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BIOENGINEERING OF HUMAN MOVEMENT

CODE 106729
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 6 cfu during the 1st year of 11159 BIOENGINEERING(LM-21) - GENOVA
  • 6 cfu during the 2nd year of 11159 BIOENGINEERING(LM-21) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR ING-INF/06
    LANGUAGE English
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The course aims at providing the essential physiological background and knowledge of experimental methods and computational tools for understanding human movements.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    L'insegnamento presenta le tecnologie, i metodi analitici, gli approcci modellistici per l'analisi e la quantificazione del movimento umano e dei suoi correlati neurali. Argomenti specifici includono analisi tridimensionale dei movimenti, la meccanica muscolare e corporea, la fisiologia e i segnali fisiologici nel controllo motorio, la modellistica del controllo motorio.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    By the end of the course the students will be able to record and analyse human movements (kinematics, kinetics, muscle activity) and describe the underlying control, using the appropriate devices, and analytical and modeling tools.

    PREREQUISITES

    There are no formal prerequisites, but students are expected to know mechanics, geometry, calculus and signal analysis. 

    TEACHING METHODS

    The course combines lectures, guided experimental sessions, and analysis of movement data.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    A. Human movement (wk 1-2). Levels of description of movement: kinematic, kinetic, muscle mechanics, physiology. Terminology for describing human movements (limb movements, hand movements including manipulation). Reminder of neuroanatomy of the sensorimotor system. 

    B. Motion capture technologies (wk 3-4). Introduction to projective geometry.Stereophotogrammetry. Inertial measurement units.  Analysis of movement kinematics.

    C. Muscle mechanics and control (wk 5-6). Reminder of muscle physiology. Fiber types: intrafusal, extrafusal.  Hill’s model of muscle force generation. Muscles and contraction types. Motor units and size principle. Electromyography: surface vs intramuscular. Analysis of EMG signals. 

    D. Single-joint and Multi-joint neuromechanics (wk 7-8). Rigid body mechanics: Newton-Euler and Lagrange Methods. Multi-joint movement statics. The redundancy problem. Dynamics: equations of motion of kinematic chains. Mechanical impedance and its measure.  Dynamometry.

    E. Biomechanics of locomotion (wk 9-10). Gait kinematics and kinetics. Running, cycling, swimming.

    Computational motor control (wk 11-12). Historical overview. Movement psycho-physics. Multi-sensory and sensorimotor integration. Optimality in motor control. Joint action.  Motor learning.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Uchida TK, Delp SL (2021) Biomechanics of Movement. MIT Press. 

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    VITTORIO SANGUINETI (President)

    MARCO MASSIMO FATO

    SILVIO PAOLO SABATINI (President Substitute)

    LESSONS

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    Written exam (weight 50%) 

    Project work (weight 50%)

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The written exam will consist of questions and problems on lecture topics. 

    The project work will involve recording a specific movement and analyzing the recorded data

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    16/01/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto in questo esame confluisce il vecchio esame 80580 MOTOR CONTROL AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT
    16/01/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto
    06/02/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto in questo esame confluisce il vecchio esame 80580 MOTOR CONTROL AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT
    06/02/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto
    15/06/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto in questo esame confluisce il vecchio esame 80580 MOTOR CONTROL AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT
    15/06/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto
    10/07/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto in questo esame confluisce il vecchio esame 80580 MOTOR CONTROL AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT
    10/07/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto
    11/09/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto in questo esame confluisce il vecchio esame 80580 MOTOR CONTROL AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT
    11/09/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto