Skip to main content
CODE 75386
SEMESTER 2° Semester
MODULES Questo insegnamento è un modulo di:


The course introduces the history of European integration and the theoretical principles that underlie it, illustrating the methodological tools for critically accessing documentary sources and the complexity of historiographical interpretations on the subject.



At the end of the course the student is able to: - know the historical processes that led to the first attempts at European unification, the theoretical principles underlying them, the initiatives of movements, parties, political, economic and social forces in favor of continental unity from the second post-war period to the present day; - be aware of the historical dimension of the reality of the European Union and its possible evolutions; - understand the historiography and sources of European integration; - develop in-depth papers on specific topics


  • Know in-depth historical notions on the history of European integration from 1945 to today;
  • master information on the history of the idea of Europe;
  • know the main stages of the European integration process from a historical, economic, social and environmental policy point of view;
  • acquire direct knowledge of documentary and oral sources on the history of European integration;
  • critically elaborate a knowledge of the various historiographical tendencies on the subject;
  • apply a methodology that allows for the preparation and presentation of specific papers, based on individual research on historical sources;
  • analyze and understand the complexity of the European Union, between national thrusts and supranational integration, which can be concretely used to prepare dossiers with innovative proposals on current issues.


Knowledge of contemporary history.


The teaching consists of lectures, for a total of 36 hours, and attendance is recommended.

Those who have attended 70% of the lessons are considered attending students.

Attending students may be involved in the simulation of a meeting of an EU institution or a European supranational body.

During the course, in-depth thematic seminars will be organized and recommended on topical issues of the European integration process.

Those who have attended 70% of the lessons are considered attending students.

Attending students may be involved in the simulation of a meeting of an EU institution or a European supranational body.

During the course, in-depth thematic seminars will be organized and recommended on topical issues of the European integration process.


Roots of Europe. A moving Europe

The idea of Europe in the history

The turning point of the end of 18th century

Characters and major figures of nineteenth-century Europeanism

The First World War and the Society of Nations. Einaudi’s criticism at the League of Nations

Projects, movements, ideas of European unification in Europe between the two wars

The Briand Plan

The Franco-British Union Monnet project

Europe’s idea and European constitution projects in the Second World War and in the post-war period

The movements for the European unity

Europe at the start of the Cold War

Strategies for European unification

Jean Monnet and Altiero Spinelli

The American attitude towards European unification: from the period between the two wars to the Marshall Plan


The Brussels Pact

The Hague Congress

The Council of Europe

The Schuman Plan



The founding fathers of Europe: Alcide De Gasperi, Konrad Adenauer, Robert Schuman, Paul-Henri Spaak

Article 38 of the EDC and the draft European Community Policy

The Ad Hoc Assembly

From the fall of the EDC to the WEU

The Treaties of Rome

The common agricultural policy

Italy in the EEC and its entry into EMS: 1958-1978

De Gaulle’s European policy. The Fouchet Plans and the empty chair crisis

Kennedy’s proposal of equal partnership of July 1962

Europe in the late 1960s and early 1970s and the international context

The enlargements of the EEC / EU

The crisis of the Bretton Woods system

The Hague Conference and the re-launch of the integration process: completion, enlargement, deepening

The first monetary unification projects. The Werner Plan

The Monetary Snake


From direct EP elections to the Spinelli project

The European Single Act

The Treaty of Maastricht and the constitutional last twenty years

Italy's entry into monetary union

The Treaty of Nice

The Laeken Declaration and the Constitutional Treaty

The Treaty of Lisbon

The Euroscepticism


Recommended texts:

- U. MORELLI, Storia dell’integrazione europea, Milano, Guerini, 2011

- D. PREDA, Alcide De Gasperi: European Founding Father, Brussels, Peter Lang, 2017


- Corrado Malandrino, Stefano Quirico, L’idea di Europa. Storie e prospettive, Carocci, 2020

Non-attending students must also report on one of the following volumes:

Raffaella Cinquanta, Fabio Zucca (a cura di), La paura del «Leviatano» europeo. Globalizzazione, euroscetticismo e crisi della democrazia, Milano, Ledizioni, 2022

Robert Belot, La Resistenza e la rinascita dell'idea europea (1942-1947), Bologna, Il Mulino, 2022

Giuliana Laschi, L'Europa agricola, dalla fame agli sprechi. Storia della PAC (1945-2004), Bologna, Il Mulino, 2022

Daniele Pasquinucci, Il frutto avvelenato. Il vincolo europeo e la critica all'Europa, Milano, Mondadori Education, 2022

Stefano Quirico, L'Europa di Wilhelm Röpke. Liberalismo, federalismo, nazione, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2022

Sante Cruciani, Maria Paola Del Rossi (a cura di), Diritti, Europa, federalismo. Bruno Trentin in prospettiva transnazionale (1988-2007), Firenze , Firenze University Press; Roma , Liberetà, 2023

Francesca Tortorella, Un antifascisme européiste. Giustizia e libertà et Partito d'azione (1929-1947), Bologna, Il Mulino, 2022

Matteo Antonio Napolitano, Verso l’Europa unita. Il percorso politico-istituzionale di Giulio Bergmann, Roma, Aracne, 2020.

Francesco Bonini, Sandro Guerrieri (a cura di), La scrittura delle Costituzioni. Il secondo dopoguerra in un quadro mondiale, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2020

Lara Piccardo, Dalla Patria all’Umanità. L’Europa di Giuseppe Mazzini, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2020

Giorgio Grimaldi, I Verdi italiani e l’Europa. Il Sole che ride dagli albori all’azione nel Parlamento europeo (1978-2009), Bologna, Il Mulino, 2020

Giorgio Grimaldi, I Verdi in Germania. L’ecologia in politica dai movimenti all’Europa, Pavia, Collana del Jean Monnet Interregional Centre of Excellence, 2020

Raffaella Cinquanta, Partigiani di tutta Europa, unitevi!”. L’ideale dell’Europa unita nelle riviste clandestine della Resistenza italiana, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2020

Euroscepticisms. Resistance and Opposition to the European Community/European Union, a cura di Guido Levi e Daniela Preda, Bologna, Il Mulino, 2018

Daniela Preda, Alcide De Gasperi: European Founding Father, Brussels, Peter Lang, 2017

Guido Levi, L’europeismo ai tempi della Costituente, Padova, Cedam, 2020

Erasmus students will have to submit a detailed report on a theme of their choice and report on one of the following volumes:

U. MORELLI, L’Unione europea. Storia, istituzioni, politiche, Loescher 2007

S. PISTONE, L'integrazione europea. Uno schizzo storico, UTET, 1999.

W. LOTH, Building Europe, a history of European integration, Berlin, de Gruyter, 2015

M. T. BITSCH, Histoire de la construction européenne, Ed. Complexe, 1999.


Exam Board



MARIA ELEONORA GUASCONI (President Substitute)

LUCA BARBAINI (Substitute)



II semester, February/March 2024.

Class schedule

The timetable for this course is available here: Portale EasyAcademy



The exam consists of an oral interview and includes questions both on the institutional part and on the monographic one. The interview will have the purpose of ascertaining adequate knowledge of the topics covered by the course and its duration varies, modulating with respect to individual cases, in order to allow this verification.

Attending students, during the course, will have to prepare dossiers and present oral reports, which will form part of the overall assessment. Non-attending students will have to deepen a topic of their choice by reading a volume among those published on this teaching sheet and on aulaweb.


The Commission is designated by the Department Council and chaired by the course professor. The evaluation is based mainly on the knowledge of the subject, but also on the quality of the exposure, the correct use of the specialized lexicon and the critical reasoning ability on the study carried out.

Exam schedule

Data Ora Luogo Degree type Note
21/12/2023 14:00 GENOVA Orale
16/01/2024 14:00 GENOVA Orale
06/02/2024 14:00 GENOVA Orale
21/05/2024 14:00 GENOVA Orale
11/06/2024 14:00 GENOVA Orale
16/07/2024 14:00 GENOVA Orale
10/09/2024 14:00 GENOVA Orale


Students with “Special Needs”: the compensatory/dispensative tools recognized by the Department coordinator, Prof. Aristide Canepa, and by the University Service for students with special needs are applied. It is suggested to contact by Prof. Canepa and the lecturer of this course at the beginning of the lectures.