CODE 42911 2023/2024 6 cfu anno 2 MATEMATICA 9011 (LM-40) - GENOVA 6 cfu anno 1 MATEMATICA 9011 (LM-40) - GENOVA MAT/02 Italian (English on demand) GENOVA 2° Semester AULAWEB

## OVERVIEW

Large part of this course in commutative algebra will be centered on the issue of the lack of bases for modules over a ring: most modules do not admit a basis, but one can "approximate" them through free modules (i.e., those modules who do admit a basis). The better is the approximation, the better is the ring, in a sense that agrees with the geometric concept of singularities.

## AIMS AND CONTENT

### LEARNING OUTCOMES

Provide students with the basics of homological algebra and notions such as free resolution and depth of a module; introduce/explore regular rings, Cohen-Macaulay rings and UFDs.

### AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

This aims of the course are:

1) To present basic concepts of homological algebra in order to define projective and injective resolutions, derived functors and their properties.

2) To generalize the concept of non-zero divisor to that of regular sequence, in order to study the notion of grade.

3) To state and prove Auslander-Buchsbaum-Serre's Theorem, which allows to characterize regular rings. To introduce some singularities and to study their good properties.

The expected learning outcomes are:

1) At the end of Algebra Commutativa 2 a student knows the theory of resolutions of a module, and knows how to compite them in certain cases of ideals inside polynomial rings or inside power series rings over a field. The student also knows how to compute derived functors such as Ext and Tor and knows their main properties.

2) At the end of Algebra Commutativa 2 a student knows the theory of regular sequences and depth, also in relation to the vanishing of functors such as Ext and Tor, or Koszul homology.

3) At the end of Algebra Commutativa 2 a student knows how to characterize regular rings, and knows the main properties of certain notable singularities such as Cohen-Macaulay or Gorenstein rings.

### PREREQUISITES

Algebra Commutativa 1 and Algebra 3. Istituzioni di Geometria Superiore could also be very useful for this course.

### TEACHING METHODS

Lessons will be in presence. Most of the available hours will be devoted to the development of the theoretical part of the course; exercise sheets will be made available during the semester and, time permitting, will be discussed collectively in the remaining hours.

### SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Homological algebra: projective and injective modules, resolutions, derived functors. Regular sequences, grade and depth, Koszul complex. Regular rings, Cohen-Macaulay rings and some mentions of Gorenstein rings.

Bruns, Herzog, "Cohen-Macaulay rings", Cambridge studies in advances mathematica 39, 1994.

Eisenbud "Commutative algebra with a view toward algebraic geometry", Springer GTM 150, 1996

Matsumura "Commutative ring theory", Cambridge University Press, 1980

## TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

### Exam Board

EMANUELA DE NEGRI (President)

MATTEO VARBARO

ALESSANDRO DE STEFANI (President Substitute)

## LESSONS

### Class schedule

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile all'indirizzo EasyAcademy.

## EXAMS

### EXAM DESCRIPTION

The examination is oral.

### ASSESSMENT METHODS

The student will be evaluated on the theoretical aspects developed during the lectures and on the capacity to analyze and tackle problems related to the contents of the course.

The assessment will be based both on the knowledge of the topics and on the ability to present them in a formal, coincise and correct way.

### Exam schedule

Data Ora Luogo Degree type Note
27/05/2024 09:00 GENOVA Esame su appuntamento

### FURTHER INFORMATION

Attendance in person is highly recommended.

Students with DSA certification ("specific learning disabilities"), disability or other special educational needs are advised to contact the Settore Servizi di supporto alla disabilità e agli studenti con DSA of UNIGE, and to agree with the teacher at the beginning of the course the methods of examination which, in compliance with the teaching objectives, will take into account individual learning arrangements and will provide appropriate compensatory tools.