|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||BIO/19|
|MODULES||This unit is a module of:|
Provide basic knowledge on the composition and nature of the microbial world (viruses, bacteria, archea and eukaryotic microorganisms), highlighting the main structural, functional, ecological characteristics and the role of gene exchange in microorganisms. To provide the main notions on modern techniques and assays for the study of environmental microbial communities.
Attendance and participation in the planned activities will enable the student to acquire general knowledge in the field of environmental Microbiology
Specifically, he will be able to:
• Know the basic biology of environmental microorganisms and their activities (microbial
metabolism) in natural ecosystems
• Understanding the ecological role of environmental microorganisms
• Know the diagnostic techniques necessary for the characterization and recognition of
• Understanding the use of microorganisms in innovative approaches for environmental
The course consists exclusively of lectures. Attendance at lessons is strongly recommended.
Lectures in the classroom are delivered through multimedia presentations.
The composition of the microbial world. eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Structural and functional characteristics of the bacterial cell. The bacterial division. Nutritional classes of bacteria and energy reactions. The growth curve; effect of the environment on bacterial growth; survival strategies of bacteria at stress. The endospore. Main features of gene exchanges in bacteria and their study in the marine environment. Genetics of microorganisms, horizontal gene transfer (conjugation, transduction, transformation). Archea: classification, main characteristics and ecological role. Virus: main features (structure and replication cycle); lytic cycle and lysogenic cycle of bacteriophages. Viruses in the environment ecology and techniques for their detection. General characteristics of eukaryotic microorganisms. Sterilization techniques. Cultures and non-culture surveys for the study of presence, concentration and microbial activity in the environment. Ecological role of microorganisms. Interactions of microorganisms with animals, plants and other microorganisms. Microbial biofilms.
All slides used during lessons and other teaching materials will be available on AulaWeb at the end of each lesson cycle. The book below is suggested as a supporting text, but students can still use other university level texts. The recommended text is available and can be consulted at the M.F.N. School of Science Library.
Micheal T Madigan et al 2016. Brock, Biology of microorganisms, General, environmental and industrial microbiology. Pearson Publisher (Milan), ISBN-10: 889190094X, 848 pp.
Office hours: Meetings with students will be agreed directly with the teacher
LUIGI VEZZULLI (President)
MARIO PASSALACQUA (President Substitute)
GIANLUCA DAMONTE (Substitute)
The exam is oral and consists of the answer to questions asked by the teacher on topics covered during the course. Three calls will be available in the winter session (January-February) and 3 calls in the summer session (June, July, September).
Detailed information on how to prepare for the exam and the degree of detail required for each covered topic will be provided during the lessons. The oral examination will focus on the topics covered in class and will have the purpose to evaluate not only if the student has reached an adequate level of knowledge, but also if he has acquired the ability to recall the theoretical notions by applying them to simple concrete contexts. The ability to expose the arguments clearly and with correct terminology will also be evaluated.
Regular attendance at lessons is strongly recommended.