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METHODS AND MODELS FOR DECISION SUPPORT

CODE 80172
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 6 cfu during the 2nd year of 10377 SAFETY ENGINEERING FOR TRANSPORT, LOGISTICS AND PRODUCTION(LM-26) - GENOVA
  • 6 cfu during the 2nd year of 11160 COMPUTER ENGINEERING (LM-32) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR MAT/09
    LANGUAGE English
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The course presents mathematical models and methods of Operations Research, studying how decision-making problems arising in various fields can be tackled, in particular, manufacturing production and logistics. The studied approaches are mainly aimed at situations in which the decisions have a discrete nature (combinatorial problems), presenting techniques to the state of the art of scientific literature.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Modeling and solving complex decision problems. Applications to manufacturing planning and scheduling and to logistics (network flow, location and vehicle routing). Integer programming, heuristic and metaheuristic models and methods for combinatorial optimization problems are studied. Fundamental concepts for solving multicriteria problems are introduced and multi-objective optimization methods are presented. Models for combinatorial optimization problems, in particular mixed integer programming (MIP) models, heuristic and metaheuristic methods. MIP models as well as heuristics and metaheuristics approach are applied to scheduling and vehicle routing problems (VRP). Multi-criteria decision problems, in particular fundamental concepts and approaches for multi-objective optimization problems.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The main objective is to provide students with the ability to face problems using the tools made available by Operations Research. The problems considered are of reference for large classes of real applications of complex nature. Specifically, the students will be able to develop models for manufacturing planning and scheduling and for logistics and transportation applications (network flow, location and vehicle routing). The students will be able to use mixed integer programming modele, in particular network flow models and multi-criteria models. The students will learn the main features of heuristic and metaheuristic methods that constitute the main tools for facing complex decisional situations in reality. Finally, the students will learn basic concepts to face multi-objective decision problems.

    PREREQUISITES

    Basic concepts of Operations Research and Computer Science

    TEACHING METHODS

    Frontal classes and some practices using a mixed integer programming solver

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    Introduction to decision problems, to decision making methodologies and their limits.

    Linear optimization models: Example of formulations, use of LP solver and interpretation of the results.

    Network Flow models. Network Simplex.

    Production planning models: Dynamic Lot Sizing Problem (single item, multi - item) and variants. Multi-stage planning models. Comparison of alternative planning models. Planning in the presence of life-time constraints.

    Decision models on graphs and networks with application in the logistics sector.

    Mixed integer programming models (planning, location, scheduling). MIP models for single and parallel machine scheduling: alternative formulations. Implementation of models in OPL language and solution of examples with the IBM-Cplex MIP solver.

    Linear integer models: references to general concepts (solution methods, total unimodularity, convex hull). The branch and cut. Relaxation techniques. Lagrangian relaxation.

    Metaeuristic methods for the solution of combinatorial problems. Neighborhood Search Methods. Trajectory Methods (Iterated Local Search, Tabu Search, Simulated Annealing, Variable Neighborhood Search, GRASP, Iterated Greedy Algorithm, Adaptive Large Neighborhood Search). Population - based Methods (Genetic Algorithm, Ant Colony Optimization, Particle Swarm Optimization).

    Models for the routing of vehicles in transport networks (Vehicle Routing Problems). Exact and heuristic routing models on nodes (Traveling Salesman Problem, Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem). Introduction to the Arc Routing problem: Eulerian graphs. The Chinese Postman Problem on an undirected, oriented and mixed graph.

    Deterministic decision models based on multiple criteria (Multicriteria Decision Making). Multi-objective decision methods: definition of Pareto optimality; classic approaches to multi-objective decisions; Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm. Multi-attribute decision methods.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Teaching material available on aulaweb.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    MASSIMO PAOLUCCI (President)

    MAURO GAGGERO

    MARCELLO SANGUINETI (President Substitute)

    LESSONS

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    Oral testing and / or development of a project (only for students who have attended classes with high assiduity).

    The dates for the oral exam can be fixed by appointment.

    Students with learning disorders ("disturbi specifici di apprendimento", DSA) will be allowed to use specific modalities and supports that will be determined on a case-by-case basis in agreement with the delegate of the Engineering courses in the Committee for the Inclusion of Students with Disabilities.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The students will be required to structure and solve decision-making problems of medium complexity. They will be required to explain the methods and models learnt during the lectures, both from the theorectic and practical point of view.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes