CODE 61875 2023/2024 6 cfu anno 2 FISICA 9012 (LM-17) - GENOVA 6 cfu anno 1 FISICA 9012 (LM-17) - GENOVA FIS/02 GENOVA 1° Semester AULAWEB

## OVERVIEW

The course is part of the first semester of the 1st/2nd year of the Master’s Degree in Physics. It is part of the curriculum of a theoretical physicist. The subject is characterized by an important mathematical structure, which in this course is considered as a necessary tool to deepen the physical contents of General Relativity.

## AIMS AND CONTENT

### LEARNING OUTCOMES

```Exposition of Einstein’s theory of gravitational interactions with its main consequences and applications: black holes (by Schwarzschild, Reisner-Nordström and Kerr), gravitational waves and cosmology.
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### AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The course provides an introduction to Einstein’s theory of General Relativity. No preliminary mathematical course is required, but only familiarity with covariant formalism and the principles of field theory (action, equations of motion as functional derivatives of action versus fields). The minimum differential geometry tools needed to construct the Einstein-Hilbert action and deduce Einstein equations as field equations will be introduced. The main purpose of the course is to transmit to the student the rich physical content of Einstein’s equations: black holes, gravitational waves and an introduction to cosmology

### PREREQUISITES

No preliminary mathematical course is required, but only familiarity with covariant formalism and the principles of field theory (action, equations of motion as functional derivatives of action with respect to fields)

### TEACHING METHODS

lectures at blackboard (48h)

### SYLLABUS/CONTENT

•    Manifolds
◦    Gravity as geometry
◦    What is a manifold?
◦    Vectors again
◦    Tensors again
◦    The metric
◦    An expanding universe
◦    Causality
◦    Tensor densities

•    Curvature
◦    Overview
◦    Covariant derivatives
◦    Parallel transport and geodesics
◦    Properties of geodesics
◦    The expanding universe revisited
◦    The Riemann curvature tensor
◦    Properties of the Riemann tensor
◦    Symmetries and Killing vectors
◦    Maximally symmetric spaces

•    Gravitation
◦    Physics in curved spacetime
◦    Einstein’s equation
◦    Lagrangian formulation
◦    Properties of Einstein’s equation
◦    The cosmological constant

•    The Schwarzschild Solution
◦    The Schwarzschild metric
◦    Birkhoff’s theorem
◦    Singularities
◦    Geodesics of Schwarzschild
◦    Experimental tests
◦    Schwarzschild black holes
◦    Stars and black holes

•    More General Black Holes
◦    The black hole zoo
◦    Event Horizons
◦    Killing Horizons
◦    Mass, charge, and spin
◦    Charged (Reissner-Nordström) black holes
◦    Rotating (Kerr) black holes

•    Perturbation Theory and Gravitational Radiation
◦    Linearized theory and gauge transformations
◦    Degrees of freedom
◦    Newtonian fields and photon trajectories
◦    Gravitational wave solutions

•    Cosmology
◦    maximally symmetric universes
◦    Robertson-Walker metrics
◦    the Friedmann equations
◦    evolution of the scale factor
◦    redshifts and distances
◦    gravitational lensing
◦    our universe
◦    inflation

• Sean M. Carroll: Spacetime and Geometry: An Introduction to General Relativity
• James B. Hartle: Gravity: An Introduction to Einstein’s General Relativity
• Ta-Pei Cheng: Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology: A Basic Introduction

## TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

### Exam Board

NICOLA MAGGIORE (President)

ANDREA AMORETTI

CARLA BIGGIO

CAMILLO IMBIMBO

SIMONE MARZANI

GIOVANNI RIDOLFI

PIERANTONIO ZANGHI'

## LESSONS

### LESSONS START

according to the Manifesto degli Studi

### Class schedule

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile all'indirizzo EasyAcademy.

## EXAMS

### EXAM DESCRIPTION

There will be an oral examination

### ASSESSMENT METHODS

The oral exam is organized as follows. The student is offered an entry in the course’s lesson log, and is given a few minutes to organize a lesson on the assigned topic lasting about 30 minutes, during which the members of the commission can ask related questions.

### Exam schedule

Data Ora Luogo Degree type Note
17/01/2024 09:00 GENOVA Orale
15/02/2024 09:00 GENOVA Orale
30/07/2024 09:00 GENOVA Esame su appuntamento
20/09/2024 09:00 GENOVA Esame su appuntamento