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CODE 58090
ACADEMIC YEAR 2023/2024
CREDITS
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/17
LANGUAGE Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
SEMESTER 2° Semester
PREREQUISITES
Propedeuticità in uscita
Questo insegnamento è propedeutico per gli insegnamenti:
  • School of Dental Medicine 8746 (coorte 2023/2024)
  • HISTOLOGY 58090 2023
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

The course aims at providing students with the basic knowledge of the morphological and functional characteristics of human tissues with special regard to cells composing them. The course will also deal with the fundamental processes of embryonic development. Tutorials devoted to observation of histological preparations by optical microscope will deepen the aspects discussed in the lessons.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Knowledge of the main morphological and functional characteristics of human tissues with special regard to cells composing them. Knowledge of the fundamental processes of embryonic development and the major molecular mechanisms that regulate them.

TEACHING METHODS

The course includes classroom teaching lessons on topics of citology, histology and embryology.

It is possible that the method of conducting the lessons will change due to emergency situations that prevent the performance of the lessons in attendance. In this case the lessons will be carried out through the Teams platform 

 

 

 

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

The main steps in eukaryotic cell evolution

The plasma membrane:

Structure and functions

Membrane transports

Endocytosis and esocytosis

The cytoplasm:

Hyaloplasm

Ribosomes

Rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (RER)

Smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (REL)

Golgi apparatus

Lysosomes

Peroxisomes

Mitochondria

The cytoskeleton

Cell movement

Cell motility and intracellular transport

Cell junctional comlexes

The nucleous

The nucleolus

Cell cycle and mitosis

 

HISTOLOGY

Epithelial tissue:

Main characteristics of epithelia

Lining epithelia: organization and classification

Structural surface differentiations of epithelial cells (microvilli, stereocilia, cilia)

Secretory epithelia:

•          exocrine glands

•          endocrine glands

Sensorial epithelia.

Specialized epithelia.

 

Connective tissue:

Extracellular matrix:

•          fibers

•          ground substance

Cell components of connective tissue

Connective tissue proper

Support connective tissue: cartilage and bone tissue

Ossification

Trophic connective tissue: blood and lymph

Lymphatic tissue

Cells of the innate and adaptive immune system

 

Muscle tissue:

  • striated skeletal muscle tissue
  • striated cardiac muscle tissue
  • smooth muscle tissue

Myofibril structure and muscle contraction

 

Nerve tissue:

  • neurons
  • glial cells
  • nerve fibers
  • synapses and impulse transmission

Tooth tissues

Paradontium

Odontogenesis

 

EMBRIOLOGY

Gametogenesis:

- Spermatogenesis and mechanisms of hormonal control

- Oogenesis and mechanisms of hormonal control; ovarian cycle; uterine cycle.

Fertilization

Segmentation

Implantation of the blastocyst

Germ disc bilaminar (second week of development)

Germ disc trilaminar (third week of development)

Neurulation, the development of the somites and the embryonic body cavity, the embryo folding steps

The derivatives of the three germ layers.

Primitive placenta

Terminal placenta: leafy chorion and decidua

Amnion and umbilical cord.

Maternal-fetal compatibility/incompatibility.

Elements of organogenesis.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

HISTOLOGY

Young, Heath- Atlante: Istologia e Anatomia microscopica. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana

Ross M.H., Pawlina W.- Istologia- Testo e Atlante. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana.

Monesi - Istologia (7 edizione) - Piccin Editore

Maraldi, Tacchetti - Istologia medica - Edi-Ermes

EMBRIOLOGY

Rosati e coll.- Embriologia. Edi-Ermes

De Felici e coll.- Embriologia umana. Piccin Editore

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

ROBERTA CASTRICONI (President)

EMANUELA MARCENARO (President)

ANTONIO PUCCETTI (President)

SIMONA SIVORI (President)

LESSONS

Class schedule

L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile all'indirizzo EasyAcademy.

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Written test (open questions) and oral examination

 It is possible that emergency situations prevent the students to taking part in the examination in attendance for the final evaluation. In this case, the Teams platform will be used.

 

In case of certification of specific learning disability, disability or other special educational needs, the University legislation and regulations on disability and SLD are applied (https://unige.it/disabilita-dsa/studenti-disabilit%C3% A0-normative).

See also the "Other information" section of this syllabus.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

The examination consists of a written test with open questions and in an oral examination. The examamination has a duration of at least 45 minutes.

The choice of the examination method allows to verify the acquisition of the knowledge inserted in the training objectives

 It is possible that emergency situations prevent the students to taking part in the examination in attendance for the final evaluation. In this case, the Teams platform will be used.

Exam schedule

Data Ora Luogo Degree type Note
15/01/2024 09:30 GENOVA Orale Prova orale Sede: Ist Anatomia Umana, Via de Toni 14, Genova
05/02/2024 09:30 GENOVA Orale Prova orale Sede: Ist Anatomia Umana, Via de Toni 14, Genova

FURTHER INFORMATION

In case of certification of specific learning disability, disability or other special educational needs, please contact both the Department contact person, Prof. Nicola Girtler, and the lecturer at the beginning of the lectures to agree on teaching and exam methods which, in compliance of the teaching objectives, take into account individual learning methods and provide suitable compensatory/dispensatory tools recognized by the University SLD Student Service.

Agenda 2030 - Sustainable Development Goals

Agenda 2030 - Sustainable Development Goals
Good health and well being
Good health and well being
Quality education
Quality education