|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||SPS/04|
|MODULES||This unit is a module of:|
The module aims to illustrate the evolution of security studies in international relations. It deals with the transformation of global security in the post-Cold War era, from contemporary wars to peace support operations and terrorism. The module provides the conceptual tools to better understand the main features and actors of international security, highlighting also practical skills for students interested in career opportunities in global affairs.
By attending the module and its activities the students will:
The module will devote a lesson on research design and methods in security studies.
Teaching activities will be based also on active learning and seminars with experts on the field of security in order to foster debates and a constant involvement of students. Movies, blogs, papers will be adopted.
The module illustrates:
New scenarios: The transformation of contemporary conflicts, continuity and discontinuity in the “new wars”, transnational terrorism at the time of ISIL, civil wars (cases of Bosnia and Syria), counter-insurgency (Iraq, Afghanistan); fragile states and organized crime, military transformation in Europe; technology ad war: drones and cyber-security. A specific attention will be devoted to the war in Ukraine.
New Actors: Peacekeeping (features, effectiveness), Peace Support Operations and Responsibility to protect (R2P), Foreign Fighters and terrorists, NGOs and development cooperation. Focus: public opinion and wars.
Focus: Domestic actors and security issues. A case study: the evolution of Italian defense policy at the time of populism
Seminars: on Italian armed forces, peace and disarmament, migration, working in International Organizations. Experts, journalists, politicians will the speakers of the seminars.
B.Buzan and L. Hansen, “The Evolution of International Security Studies” (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009), Chapter 1 “Defining International Security Studies”, 8-19.
Call C. T. (2010), “Beyond the 'failed state': Toward conceptual alternatives”, European Journal of International Relations, 17/2, pp.303-326.
Hegghammer, T., (2016) “The Future of Jihadism in Europe: A Pessimistic View”, Perspective on Terrorism, 10(6).
Kalyvas, S. N. (2001), “New" and "Old" Civil Wars: A Valid Distinction? World Politics, Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 99-118
King, A. (2022), Why Did the Taliban Win? Armed Forces and Society
Fortna, V. P. and L.M Howard (2008), Pitfalls and Prospects in the Peacekeeping Literature, The Annual Review of Political Science, 283-302
Lindsay J.R. (2013), “Stuxnet and the Limits of Cyber Warfare”. Security Studies, 365-404
The students will selected from some of the following. The topic is at your choice.
Theories in security and strategic studies
Biddle, S. (2007) The past as prologue: Assessing theories of future warfare, Security Studies, 1-74
Strachan, H. (2019), Strategy in theory, strategy in practice, Journal of Strategic Studies, 1-20
Walt, S. (1991), The Renaissance of Security Studies. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 2, 211-239.
Selected chapters from: L.Freedman, The Future of War (Public Affairs, 2017)
Selected chapters from: B.Buzan and L. Hansen, “The Evolution of International Security Studies” (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009).
Civil wars and insurgencies
Biddle, S., Friedman J., Shapiro, J. (2012), “Testing the Surge: Why Did Violence Decline in Iraq in 2007?” International Security, 37(1), 7-40
Cederman, L-E. and Vogt, M. (2017), “Dynamics and Logics of Civil”, War Journal of Conflict Resolution, 1-25
Kolenda, C. D. (2019): Slow Failure: Understanding America’s quagmire in Afghanistan. Journal of Strategic Studies, 1-23.
Corradi, E. (2023). "Joining the Fight: The Italian Foreign Fighters Contingent of the Kurdish People’s Protection Units", Italian Political Science Review/Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, 53(2), 201-219
Peacekeeping, peacebuilding, post-conflict solutions
Autesserre, Séverine. "Hobbes and the Congo: frames, local violence, and international intervention." International Organization (2009): 249-280.
Bove V., and Ruggeri A. (2016) “Kinds of Blue. Diversity in U.N. Peacekeeping Missions and Civilian Protection”.British Journal of Political Science 46(3):681-700.
Bove V., Ruffa, C., and Ruggeri A. (2020), Composing peace. Mission composition in UN peacekeeping”, Oxford University Press. Only Introduction
Cama, G. Coticchia, F. "Political parties matter: a research agenda on interactions among elites in post-conflict democracies", Contemporary Politics, Vol. 5 issue 4, 2019, 373-392.
Howard, L.M., and A.K. Dayal. (2018), The use of force in UN Peacekeeping." International Organization 72, no. 1, 71-103.
Hultman, L. Kathman, J, Shannon, M. Beyond (2014), “Keeping Peace: United Nations Effectiveness in the Midst of Fighting”, American Political Science Review
Karlsrud, J. (2015) The UN at war: examining the consequences of peace enforcement mandates for the UN peacekeeping operations in the CAR, the DRC and Mali, Third World Quarterly, 36(1), 40-54.
Karlsrud, J. (2019) From Liberal Peacebuilding to Stabilization and Counterterrorism, International Peacekeeping, 26:1, 1-21.
Terrorism at the time of ISIL
Basra R. and P. R. Neumann, “Criminal Pasts, Terrorist Futures: European Jihadists and the New Crime-Terror Nexus”, Perspective on Terrorism, 10(6), 2016.
Beccaro A. and Bonino , S. (2019): Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Italian Exceptionalism and Its Limits, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 1-18
Byman, D. Understanding the Islamic State. International Security, 40(4), 2016:127-165.
Hegghammer, T., “The Rise of Muslim Foreign Fighters: Islam and the Globalization of Jihad”, International Security 35, pp.53-94, 2011.
The future of warfare, technology and war
Biddle, S., and Oelrich, I. (2016), Future Warfare in the Western Paciac Chinese Antiaccess/Area Denial, U.S. AirSea Battle, and Command of the Commons in East Asia, International Security, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 7–48
Gilli, A., Gilli M. 2019, Why China Has Not Caught Up Yet. Military-Technological Superiority and the Limits of Imitation, Reverse Engineering, and Cyber Espionage. International Security, Vol. 43, No. 3 (Winter 2018/19), pp. 141–189
Grissom, A. (2006), The future of military innovation studies, Journal of Strategic Studies, 29(5), 905-934.
Horowitz, M, Kreps, S. and Fuhrmann, M, “Separating Fact from Fiction in the Debate over Drone Proliferation” International Security, Vol. 41, No. 2 (Fall 2016).
Lanoska, A. (2016) Russian hybrid warfare and extended deterrence in eastern Europe, International Affairs, 92/1, 175–195
Lieber, K. A. and Press, D. G. (2017), "The New Era of Counterforce: Technological Change and the Future of Nuclear Deterrence," International Security, Vol. 41, No. 4, pp. 9–49.
Calderaro A., and Anthony J. S. Craig (2020): Transnational governance of cybersecurity: policy challenges and global inequalities in cyber capacity building, Third World Quarterly.
Gartzke, E. The Myth of Cyberwar Bringing War in CyberspaceInternational Security, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Fall 2013), pp. 41–73, Back Down to Earth
Jense, B., Valeriano, B., Maness, N. (2019), Fancy bears and digital trolls: Cyber strategy with a Russian twist, Journal of Strategic Studies, 42(2), 212-234
Civil wars, fragile states and organised crime
Andreas, P., “The Clandestine Political Economy of War and Peace in Bosnia”, 2004, International Studies Quarterly, 48, 29-51
Trejo, G. and and Ley, S. (2019) “High-Profile Criminal Violence: Why Drug Cartels Murder Government Officials and Party Candidates in Mexico” British Journal of Political Science, 1-27
Newman, E. (2009) “Failed States and International Order: Constructing a Post-Westphalian World”, Contemporary Security Policy, 30/3, pp. 421-443.
Snyder, R., Duran-Martinez, A. (2009), “Does illegality breed violence? Drug trafficking and statesponsored protection rackets”, Crime, Law and Social Change, Vol. 52/3, pp 253-273.
The case of Italian defense
Carati, A., and Locatelli, A. (2017), 'Cui prodest? Italy’s Questionable Involvement in Multilateral Military Operations Amid Ethical Concerns and National interest', International Peacekeeping, 24(1): 1–22.
Coticchia, F. and F.N. Moro (2020) "From enthusiasm to retreat. Italy and military missions abroad after the Cold War”, IPS - Italian Political Science, 15 (1), 2020
Coticchia F., and M.Ceccorulli (2015), Multidimensional threats and military engagement. The case of the Italian intervention in Libya”, , Mediterranean Politics, 20(3), 303-321.
Public opinion, strategic narratives, and military operations
Coticchia, F., “Effective strategic narratives? Italian public opinion and military operations in Iraq, Libya, and Lebanon”, Italian Political Science Review/Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, 1, 2015, pp.1-26.
Klarevas, L. “The Essential Domino of Military Operations: American Public Opinion and the Use of Force”, International Studies Perspectives, 3(4), 417-437, 2002.
Decline of war?
Azar Gat, (2012), “Is war declining – and why?”, Jounral of Peace Research, 50(2) 149-157
Fazal, T.M. (2014) “Dead wrong? Battle deaths, military medicine, and exaggerated reports of war’s demise”, International Security, 39(1), 95-125
Sipri Annual Report (Summary)
Peace research, critical security studies and human security
Amouyel, A., “What is Human Security?”, Revue de Sécurité Humaine / Human Security Journal – 1/2006
Johan Galtung, “Violence, Peace, and Peace Research,” Journal of Peace
Research, vol. 6, no. 3 (1969): 167-191.
Roland Paris, “Human Security: Paradigm Shift or Hot Air?” International
Security, vol. 26, no. 2 (2001): 87-102.
Krause, K. (1998) Critical Theory and Security Studies, Cooperation and Conflict, 33(3), 298-333
Also some texts in Italian are considered
Foradori, P., Giacomello, G. (a cura di), Sicurezza globale: Le nuove minacce, (Bologna: Il Mulino, 2014), A scelta tra i capitoli I (stati fragili), VI (insorgenza e controinsorgenza), VII (crimine organizzato trasnazionale) e XII (tecnologia).
Catanzaro A., Coticchia F., "Al di là dell'Arcobaleno. I movimenti pacifisti italiani tra ideologie e contro-narrazioni strategiche’”, A. Catanzaro and F.Coticchia, Milano, Vita e Pensiero (2018), Capitolo 1, paragrafo 1
Giacomello G., Badialetti, G., Manuale di Studi Strategici (Milano: Vita & Pensiero, 2012), IV parte.
Colombo, A., “Guerra e discontinuità nelle relazioni internazionali. Il dibattito sul declino della guerra e i suoi limiti”, Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, 3, 2012, pp. 431-457.
Brighi E., Chiaruzzi, M. “Per un lessico della politica: pace e Guerra”, Rivista italiana di scienza politica, XXXIX, numero 1, 2009, pp. 113-129
Carati, A., (a cura di), L’Italia fra nuove politiche di difesa e Impegni Internazionali, ISPI Sudies, 2012.
Catanzaro A., Coticchia F., "Al di là dell'Arcobaleno. I movimenti pacifisti italiani tra ideologie e contro-narrazioni strategiche’”, A. Catanzaro and F.Coticchia, Milano, Vita e Pensiero (2018), Capitolo 3, paragrafo 2.1 o 2.2 o 2.3
Foradori, P., “La costruzione di un ordine democratico globale: le operazioni di peacekeeping dell'ONU e la promozione della democrazia”, Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, 1-2007, pp. 85-112.
Foradori, P., Giacomello, G. (a cura di), Sicurezza globale: Le nuove minacce, (Bologna: Il Mulino, 2014), il capitolo VII.
Office hours: On appointment, generally on Tuesday afternoon at Dipartimento di Scienze Politiche e Internazionali (DISPI) Piazzale E. Brignole 3 a, Torre centrale (4th floor). Or on Teams.
FABRIZIO COTICCHIA (President)
ALBERTO DE SANCTIS
ANDREA CATANZARO (President Substitute)
MARIA AMJAD (Substitute)
EDOARDO CORRADI (Substitute)
FEDERICO MARINOZZI (Substitute)
MATTEO MAZZIOTTI DI CELSO (Substitute)
CARLO MORGANTI (Substitute)
STEFANO PARODI (Substitute)
JEAN-MARIE REURE (Substitute)
MARGHERITA SALVIA (Substitute)
DAVIDE SUIN (Substitute)
Second semester. February 2024. See Aulaweb additional info
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
Students have the possibility to obtain additional points by presenting in classes scientific papers or also describing movies and TV series related to security issues. The (oral) exam will assess the acquired knowledge in the field of security studies, evaluation the students’ skills in addressing specific security issues.
The exam allows assessing the student’s capability in interpreting different security scenarios and actors.
The course contributes to the following Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the Agenda 2030:
Goal 4: Quality Education
Goal 16: Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions
Si consigliano gli studenti con certificazione di DSA, di disabilità o di altri bisogni educativi speciali di contattare sia il referente Prof. Aristide Canepa (firstname.lastname@example.org), sia il docente, all’inizio del corso, per concordare modalità didattiche e d’esame che, nel rispetto degli obiettivi dell’insegnamento, tengano conto delle modalità di apprendimento individuali e forniscano idonei strumenti compensativi”.