|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||CHIM/07|
|MODULES||This unit is a module of:|
L’insegnamento in questo modulo si propone di fornire allo studente un approfondimento su temi di chimica, chimica di coordinazione e chimica organica con particolare attenzione all’identificazione delle principali classi di composti organici, alla discussione di meccanismi di reazione con aspetti cinetici e termodinamici, e alle relazioni tra struttura e proprietà di macromolecole di sintesi e biomolecole.
The course will provide an in-depth knowledge of the structure, reactivity and properties of organic molecules. It is developed through three successive steps: classification and structure of functional groups characterizing the main classes of compounds in organic chemistry and fundamentals on the chemistry of coordination compounds; reactivity and reaction mechanisms for the conversion of different classes of compounds; description of structure, properties and reactivity of polyfunctional macromolecules of biological and biomedical / technological interest.
By the end of the course the student should be able to:
-describe the main functional groups and classes of compounds in organic chemistry (structure, nomenclature and isomerism),
-describe the coordination compounds,
-describe, with examples, (bio) macromolecules and polymeric sinthetic and natural structures,
-explain the general mechanisms of reactions in organic chemistry,
-evaluate, based on its chemical functional groups, the reactivity of an organic compound,
-predict the products of specific organic reactions
-evaluate the macroscopic properties of simple and complex organic compounds in relation to their structure.
Lectures, exercises and discussion of problems on chemical reactions and properties during class hours
Common functional groups in Organic Chemistry, IUPAC nomenclature and classifications of main organic compounds. Single bonds: alkanes, alcohols, ethers, amines. Double bonds: alkenes, carbonyl compounds (aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and functional derivatives of carboxylic acids). Triple bonds: alkynes and nitriles. Aromatic hydrocarbons: benzene and main derivatives. Essentials of nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus containing organic compounds. Properties. Stereochemistry. Main organic reaction mechanisms: nucleophilic substitution, electrophilic addition, elimination, nucleophilic addition, nucleophilic acyl substitution, chemical reactivity of benzene. Oxidation-reduction reactions. Synthetic polymers: polymerisation reactions and structure-property relationships. Molecules of biological interest: carbohydrates (monosaccharides, disaccharides, polysaccharides), amino acids and proteins, lipids, DNA and RNA. Essentials of coordination compounds.
Lecture notes, aulaweb, Chemistry reference textbooks: J.McMurry, Fundamentals of Organic Chemistry; W.Brown, T.Poon, Introduction to Organic Chemistry, J.Wiley and Sons; J.G.Smith, Organic Chemistry, McGraw Hill
SANTINA BRUZZONE (President)
ELISABETTA FINOCCHIO (President Substitute)
GIANGUIDO RAMIS (Substitute)
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
Oral (partial) exam. The exam related to the first module should be taken before the exam of the second module. The final exam result is the average mark of the two modules marks.
After completing this course, the student will be able to manage skills and operating method for the approach of problems related to properties and structure of biomolecules and complexes and their reactivity, focusing on their role in technological and biomedical applications.
The oral exam will verify the ability of the student to assign the correct name to simple and complex organic compounds, and to analyze and compare properties and structure of the main classes of compounds in organic chemistry (including polymers, biomacromolecules and complexes). During the exam, the student should also be able to discuss reaction mechanisms and products, describing them in general and critically analyzing specific problems. The correctness and completeness of the answers and also the quality of the exposure, with the use of the appropriate specialized lexicon, will be evaluated.