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CODE 72671
SEMESTER 2° Semester
MODULES Questo insegnamento è un modulo di:


The equipment and rhythmic gymnastics course deals with the elements that make up the technique, teaching, assistance of the basics of artistic and rhythmic gymnastics, and of the large and small tools of traditional gymnastics.



The teaching contributes to the achievement of the educational objectives of the Bachelor of Science in Sports and Sports Activities by providing the student with the knowledge and a good foundation of understanding the field of the subject.
Propose diversified activities that develop the creative aspect to foster the ability to "problem solving" in different fields such as education/school and motor/sports.

10 theoretical hours: the course aims to acquire an adequate knowledge and basic competence on methods and teaching of the disciplines related to technical-combinatorial sports, artistic gymnastics for women and men, rhythmic gymnastics and general gymnastics.

20 hours of practical exercises: acquire the ability to set at an educational, rehabilitation and psychomotor level the pre-acrobatic to the free body and the use of large sports equipment, small equipment of rhythmic gymnastics.

As learning outcomes at the end of the course, the student must:

  • be able to perform the basic elements proposed in the program, according to the principles of rhythmic gymnastics and artistic gymnastics, through the analysis of posture and modulation of muscle energy to achieve a conscious management of body segments
  • knowing how to recognize and describe the technical contents that characterize the specific motor actions of the two modules
  • know how to properly use the specific terminology of gymnastics
  • be able to design and build learning paths differentiated according to age and working environment (school, pre-sport and sports...)
  • be able to apply the skills acquired in the course of technical-combinatorial sports study to design and build learning paths differentiated according to age and working environment (school, pre-sport and sports...)
  • knowing how to transfer and modify the skills characterizing gymnastics to structure, according to the principles of a varied and multilateral learning, specific skills of other sports.


Basic knowledge on the terminology gymnastics of the 1st year.


The lessons have a total duration of 30 hours.

The method of administration of the course includes theoretical and practical lectures in presence.

Teaching material will be made available via Aulaweb.

In case of certification of specific learning disability, disability or other special educational needs, please contact both the Department contact person, Prof. Nicola Girtler, and the lecturer at the beginning of the lectures to agree on teaching and exam methods which, in compliance of the teaching objectives, take into account individual learning methods and provide suitable compensatory/dispensatory tools recognized by the University SLD Student Service.



  • Historical background and current organization of the FGI
  • Sports specialties with prevalence of closed skill and open skill
  • Technical-combing sports with qualitative assessment of the form
  • The Olympic disciplines of the FGI
  • Characteristics of multidisciplinarity and transversality of gymnastics
  • Characteristics and educational use of small and large tools of the General Gymnastics.
  • Knowledge of the sport and educational use of large and small sports equipment and traditional

Artistic gymnastics female and male


1) GYMNASTICS: basic motor activity; its educational and educational value. GAM, GAF, GG and their respective tools. Technical evolution over time of the various GAM and GAF tools

2) History and organization C.I.O., F.I.G., U.E.G., F.G.I. (Olympic and other sections)

3) Gymnastic Terminology: Definition of Axes and Worktops, Attitudes and Attitudes of the Body, Units and Basic Motor Schemes (Static/three-dimensional: basic limb and torso exercises and dynamic/four-dimensional: walking, running, throwing, rolling, climbing, etc.), Coordination skills and abilities (study of rhythm, balance, etc.)

4) Equipment and safety rules in the gym. The technological and structural characteristics of the artistic gymnastics equipment. Assistance. Arrangement of carpets. Facilitating equipment

5) General and Specific Warming. General and Specific Physical Preparation. Muscle Conditioning: How to train/condition joint mobility and muscle elasticity, fast strength, static strength and fatigue resistance

6) Classification and Technical Definition of the basic Free Body Gymnastics elements of artistic gymnastics, Teaching methods, Physical Preparation and Specific Technique, Errors, and Assistance


1) General and Specific Heating

2) Working methodologies for improving flexibility, General and Special coordination

3) Outline of training planning

4) Basic elements to the Free Body of pre-acrobatic and acrobatic: rolling of the different directions, A.R.R., lateral overturning (wheel), lateral overturning (round), examples of evolutions in support (pre-reels).  Static balance exercises. Joint mobility exercises

5) Introduction to Choreography: artistic leaps (chassè, cat’s jump, straight forward, basel), pivot turns on one or two forefoots, links.

6) Basic exercises and first contact to all the tools of artistic and acrobatic gymnastics. Cavallina, jumps vault, basic use of ponds. Tools for balance.

7) Trampoline Elastic: jumps in extension with different attitude of the body, also with rotations A.L., study of the tilting of the body forward and backward, study of the jump turn forward, nods to the rotations of the body back

8) The beam: Gait and basic work at the beam. Low beam inputs. Balance positions on a limb, kneeling, sitting, decubitus. Hops, turns, waves. Overturned rolled forward. Exits in extension, grouped, apart, horned, round. (female program)

9) Horse with handles: Translocations also on the horse, central, frontal and dorsal, under entrances and exits (male program)

9a) Parallel equals (as an alternative to paragraph 9): Straight support bracket, thrusts upright, inverted forward humeral support, vertical reversed in suspension and humeral support, exit at lateral crossing.

Rhythmic Gymnastics


1) Education at the rhythm

2) Theoretical notes on the teaching of small tools of the discipline.


Practical exercises free.  Small tools: rope, circle, ball, clubs and tape. Introduction to small tools: handling, control and tightness. Teaching: different approaches with small tools. Technical elements of tools. Dexterity and body/tool skill

General gymnastics


Basic knowledge large and small GG tools

Educational use of large and small general gymnastics tools


  • APARO el al. - Ginnastica Ritmica. Piccin Ed, Padova, 1997
  • SCOTTON C., SENAREGA D. - Corso di Ginnastica Artistica. 4° Ed. riveduta e corretta. Ed. Libreria Cortina, Torino, 2012
  • SENAREGA D. - Grandi e piccoli attrezzi. Ed. Libreria Cortina, 2014
  • SCOTTON C., COMOGLIO M. - Ginnastica. Specialità sportive e gioco-sport. 3° ed. Ed. Libreria Cortina, Torino, 2015.


Class schedule

The timetable for this course is available here: Portale EasyAcademy



Practical and written


Assessment of the specific technical and didactic knowledge and skills of the different disciplines, through practical tests to the large tools and the body, individual and theoretical tests (structured tests). The practical tests will preferably take place during the academic year, in the form of ongoing verification. The test, which consists in the demonstration of technical skills of artistic gymnastics, is passed with a score of 18/30.

The final grade, expressed in thirtieth, comes from the average between the practical test and the theoretical test.

Particular situations may require completion of the exam with oral questions (one or two questions worth one point each). Individual projects may be required in specific cases.

Written test (0-30 points)

The learning will be verified by a final test consisting of 11 multiple choice questions (one correct and two wrong) covering the different disciplines. Vote in thirtieth. Each correct answer will be assigned the score 1.00 (wrong answers and zero answers =0.00). The test is passed with a score of 18/30.