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BIOCHEMISTRY

CODE 72664
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 5 cfu during the 1st year of 8744 SCIENZE MOTORIE, SPORT E SALUTE (L-22) - SAVONA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/10
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • SAVONA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites
    You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
    • Movement, Sport and Health Sciences 8744 (coorte 2022/2023)
    • GENERAL BIOLOGY AND PROPEDEUTICS BIOCHEMISTRY 72663
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    Biochemistry, that is the study of chemical reactions that govern the life of organisms, is also the basis of the motor activities of the human individual, from birth to maturity at all levels. The course aims to provide the student with the appropriate knowledge and skills in the area of molecules of biological importance, such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleotides. Furthermore, the metabolic pathways of catabolism and anabolism will be examined in detail in order to provide the student with a global view of intermediate metabolism and molecular mechanisms responsible for energy production by living organisms. In addition to generalities on biochemical reactions, the course will highlight the correlations between the supply of nutrients to the body and the production and transformation of energy and metabolic correlations between organs with a focused study on the muscular skeletal and cardiac systems.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The teaching of Biochemistry deepens in the light of the propaedeutic knowledge acquired in the first semester, the main topics of Biochemistry correlating the contents to the educational objectives of the student of motor sciences.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The teaching of Biochemistry deepens the knowledge acquired in the Biochemistry propaedeutic exam of the first semester and the main topics of Biochemistry, correlating the contents to the educational objectives of the student of motor sciences. The course aims to provide students with the fundamentals of Biochemistry, starting from the structure-function of biomolecules to the basic concepts of metabolism. The objectives of the course are to understand the molecular basis of biological systems, the biochemical mechanisms that regulate cellular metabolic activities through knowledge of the structure, properties, function, interactions and metabolism of biomolecules; production and conservation of metabolic energy.

     

    Three main purposes:

     

    1. To provide the theoretical competences and notions related to the knowledge and the role of biological macromolecules in biochemical processes, to identify the functional groups of biomolecules starting from the simplest components (monosaccharides, amino acids, nucleotides), up to the examples of organization of complex molecular systems

     

    2. Provide key concepts regarding oxygen transport and enzymatic catalysis and its regulation

     

    3. Provide key concepts on basic metabolic functions and their regulation in the fasting and nutritional phases.

     

     

     

     

     

    PREREQUISITES

    Good knowledge of general and inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, and cell biology. The student must have passed the Cell Biology and Biochemical Propaedeutics exam.

    TEACHING METHODS

    The course will be taught with lectures and discussions with students to test the correlation between metabolic activities and an individual's daily activities. These discussions will focus on the correlations between metabolic pathways, the regulation of metabolism during fasting and during nutrition, and the major metabolic pathways involved in motor activities and during intense muscular exercise.

    Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    The course is divided into four distinct phases.

    In the first phase, chemical reactions are characterized based on their biochemical relevance. Identification of nutrients is another aspect of this phase that will allow the evaluation of the availability of these molecules and their energy content.

    In the second phase the role of oxygen in living organisms and in particular in humans will be considered. We study the role of hemoglobin in the transport of oxygen from the lungs to the tissues, the regulation on the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen by pH and 2,3 bisphosphoglycerate, and in the elimination of carbon dioxide.

    In the third phase, the utilization of the various nutrients for the production of forms of energy useful to the tissues of our organism is analyzed. The organization of these transformations into metabolic pathways and their intertwining will be one of the key aspects of this phase. The interconversion of energy forms according to the purposes of the cells and the coordinated regulation of these metabolisms will conclude the phase.

    In the fourth phase, the systems of storage of recovered excess nutrients will be explored.  The various anabolic metabolisms will also be considered in reaction to body weight control, one of the aspects relevant to motor activity at all levels.

    In the fifth step, the integration of activities between organs during different nutritional states and during motor activity is examined.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Student's choice of up-to-date textbooks available.

    Recommended:

     "The Basics of Biochemistry" by Denise R. Ferrier II Edition

    Ed. Zanichelli

    or

    "Lehninger's Introduction to Biochemistry" 4th Edition, David L. Nelson, Michael M. Cox. Zanichelli Ed.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    IInd semester

    Class schedule

    BIOCHEMISTRY

    EXAMS

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    21/06/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale AULA 8 POLO BIOMEDICO EX-SAIWA
    05/07/2023 05:00 GENOVA Orale AULA 8 POLO BIOMEDICO EX-SAIWA
    26/07/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale AULA 8 POLO BIOMEDICO EX-SAIWA
    20/09/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale AULA 8 POLO BIOMEDICO EX-SAIWA