessons can be downloaded by pen drive/USB key at the docent’s room (via Balbi 2, 2nd floor)

    Classes are held in presence. Attendance, although not compulsory, is recommended. The lecturer, at the specific request of a student (by e-mail), may allow him/her to follow classes remotely via “Teams” platform and to view class recordings.




    Regarding the documentary sources produced by the main institution of the medieval town, the education process will analyse:

    • the history of the studies of documents, with a special focus on municipalities and episcopal diplomatics
    • the beginning of the chanceries and their development over time
    • internal and external features of the main typologies of documents and their development
    • relationships over time with the redactors, especially the notaries, working for the Communal and the Episcopal curia

    Additionally, the classes will work on:

    • comment and analysis of some specific bibliography with reference to the Communes of Genoa, Cremona, Bergamo;
    • reading of 6 documents, 3 from Communal origin and 3 from Episcopal origin.

    For non-attending students, in addition, an ad hoc path through readings and texts of their choice


    A. Bartoli Langeli, Il notariato, in Genova, Venezia, il Levante nei secoli XII-XIV. Atti del convegno, Genova 10-14 marzo 2000, Genova, «Atti della Società Ligure di Storia Patria», XLI/1 (2001), pp. 73-102.

    D. Puncuh, La diplomatica comunale in Italia dal saggio del Torelli ai nostri giorni, in La diplomatique urbaine en Europe au moyen âge, Actes du congrès de la Commission internationale de Diplomatique, Gand, 25-29 août 1998, a cura di W. Prevenier et Th. De Hemptinne, Leuwen-Apeldoom 2000, pp. 383-406.

    A. Rovere, Tipologie documentali nei Libri iurium dell'Italia comunale, in La diplomatique urbaine en Europe au moyen age. Actes du congres de la Commission internationale de diplomatique, Gand 25-29 aout 1998, pub. par W. Prevenier et T. de Hemptinne, Leuven- Apeldorn, Garant 2000 (Studies in urban social, economic and political history of the medieval and modern Low Countries, 9), pp. 417-436.

    G.M. Varanini, G. Gardoni, Notai vescovili del Duecento tra curia e città (Italia centro-settentrionale), in Il notaio e la città. Essere notaio: i tempi e i luoghi (secc. XII-XV). Atti del convegno di studi storici, Genova, 9-10 novembre 2007, a cura di V. Piergiovanni, Milano 2009 (Studi storici sul notariato italiano XIII), pp. 239-272.

    V. Leoni, “Privilegia episcopii Cremonensis”. Il cartulario vescovile di Cremona e il vescovo Sicardo (1185-1215), in Scrineum Rivista, 3 (2005).

    F. Magnoni, I notai della chiesa bergamasca tra fine Duecento e seconda metà del Trecento, in Scrineum Rivista, 13 (2016).

    For non-attending students, in addition, an ad hoc path through readings and texts of their choice


    Exam Board



    MARIA ELENA CORTESE (Substitute)

    STEFANO GARDINI (Substitute)



    14 february 2023



    The final test will be an oral examination: the student should prove a good grasp of the specific terminology, a good knowledge of the bibliography, the ability of detailing the subject, the knowledge of the documentary sources, and the related institutions, and proficiency in reading and commenting the documents’ facsimiles seen during the lessons.


    The evaluation criteria on the student’s response to the final test (oral examination) will be the following:

    • the exam outcome will be evaluated “very good” (grades 28 or 29) or “excellent”  (grades 30 or  30 cum laude) if the students will be able to show a deep understanding of the themes explored during the lessons by using a proper terminology and clearness of exposition, while identifying similarities and differences and quoting the relevant bibliography; the student should also prove to be able of proficiently reading the facsimiles seen at lesson.
    • the exam outcome will be evaluated “good” (grades from 26 to 27) or “satisfactory” (grades 23 or 25) if the student, by using a correct terminology, although sometimes not fully appropriate, will display a good knowledge although limited to a quite mnemonic learning without deepening of the subject and a good reading level of the specimens seen at lesson.
    • the exam outcome will be evaluated merely “sufficient” (grades between 18 and 22) if the student will display the basic knowledge of the themes, but limited vocabulary and limited skills in reading the relevant documents.
    • - the exam will have negative outcome if the student will display lack of knowledge of the subject and won’t be able to manage the proper vocabulary.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    14/12/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    18/01/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    08/02/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    10/05/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    31/05/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    14/06/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    12/07/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    13/09/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale


    Regular attendance is highly recommended.

    The program for attending and non-attending students is the same in consideration of the difficulty on the part of the latter to achieve a good preparation on their own in reading and commenting on the facsimiles of the scriptures proposed in class.