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IMMUNOLOGY

CODE 67324
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 8 cfu during the 1st year of 9284 PODOLOGIA(L/SNT2) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR MED/04
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    Immunology is the science that studies the immune system, an integrated set of molecules and cells that operate in a coordinated manner to maintain the homeostasis of the organism and protect it from external agents, such pathogens  and their products, food, chemicals, drugs, pollens and more. The course also will address the main changes in the immune system that affect the immune-mediated disease mechanisms.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The purpose is to educate the knowledge of the structural and molecular mechanisms responsible for immune recognition of the signs of infection and damage to the tissues; to know the phenotypic and functional characteristics of the major immune cell populations responsible for the various stages of immune responses to injury; to know the mechanisms of integration and regulation of the answers themselves and learn the signaling mechanisms and the main pathways of signal transduction; to learn the main pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the alterations of the immune response.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    At the end of the course the student must have acquired the fundamental knowledge on the cellular and molecular bases of the innate and adaptive immune responses, on their dynamic integration and on the mechanisms of control of immune responses. Specifically, the student will be able to: describe the organization of the immune response to the different types of insults; the peculiarities of the different components of the immune system; the main pathophysiological mechanisms of immune-mediated diseases.

    TEACHING METHODS

    The course consists of 10 hours of  lectures  in the classroom.  Lectures in the classroom are delivered through multimedia presentations. The attendance at lessons  is strongly recommended.

     

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    Features of the immune system
    The primary and secondary lymphoid organs: Bone Marrow and Timo (structure and characteristics), spleen and lymph nodes, the Associated Lymphoid Tissue mucosa (MALT)
    The immune cells: a) features and functions of  innate immunity cells (granulocytes, monocytes and macrophages, natural killer)  ; b)  features and functions of T and B lymphocytes
    Innate Immune Response (natural) and specific (acquired): main features and phases of the immune response.
    The complement (signs)
    Hypothesis of clonal selection (signs).

    Maturation of lymphocytes T and B.
    The antigen receptor of T and B lymphocytes
    Antigens: general characteristics and definition of epitope.
    Antibodies: structure and function of antibodies, antibody classes.
    The antigens of the major histocompatibility system class I and II (MHC): structure and function
    Processing and presentation of antigens to T lymphocytes
    Immune cell-mediated and humoral responses.
    Activation and differentiation of T and B lymphocytes
    Cytokines and chemokines: their role in the immune response
    The immune response to pathogens
    Antigen-antibody reaction ( precipitation, agglutination, hemagglutination, complement fixation, immunoenzymatic reactions, reactions radioimmunoassay, immunofluorescence)

    IMMUNOPATHOLOGY
    Hypersensitivity reactions: classification and general features.
    Autoimmunity: organ-specific autoimmune diseases and systemic (signs)
    Primary immunodeficiency diseases (signs).
    Secondary or acquired immunodeficiencies: AIDS. (signs)

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Le difese immunitarie di Guido Forni,Elena Quaglino,Federica Cavallo. Editore: PICCIN-NUOVA LIBRARIA

    TOOLS IN SUPPORT OF TEACHING: All the slides used during the lectures and other teaching material will be available on AulaWeb at the end of  lessons in PDF format. 

    TOOLS IN SUPPORT OF TEACHING: Copy of slides projected in class

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    LAURA AVANZINO

    PIETRO BALDELLI

    ENRICO MILLO

    MARIO PASSALACQUA

    GABRIELLA PIETRA

    CHIARA VITALE

    LESSONS

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The exam consists of an oral test and takes place in the presence of the Course teachers. The interview lasts about 25 minutes and focuses on the program carried out during the lectures. Through the discussion of various topics, the Commission verifies the achievement of the educational objectives envisaged by the teaching.
    At the end of the interview, the teachers of the Commission formulate a final vote which derives from the overall judgment of the candidate.
    The grade of 30/30 with honors will be awarded when the knowledge / skills of the subject are excellent

     

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The oral exam will mainly focus on the topics covered during the lectures and will aim to verify the achievement of the appropriate level of knowledge and in-depth study of the topics covered. In particular, during the interview, the student will have to demonstrate: to know the role and function of the cellular and molecular elements involved in the immune processes; to have acquired an understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of response at the cellular and molecular level of the immune system and its regulation; to know the alterations of the immune system due to illness. During the interview the ability to present the topics clearly and with correct terminology will also be evaluated.

     

    FURTHER INFORMATION

     Regular class attendance is strongly recommended.