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CODE 67210
ACADEMIC YEAR 2023/2024
CREDITS
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/14
LANGUAGE Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
SEMESTER 2° Semester
PREREQUISITES
Propedeuticità in ingresso
Per sostenere l'esame di questo insegnamento è necessario aver sostenuto i seguenti esami:
Propedeuticità in uscita
Questo insegnamento è propedeutico per gli insegnamenti:
  • School of Dental Medicine 8746 (coorte 2021/2022)
  • PHARMACOLOGY 67210 2021
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

Pharmacology is the science which study the interactions between drugs and the organisms. It includes the study of the origin and structure of the drugs, the mechanisms of their action, pharmacokinetics, their clinical use, their side effects and toxicity.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Didactic goal will be the acquisition of the basic pharmacological knowledge to be able to prescribe and administer the drugs of common use during the odontoiatric practice, focusing on composition, mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, clinical use, side effects, toxicity, and interactions. Moreover, effects, contraindications and interactions of other drugs commonly used in internal medicine, should be known as possible interferents with the common odontoiatric procedures.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

At the end of the course the student should be:

-Know the main bases of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics

-Know mechanisms of action, route of administration, distribution and elimination of the main drugs used during odontoiatric procedures (i.e. NSAIDs, local anesthetics, antibiotics, etc.), their toxicity and the main interaction with other internistic drugs

TEACHING METHODS

Teaching of pharmacology will be performed by frontal lessons, Total CFU are 6 (60 hours)

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

1) Introduction to the study of pharmacology (definition of drug, toxicant); pharmaceutical preparations, development of new drugs (preclinical and clinical experimentation); pharmacognosy

2) Route of administration of the drugs; bioavailability; drug absorption and physico-chemical requirements to cross bio-membranes. First pass metabolism.

 3) Drug distribution and VAD, protein binding; phase I and II drug metabolism

4) Renal and extra renal drug elimination; 1 and 0 order kinetics; clearance, steady state.

5) Pharmacodynamics: drug-receptor interaction; agonists; competitive and non-competitive antagonists; partial agonist; inverse agonists. Definition and significance of potency and efficacy. Therapeutic index; up- and down regulation of the receptors;

6) structure and functioning of the main types of receptors, ion channels, and pharmacologically relevant enzymes. Signal transduction;

7) Adverse drug reactions; pharmaco-allergy, idiosyncrasy, tolerance. Factors at the basis of the individual differences in the drug action.

8) Adrenergic neurotransmission and pharmacological modulation

9) Cholinergic neurotransmission and pharmacological modulation

10) Benzodiazepines: mechanism of action, clinical use, toxicity; compounds Z

11) Pharmacology of nociception and opiates

12) NSAIDs

13) Glucocorticoids

14) Local anesthetics and association with sympathomimetic amines; general anesthetics; N2O

15) General concepts of antibiotic-therapy; misuse and resistance

16) Beta-lactams (penicillin G, and p semisynthetic penicillins) beta-lactamase inhibitors

17) Cephalosporines. carbapenemes, monobactamic. Glycopeptides

18)   Macrolides

19) Fluorochinolones

20) Second choice antibiotics; antiseptics

Drug prescription in Italy

21) Aminoglycosides, tetracyclines, CAF

22) Antiviral drugs

23) Antifungines

24) Drugs affecting calcium metabolism

25) antagonists of H1 and H2 receptors

26) Antiplatelet and anticoagulant drugs

27) Drugs used for emergency

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

All the slides shown during the frontal lessons will be made available to the students on the Aulaweb site.

All the pharmacology textbooks for Dentistry are suitable to integrate the lessons (i.e. Farmacologia in odontoiatria di Matilde Amico Roxas, UTET editore)

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

TULLIO FLORIO (President)

FEDERICA BARBIERI

LESSONS

LESSONS START

Second semester

Class schedule

PHARMACOLOGY

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

The exam of pharmacology will be performed as an interview, focusing on the topics discussed during tke lessons

ASSESSMENT METHODS

The student will have to demonstrate knowlege of the mechanisms involved in the reciprocal interactions between the body and the drugs (pharmacodinamics and pharmacokinetics); the mechanism of action, the clinical use, the side effects and the possible drug interactions of the main pharmacological classes described during the course.