Salta al contenuto principale della pagina

EMBRYOLOGY, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY AND LABORATORY

CODE 65523
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 5 cfu during the 3nd year of 9916 SCIENZE AMBIENTALI E NATURALI (L-32) - GENOVA
  • 9 cfu during the 2nd year of 8762 SCIENZE BIOLOGICHE (L-13) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/06
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites
    You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
    • Biological Sciences 8762 (coorte 2020/2021)
    • INSTITUTIONS OF MATHEMATICS 52344
    Prerequisites (for future units)
    This unit is a prerequisite for:
    • Biological Sciences 8762 (coorte 2020/2021)
    • GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY 67062
    • PHYSIOLOGY OF EXCITABLE CELLS 67061
    • ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND LABORATORY 67060
    • Biological Sciences 8762 (coorte 2021/2022)
    • GENERAL PHYSIOLOGY 67062
    • PHYSIOLOGY OF EXCITABLE CELLS 67061
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    This class concerns the functional anatomy of vertebrate systems, with maximum emphasis on the ontogenetic and phylogenetic context. The approach is strongly focused on the evolution of the structures. 

     

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The comparative anatomy covers the anatomy of several systems in vertebrates with focus on homology and differences in different taxa, according to their evolution and functional aspects. It provides elements of evolutionary history and of comparative descriptive embryology of vertebrates.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    1 - The student will be able to illustrate the phylogenetic relationships between the major taxa of living and extinct chordates.

    2 - The student will be able to describe, using appropriate language, the main events in the embryonic development of vertebrates.

    3 - The student will be able to describe, using appropriate language, the anatomy and evolution of main vertebrate systems.

    4 - For Biological Science only: the student will be able to describe, using appropriate language, the microscopic anatomy of several organs of vertebrates. 

    5 - The student will be able to compare the structures in the different vertebrates, underlining the homologies and, where possible, the evolutionary paths, the plesiomorphic and apomorphic features.

    6 - For Biological Science only: the student will acquire the ability to observe anatomical preparations, dissected anatomical parts, and anatomical models, managing to apply the theoretical notions to the description of the images. 

     

    PREREQUISITES

    Basic knowledge of cytology and histology is required to effectively address the class content.

     

    TEACHING METHODS

    For Biological Sciences (8+1 credits): 64 hours of lectures delivered alternatively through multimedia presentations or by schematizing on the blackboard + 16 hours of workshop alternatively held in classroom, computer classroom, and laboratory equipped with microscopes, models, samples and dissection tools. Attending to 75% of workshop hours (12 h) is mandatory.

    For Environmental and Natural Sciences (5 credits): 40 hours of lectures delivered alternatively through multimedia presentations or by schematizing on the blackboard.

    For both Biological Sciences and Environmental and Natural Sciences, self-assessment tests will be available on Aulaweb and using Kahoot or Microsoft form during the lectures

     

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    The following list of topics is for the students of both the Degree Course in Environmental and Natural Sciences (5 credits) and the Degree Course in Biological Sciences (9 credits), except when otherwise specified.

    Evolution of vertebrates. 

    Types of oocytes and development. Segmentation, gastrulation, neurulation, organogenesis. Phylotypic stage of vertebrates. 

    Anatomical description of organs and systems with special focus on phylogeny and ontogeny. In detail: 

    Digestive system, for Biological Science only: macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the digestive system of vertebrates. Dissection and observation of digestive system.

    Respiratory system: anatomy and evolution of gills, air-filled sacs, and lungs. For Biological Science only: microscopic anatomy of respiratory organs, dissection and observation of gills. 

    Cardiovascular system: anatomy and evolution of heart and main blood vessels. For Biological Science only: observation of heart models and samples.

    Skeletal system: anatomy and evolution of vertebrate skeleton. For Biological Sciences only: observation of specimens from the Comparative Anatomy Museum of DISTAV and of skeletal models.

    Locomotor system, for Biological Sciences only: types of muscle, dissection and observation of skeletal elements, muscles, tendons, articulation, ligaments.

    Nervous system: anatomy and evolution of the central and peripheral nervous system of vertebrates. For Biological Sciences only: anatomy of the autonomic nervous system, observation of brain models and anatomical preparations. 

    Sense organs: anatomy and evolution of the olfactory system, eye, ear, lateral line. For Biological Sciences only: microscopic anatomy of the olfactory system, eye, taste buds, electroreceptors, tactile structures, observation of anatomical models and preparations.

    Integumentary system: anatomy and evolution of skin and skin annexes in vertebrates. For Biological Sciences only: microscopic anatomy of skin and skin annexes. 

    Excretory system: anatomy and evolution of the excretory system in vertebrates. For Biological Sciences only: microscopic anatomy of the excretory structures.

    Reproductive system: anatomy of gonads in anamniotes and amniotes, evolution of genital ducts in vertebrates.

    Endocrine system, for Biological Sciences only: anatomy and evolution of main endocrine elements in vertebrates.

     

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    All the slides used during the lessons and other teaching material will be available on Aulaweb, after each lesson or topic. In addition, as a support for the study, the Italian books

    Stingo - Anatomia Comparata Edi-Ermes editions

    Caputo Barucchi Il vertebrato che è in noi. Anatomia comparata ed evoluzione del corpo umano Utet Universitaria

    (English) Kardong - Vertebrates: Comparative Anatomy, Function, Evolution

     

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    SARA FERRANDO (President)

    SIMONA CANDIANI (President Substitute)

    STEFANO AICARDI (Substitute)

    CRISTIANO ANGELINI (Substitute)

    TIZIANA BACHETTI (Substitute)

    MATTEO BOZZO (Substitute)

    MARIO PESTARINO (Substitute)

    LESSONS

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The exam consists of oral answers to questions posed by the teacher.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    Details on how to prepare for the exam and the degree of detail required for each topic are provided during the lessons.

    The oral exam covers the topics covered during the lectures. The ability to expose topics using the correct terminology is also evaluated. 

    For students of the Degree Course in Biological Sciences only, the exam will regard constructing simple cladograms, recognizing and describing photographs of anatomical structures at macroscopic and microscopic level, anatomical models and preparations. 

     

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    03/01/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    17/01/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    07/02/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    21/02/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    20/06/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    05/07/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    26/07/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale
    19/09/2023 09:30 GENOVA Orale