|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||BIO/16|
|MODULES||Questo insegnamento è un modulo di:|
The neuroanatomy course is intended to provide basic information about the nervous system and its functioning mainly in relation to the ability to develop movement and coordination
AIMS AND CONTENT
The study of normal human histology and human anatomy, which is mutually propedeutic, must allow for a level of knowledge of the tissues, apparatus and systems of the human body, a necessary premise for the optimal understanding of motor and sports activities in all stages of life.
AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES
The Human Anatomy module aims to provide the student with anatomical knowledge adequate for understanding the organization and functioning of the human body. In particular, those topics that are most directly related to the generation and control of movement will be explored: the locomotor system and the nervous system. In addition, adequate information will be provided to understand the morphology and form/function relationship of the systems that support movement, such as the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system, and endocrine system.
This knowledge will enable the student to further explore the subject matter in complete autonomy.
The planned teaching activity will consist of face-to-face lectures, during which, with the use of visual aids, all topics for which knowledge is required at the time of the final examination will be explained and discussed with students.
First semester (3 CFU, 30 hours), Prof. Davide Bagnara
Introduction to the study of Human Anatomy. Organization of the human body. Terms of position and movement.
The skeletal system. Introduction. Joints: classification, structure and movement. Axial skeleton: the skull, spine, rib cage, with related joints. Appendicular skeleton: scapular girdle and upper limb, pelvic girdle and lower limb, with related joints.
The muscular system. Introduction. Classification of muscles. Muscles of the trunk, muscles of the limbs.
The integumentary system. Organization of the skin. Cutaneous adnexa.
The cardiovascular system. Introduction. Morphology and structure of the heart. Heart valves. Conduction system. Pericardium. Systemic and pulmonary circulation. Structure of vessels: arteries, capillaries and veins. Aorta and its main branches, main venous branches.
The respiratory system. Introduction. Nasal cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tree and lungs, the lung acinus. Pleurae. Respiratory mechanics.
Second semester (4 CFU, 40 hours), Prof. Fabio Ghiotto
The digestive system. Introduction. Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines. Liver. Exocrine and endocrine pancreas.
Urinary system. Introduction. Morphology and structure of the kidney. The nephron. The iuxtaglomerular system (renin-angiotensin system). The urinary tract.
The nervous system. Introduction to the nervous system (SN). Embryonic development of the SNS. Meninges, ventricles and barriers of the SN. Spinal cord and spinal nerves. Cervical plexus (phrenic nerve); brachial plexus (median nerve, cutaneous muscle nerve, lateral cutaneous nerves of the arm and forearm, radial nerve, axillary nerve, ulnar nerve); intercostal nerves; lumbar plexus (ileohypogastric nerve, ileoinguinal nerve, genitofemoral nerve, lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh, femoral nerve, obturator nerve), sacral plexus (ischiatic nerve), pudendal and coccygeal plexuses (hints). Of the nerves indicated in parentheses, elementary hints of their course and destination should be known. Encephalic trunk and cranial nerves III to XII. Cerebellum. Diencephalon. Telencephalon. The afferent compartment. Classification of receptors. Definition of receptor field. Receptors and pathways of general somatic sensitivity. Taste receptors and gustatory pathway (hint). Olfactory receptors and olfactory pathway (hint). The eye and the optic pathways. The ear and the acoustic pathways. The efferent compartment. The motor unit. The spinal reflexes. The pyramidal and extrapyramidal systems. The basal ganglia. The circuitry involving the cerebellum. The hypothalamus and visceral nervous system.
The endocrine system. Introduction. Epiphysis, pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenal gland.
The female and male reproductive systems (hint).
F.H. Martini, M.J. Timmons, R.B. Tallitcsh. Anatomia Umana, VI Edizione, EdiSES
TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD
DAVIDE BAGNARA (President)
ALESSANDRA DONDERO (President)
FABIO GIUSEPPE GHIOTTO (President)
EMANUELA MARCENARO (President and Coordinator of Integrated Course)
Written and oral (part of the first semester syllabus), oral (part of the second semester syllabus)