|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||BIO/16|
|MODULES||This unit is a module of:|
The neuroanatomy course is intended to provide basic information about the nervous system and its functioning mainly in relation to the ability to develop movement and coordination
The study of normal human histology and human anatomy, which is mutually propedeutic, must allow for a level of knowledge of the tissues, apparatus and systems of the human body, a necessary premise for the optimal understanding of motor and sports activities in all stages of life.
Understanding the body's structural organization with its main anatomical-functional applications. Recognize the essential morphological characteristics of systems, apparatus and organs of the human body, as well as of their principal morphological correlations
oral and written examination
The nervous system:
General principles of neuroanatomy and basic terminology.
General principles of central nervous system architecture.
Notes on the ontogenetic and phylogenetic evolution of the central nervous system.
The sensory compartment.
Nerve organ constructive principles.
White substance architecture.
Architecture of the gray and cortical gray substance.
General Organization of the SNC.
The spinal cord: Macroscopic Configuration and Relationships.
Internal conformation. Gray substance architecture.
Organizing the white substance: basic beams, front cord beams, back cord beams, side cord beams.
Relationships between architecture and spinal cord function.
The ependymal channel.
The trunk of the brain: the bulb, the bridge of Varolio, the IV ventricle, the mesencephalon. Organization of the trunk of the brain.
Encephalic nerve nuclei: somato-motors, viscer-effectors, visceral-sensitivities, somato-sensitives.
Cores of the trunk of the brain.
The white substance of the trunk of the brain.
The cerebellum: external configuration and relationships; Internal conformation; Cerebellar cortex; Intrinsic cores; The morpho-functional cerebellum organization.
The quadrilateral lamina: external configuration and relationships; Inferior quadrigemercaria tuberculosis; The upper quadrilateral tubercles; The precursor nuclei.
Diencephalous: Conformity and Limits; The subtropical; the hypothalamus; Hypothalamus connections; Hypothalamus-hypophysear axis; the epithalamus; The thalamus: configuration and relationships, general organization.
Thymes and links of thalamus.
The metathalamus; Optical paths, acoustic paths.
The ventricle III.
Telencephalus: external configuration, interemisphere commissural formations, capsule system, nucleus of telencephalus, telencephalic cortex. Structure of the telencephalic cortex.
White matter of the telencephalus.
Sensitive cortical areas.
Effective cortical areas.
The olfactory routes.
The limbic system .. The lateral ventricles.
The projective ways. General feeling.
The central motor system.
Central nervous system cavities. The meningi. The cephalide-rachidian liquid. Cladding and plush corioids. Vascularization of the central nervous system. Neurochemistry of the central nervous system
Peripheral nervous system: nerves; And ganglia.
Spinal nerves: generality on spinal nerves,
Cervical plexus (frenetic nerve),
Brachial plexus (median nerve, skin nerve muscle, lateral skin and forearm nerve nerves, radial nerve, ulnar nerve ulcer armpit),
Lumbar plexus (ileoipogastric nerve, ileoinguinal nerve, femoral nerve nerve, thigh lateral nerve, femoral nerve, obstructive nerve),
Sacral plexus (ischemic nerve), pessimistic pudding, plexus coccyxia. (The constitution, the segments, the placement, the nerves indicated in parentheses must be described as elemental objects of course and destination) of each plexus.
The brainstem nerves: generality on the brainstem; Olfactory nerve, optic nerve, common oculomotor nerve, thrombotic nerve, trigeminal nerve, abdominal nerve, facial nerve, static nerve, glossopharyngeal nerve, verve nerve, nerve accessory, hypoglossal nerve. (Encephalitis nerves must be known as real origin, apparent origin, pattern and destination).
The autonomic nervous system: general organization, orthosympathetic, peripheral organization; Parasympathetic, peripheral organization
Specific receptors and sense organs: gustatory apparatus, olfactory apparatus, auditory apparatus, equilibrium organ, visual apparatus,
AMBROSI- ANATOMIA DELL’UOMO- edi ermes
oral and written examination