|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||BIO/01|
The course deepens the knowledge of plant biology, from the cellular to the ecosystem level. The course will analyse the different types of plants and their classification, comparing their structure and life cycles. The course will also cover plant ecology and how plants adapt to their environment.
Knowledge and understanding
The course will deal:
a) basic notions about the cell, tissues and organs;
b) knowledge on the development and organization of plants;
c) knowledge of the different methods of propagation and reproduction of plants, in particular of vascular plants;
d) insights into the main evolutionary lines and botanical nomenclature rules;
e) definition of some plants of the Italian flora, including membership of the taxonomic group and specific environmental characteristics;
f) understanding of the meaning and value of biodiversity.
At the end of the course students will be able to:
- describe the features of plant cells;
- make a description and comparison of morphological and anatomical of different plant taxa;
- illustrating the main reproduction processes of Spermatophyta;
- understanding the life processes of Spermatophyta;
- distinguish the main taxonomic groups of the plant kingdom;
- identify some species belonging to the Italian flora.
Class lessons, exercises and field experiences. In class exercises examples of plant organs and their modifications will be shown, and the use of dichotomous keys for plant classification will be illustrated. In field experiences, students will have the opportunity of observing and identifying some species introduced during the course.
The presence of students to lessons and field experiences is not mandatory, but strongly advised.
The basic features of plants and the role of these latter in natural environments. Structural and functional organization of plants. Affinities and differences between plants and animals. Structure and functions of plant cells: cell wall, vacuoles, and plastids. Plant tissues and anatomy. Organization and growth of plants: stem, leaf, and root. Plant organs and their modifications; adaptation to environment. Life processes of spermatophytes: water balance and transport; development; reproduction. The flower and double fertilization of Angiosperms. Elements of plant taxonomy. The Italian plant communities: main phytocoenoses of the Italian land, their species and distinctive features.
Available in pdf format on AulaWEB
Solomon et al. 2017. Struttura e processi vitali nelle piante , VII ed. EdiSES
VENTURELLI F., VIRLI L., 1995 - Invito alla Botanica, Zanichelli, Bologna
SPERANZA A. e CALZONI G. L., 1996. Struttura delle Piante in Immagini. Zanichelli. Bologna
Other useful books
Speranza A. e Calzoni G. L., 1996. Struttura delle Piante in Immagini. Zanichelli. Bologna
GIACOMINI V., FENAROLI L., 1958 - La Flora. Collana "Conosci l'Italia.". Touring Club Italiano,
SIMONETTI G., GOLDSTEIN M., WATSCHINGER M., 1994 - Alberi d'Europa. Mondadori
BANFI E., CONSOLINO F., 1996 - Alberi. De Agostini
GABRIELE CASAZZA (President)
LAURA CORNARA (President Substitute)
LUIGI MINUTO (President Substitute)
The lessons of the first semester will start from September 23, 2019, and will be completed by January 17, 2020. The lessons of the second semester will start from February 17, 2020 and will end by June 12, 2020. Refer to the detailed timetable below link:
Starting month of Fondamenti di Botanica: November
The final vote is the average of the votes of the two tests, the first on the general botany, consisting of a test and identification of plant anatomical parts shown in pictures and the second on the systematic and applied botany.
The exam is aimed at assessing the knowledge of the fundamental elements of the subject, the ability to link the various topics and the mastery of the application aspects
Attendance at lectures and exercises in the classroom and in the field is strongly recommended