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METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY

CODE 71772
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 6 cfu during the 3nd year of 9916 SCIENZE AMBIENTALI E NATURALI (L-32) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR GEO/12
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites
    You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
    • ENVIRONMENTAL AND NATURAL SCIENCES 9916 (coorte 2020/2021)
    • ENVIRONMENTAL APPLIED PHYSICS 84044
    • PHYSICS 104559
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    "Metheorology and climatology" responds to the growing demand for training in a strategic sector such as that linked to atmospheric phenomena, with enormous implications also of a socio-political as well as economic nature (like the "global warming"). The main objective of the study subject is to provide the physical-mathematical bases of the discipline in order to instill in the student a strong critical sense that allows him to face such delicate problems with scientific and methodological rigor.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The course focuses on the study of atmospheric phenomena and their influence on everyday life (just think to the global warming). In this case the Student will be able to:

    •      know and describe the main meteorological phenomena;
    •      select the correct study methods to solve specific problems;
    •      interpret the analytical results deriving from the use of meteorological instruments;
    •      critically evaluate the data collected during monitoring activities in order to correctly predict meteorological forecasts;
    •      produce scientific and / or professional reports;
    •      correctly interpret the "meteorological" signals that the environment around us sends us;
    •      evaluate the meteorological information received objectively and critically

    TEACHING METHODS

    Please refer to the specific AulaWeb application for teaching for any updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    Force of Coriolis. Ekman's Spiral. Atmosphere. Solar constant. Albedo. Thermal balance. Radiative budget. Air temperature. Balance of the heat of the ocean. Atmospheric pressure. Humidity in the air. Clouds. Rainfall. Fog and mist, smog.

    Examples of meteorological and/or climatological applications in the fields of wind engineering and wind enegy, realized through experimental and numerical techniques. The forced and convective lifting mechanisms of the air parcel. Reversible adiabatic processes, and irreversible and reversible pseudoadiabatic processe in the atmosphere. The potential temperature and the dry adiabatic lapse rate (DALR). The equivalent potential temperature and the saturated adiabatic lapse rate (SALR).

    The environmental lapse rate. Radiosondaggi. The concept of static stability in the atmosphere based on the local method. The atmosphere in stable conditions, the frequency of Brunt-Vaisala, the lenticular clouds and gravity waves. The atmosphere in unstable conditions. Thermodynamic diagrams of the atmosphere. Determination of the lifting condensation level (LCL) and the level of free convection (LFC).

    The temporal indices (CAPE, Whiting, Lifted Index). Determination of the convective condensation level (CCL), Stau and föhn, thermal inversions. The process of homogeneous nucleation in the clouds. Definition and role of condensation nuclei for the formation of cloud droplets. The heterogeneous nucleation and the effect of the solute. The growth processes of raindrops in hot clouds: condensation and collision-coalescence growth. Experiment in creating a cloud in the bottle. The Bergeron process in the cold clouds and the formation of snowflakes. Precipitation types: rain, frozen rain, sleet, snow, hail. The international classification of clouds. The cloud atlas of the WMO and their international coding.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    During the year, the PowerPoint of the lectures and various didactic material with character and Meteorological themes will be uploaded in the AulaWeb .

    Recommended books:

    • Francesco Fantauzzo (1976), Dalla brezza all'uragano (meteorologia moderna) ;
    • M. Giuliacci, A. Giuliacci, P. Corazzon (2010), Manuale di meteorologia .
    • S. Gallino (2015), Il meteo per la vela.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    MASSIMO VERDOYA (President)

    GABRIELE FERRETTI

    MARCO CAPELLO (President Substitute)

    DANIELE SPALLAROSSA (Substitute)

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    For lessons and timetables, please go to http://www.distav.unige.it/ccsambnat/orariolezioni

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    Please refer to the specific AulaWeb application for teaching for any updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The oral exam will focus mainly on the topics covered during the lessons and during the seminars/study visit at the ARPAL Weather Center, and will have the purpose of assessing whether the student has reached an adequate level of knowledge and has acquired the ability to link all the theoretical information by applying it to situations real (weather forecast). The property of language and the knowledge of the correct scientific and technical terminology will also be evaluated.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    23/06/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    11/07/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    26/07/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    01/09/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    22/09/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    We recommend to follow the lessons.