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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND LABORATORY

CODE 65529
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 8 cfu during the 2nd year of 8762 SCIENZE BIOLOGICHE (L-13) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR CHIM/06
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites
    You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
    • Biological Sciences 8762 (coorte 2021/2022)
    • INSTITUTIONS OF MATHEMATICS 52344
    • CYTOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY AND LABORATORY 65513
    • GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY WITH LABORATORY 65521
    Prerequisites (for future units)
    This unit is a prerequisite for:
    • Biological Sciences 8762 (coorte 2021/2022)
    • BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY AND LABORATORY 65531
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    Organic Chemistry and Laboratory (CHIMORG, code 65529) is worth 8 credits and takes place in the first semester, years: 2nd LT SB. Classes are held in Italian.
    For enrolled students, the teaching material is available on AulaWeb.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Obiettivo dell'insegnamento è quello di fornire allo studente una visione generale sul comportamento (chimico e chimico-fisico) dei principali gruppi funzionali della chimica organica. Sulla base delle conoscenze così acquisite vengono prese in esame le caratteristiche essenziali (costituzione, preparazione, reattività) delle principali tipologie di materiali organici/polimerici di interesse più specifico nell’ambito dei Beni Culturali (solventi, resine, coloranti, leganti - oli siccativi e tempere -, protettivi, vernici). La comprensione dei fattori che regolano il comportamento di questi materiali è di fondamento per una corretta programmazione ed interpretazione della diagnostica, finalizzata all’uso delle moderne tecniche di conservazione, consolidamento e restauro.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Remember the concepts related to atoms, electronegativity and chemical bonds
    Understand the concepts of polar covalent bonding, hybridization, sigma and pi bond, isomerism, resonance
    Apply these concepts to the construction of organic molecules, to the identification of their arrangement in the space, to the recognition of the functional groups and to the assignment of the IUPAC name
    Analyze the organic molecules on the basis of their structure, recognizing their acidity / basicity, nucleophilic / electrophilic character; identify six different types of chemical reactions
    Evaluate the reactivity of organic molecules based on their structure and the environment in which they are located
    Create new substances by reaction of simple organic molecules

    TEACHING METHODS

    Frontal lessons

    Laboratory activities

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    Atoms and molecules. Hybridization of the carbon atom.
    Theory of resonance. Lewis formulas. Acids and Bases.
    Alkanes and cycloalkanes. Nomenclature and properties. Conformations
    Alkenes, cycloalkenes, polyenes. Nomenclature and properties. Isomerism E / Z
    Alkyne. Nomenclature and properties.
    Benzene and aromatic compounds. Nomenclature and properties
    Stereoisomery and enantiomery. Configurations R / S
    Halogen derivatives. Alcohols. Nucleophilic substitution reactions and elimination
    Carbonyl compounds, aldehydes and ketones.
    Carboxylic acids and acyl derivatives.
    Amines; purine and pyrimidine bases
    Lipids; triglycerides. Chemical and physical characteristics. Phospholipids. Terpenes.
    Monosaccharides: aldoses and ketoses; projections, hemiacetalic forms; reactivity.
    Mono- and polysaccharides
    α-Amino acids: properties. Peptide bond. Structure of proteins.
    Nucleic acids, nucleosides and nucleotides.
    Laboratory practical tests:
    Isolation of an essential oil by distillation
    Extraction, chromatographic separation and spectrophotometric analysis of natural pigments
    Resolution of a racemic mixture - polarimetry
    Recognition essays for major natural substances

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Klein “FONDAMENTI DI CHIMICA ORGANICA”, 2016, Pearson Italia, Milano-Torino

    Brown “INTRODUZIONE ALLA CHIMICA ORGANICA”, 2005 (2001, 1999), Edises, Napoli

    McMurry “FONDAMENTI DI CHIMICA ORGANICA”, 2011, Zanichelli, Bologna

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    ANDREA BASSO (President)

    CINZIA TAVANI

    LARA BIANCHI (President Substitute)

    LISA MONI (Substitute)

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    Lesson will start on 20th September 2021 and will follow the schedule available on the website

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The exam consists of a written test in which the students will have to answer open questions on the following topics:

    nomenclature and isomerism

    acidity and basicity

    reactivity

    biomolecules

    laboratory activities

    Each question is associated with a maximum score, which takes into account the difficulty of the question itself; the written test is considered passed when the overall score is at least 18/30;

    students who pass the test will have an oral examination which will consist of a series of questions about the theory and laboratory activity

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The exam consists of a written test and an oral exam. The written test is generally organized on more open-ended questions with scores which take account of various difficulties, while the oral exam, which can be accessed only after passing the written exam, consists of an interview. Both written and oral tests are based on the program carried out in class to evaluate the achievement of educational goals. The oral examination is always conducted by a commission made up of at least two professors (or in limited cases as a tenured professor and an expert on the subject so designated by CCS) and has a reasonable duration. The Commission, appointed in this way, you can verify with high accuracy to achieve the educational objectives of teaching by putting different questions related to the program actually carried out during the course lessons. When the educational objectives are not achieved, the student is encouraged to better verify his knowledge and possibly to make use of further explanations by contacting the owner of the teacher teaching the course.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    23/01/2023 09:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    13/02/2023 09:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    19/06/2023 09:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    17/07/2023 09:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    11/09/2023 09:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    Prerequisites

    The examination must follow the one of General and Inorganic Chemistry with Laboratory. Knowledge of derivatives, integrals, logarithmic and exponential functions. Knowledge of Thermodynamics, Electromagnetism, Optics. Good knowledge of General and Inorganic Chemistry

    Frequency

    Recommended for lectures, compulsory for laboratory work and preliminary lessons to it