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ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY

CODE 65592
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 5 cfu during the 2nd year of 9916 SCIENZE AMBIENTALI E NATURALI (L-32) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/19
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites
    You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
    • ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES 9916 (coorte 2021/2022)
    • FUNDAMENTALS OF CHEMISTRY 72889
    • GENERAL BIOLOGY AND ELEMENTS OF ZOOLOGY 84005
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Provide basic knowledge on the composition and nature of the microbial world (viruses, bacteria, archea and eukaryotic microorganisms), highlighting the main structural, functional, ecological characteristics and the role of gene exchange in microorganisms. To provide the main notions on modern techniques and assays for the study of environmental microbial communities.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Attendance and participation in the planned activities will enable the student to acquire general knowledge in the field of environmental Microbiology

    Specifically, he will be able to:

                        • Know the basic biology of environmental microorganisms and their activities (microbial

                         metabolism) in natural ecosystems

                        • Understanding the ecological role of environmental microorganisms

         • Know the diagnostic techniques necessary for the characterization and recognition of  

             environmental microorganisms

         • Understanding the use of microorganisms in innovative approaches for environmental  

            bioremediation

     

    TEACHING METHODS

    The course consists exclusively of lectures. Attendance at lessons is strongly recommended.
    Lectures in the classroom are delivered through multimedia presentations. 

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    The composition of the microbial world. eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Structural and functional characteristics of the bacterial cell. The bacterial division. Nutritional classes of bacteria and energy reactions. The growth curve; effect of the environment on bacterial growth; survival strategies of bacteria at stress. The endospore. Main features of gene exchanges in bacteria and their study in the marine environment. Genetics of microorganisms, horizontal gene transfer (conjugation, transduction, transformation). Archea: classification, main characteristics and ecological role. Virus: main features (structure and replication cycle); lytic cycle and lysogenic cycle of bacteriophages. Viruses in the environment ecology and techniques for their detection. General characteristics of eukaryotic microorganisms. Sterilization techniques. Cultures and non-culture surveys for the study of presence, concentration and microbial activity in the environment. Ecological role of microorganisms. Interactions of microorganisms with animals, plants and other microorganisms. Microbial biofilms.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    All slides used during lessons and other teaching materials will be available on AulaWeb at the end of each lesson cycle. The book below is suggested as a supporting text, but students can still use other university level texts. The recommended text is available and can be consulted at the M.F.N. School of Science Library.

    Micheal T Madigan et al 2016. Brock, Biology of microorganisms, General, environmental and industrial microbiology. Pearson Publisher (Milan), ISBN-10: 889190094X, 848 pp.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    LUIGI VEZZULLI (President)

    MONICA AVERNA

    ELISA TAVIANI

    MARIO PASSALACQUA (President Substitute)

    GIANLUCA DAMONTE (Substitute)

    LESSONS

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The exam is oral and consists of the answer to questions asked by the teacher on topics covered during the course. Three calls will be available in the winter session (January-February) and 3 calls in the summer session (June, July, September).

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    Detailed information on how to prepare for the exam and the degree of detail required for each covered topic will be provided during the lessons. The oral examination will focus on the topics covered in class and will have the purpose to evaluate not only if the student has reached an adequate level of knowledge, but also if he has acquired the ability to recall the theoretical notions by applying them to simple concrete contexts. The ability to expose the arguments clearly and with correct terminology will also be evaluated.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    26/01/2023 10:00 GENOVA Orale
    26/01/2023 10:00 GENOVA Scritto
    09/02/2023 10:00 GENOVA Orale
    09/02/2023 10:00 GENOVA Scritto
    15/06/2023 10:00 GENOVA Orale
    15/06/2023 10:00 GENOVA Scritto
    06/07/2023 10:00 GENOVA Orale
    06/07/2023 10:00 GENOVA Scritto
    20/07/2023 10:00 GENOVA Orale
    20/07/2023 10:00 GENOVA Scritto
    14/09/2023 10:00 GENOVA Orale
    14/09/2023 10:00 GENOVA Scritto

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    Regular attendance at lessons is strongly recommended.